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PostPosted: Mon Nov 24, 2014 8:02 pm 
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H5 has been confirmed in Kerala, India, increasing the likelihood that H5N8 will be confirmed.

OIE report confirms H5N1

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=16615

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 24, 2014 8:03 pm 
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Bird flu outbreak in Kottayam, Alappuzha
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T. NANDAKUMAR

Kerala
Thiruvananthapuram
The government has issued a Statewide alert following the confirmation of an outbreak of avian flu (bird flu) in two districts.

Minister for Animal Husbandry K.P. Mohanan said here on Monday that the H5 Avian Influenza virus had been confirmed in samples sent to the High Security Animal Disease (HSAD) Laboratory, Bhopal. The strain spreads between birds and can potentially affect humans.

A communication issued by H.R. Khanna, Assistant Commissioner, Union Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF), directed the State to carry out control and containment operations in the wake of the outbreak. The State has been asked to constitute teams for the purpose. A red alert has been issued in Kottayam and Alappuzha districts where the disease outbreak was noticed in ducks. Four panchayats, Aimanam, Purakkad, Kumarakom, and Thalavadi have been affected.

The Minister said affected birds would be culled from Tuesday to prevent the spread of the disease. Farmers would be compensated after assessing the extent of loss. He said directions had been issued to restrict the transportation of ducks and eggs from Alappuzha to other districts. Chief Minister Oommen Chandy has convened a high-level meeting on Tuesday to discuss the steps to be taken to control the outbreak of bird flu.

Meanwhile, officials in the Animal Husbandry Department are accused of sleeping on repeated alerts from farmers in Alappuzha district highlighting the possibility of a major outbreak over the last one week. A highly placed source in the government said the department had failed to anticipate the crisis and take precautionary measures. In another related incident, 22 ducks brought from Alappuzha by a farmer at Mylakkara, near Kallikad, in Thiruvananthapuram were reported to have died on Saturday.

Keywords: bird flu, avian flu

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/k ... uthukrish7

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 24, 2014 10:15 pm 
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Alert It’s H5 virus, say Scientists
DC | CYNTHIA CHANDRAN | November 25, 2014, 05.11 am IST

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Officials have alerted locals in Kuttanad on various modes of killing ducks and scientifically burying their carcasses, which cannot be left out in the open or abandoned in water. —DC
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: Bird flu has now been confirmed in the district with blood samples of ducks found dead in Kuttanad testing positive for the virus at the Bhopal lab they were sent to by the animal husbandry department.

Over 10, 000 ducks have died in Kuttanad over the last few weeks. While at first the animal husbandry department thought they had died of duck plague, the High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal, has detected the bird flu virus, H5 in the blood samples tested.

It is however not as dangerous as the H5N1 virus, which is most likely to spread to human beings as well.

“Currently only the H5 virus has been detected, but further tests are being conducted.

Though it is not as dangerous as H5N1, it can affect all types of birds including hens, quail, turkey and guinea fowl. Bird handlers must wear protective gear,” warned Dr. V. Brahmanandan, in-charge director of animal husbandry, revealing that the samples were sent on November 21 to the Bhopal lab and the results were received on Monday.

Chief Minister Oommen Chandy has called a high level meeting of the animal husbandry, health, revenue and forest ministers, secretaries and officials in Thiruvananthapuram on Tuesday to take stock of the situation and decide on culling all ducks in a one kilometer radius of the affected area in Kuttanad.

Animal husbandry officials have alerted locals in Kuttanad on various modes of killing the ducks and scientifically burying their carcasses, which cannot be left out in the open or abandoned in water to prevent spread of the virus.

Besides Alappuzha, neighbouring districts like Kottayam and Pathanamthitta too have been put on alert.

Meanwhile, the Central animal husbandry department has deputed two senior scientists from the Southern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Bengaluru to take stock of the ground situation in Kuttanad. The Central team headed by Dr. Venkatesh will inspect the affected areas on Tuesday.

As the state has seen similar outbreaks of bird flu over the last few years, the animal husbandry department has a stock of protective gear such as gloves, safety glasses , shoes, earplugs or muffs, hard hats, respirators, overalls, vests and full body suits and has despatched a large number already to Alappuzha.

Another 1000 have been ordered from New Delhi and Bengaluru to deal with the unexpected outbreak.

Kerala State Health Services director , Dr. P. K. Jameela said the drug, Oseltamivir, to control the HINI vrius was being procured from Alappuzha, Kottayam , Pathanamthitta and other districts and would be administered to those responsible for the culling of the affected birds and others who came in contact with them.

As expected, the latest bird flu outbreak has left poultry shopowners worried. Mr R. Harilal, who runs the Lal Poultry at Murinjapalam in Thiruvananthapuram says it is bound to prove a huge setback to his business ahead of the Christmas season.

“Normally we do brisk business for seven months and only reasonable business during the summer holidays. By the time the schools reopen most households begin to tighten their purse strings.

The Easter lent, Sabarimala and Christmas lent seasons are a dull period. But now our poultry sales will fall even in the months when our business is usually good,” he lamented.

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/141125/n ... scientists

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 24, 2014 10:33 pm 
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Kerala govt orders massive culling of ducks after tests confirm avian influenza
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M_Id_376382_bird_flu 17,000 ducks had died in recent days in Kuttanad
Written by Shaju Philip | Thiruvananthapuram | Posted: November 25, 2014 12:03 am | Updated: November 25, 2014 5:21 am

As avian influenza was confirmed as the cause of death of nearly 17,000 ducks in the state’s major paddy-growing Kuttanad region in Central Kerala, the government ordered for massive culling of the birds and other poultry in affected areas.
According to animal husbandry department, the avian influenza was confirmed following lab tests at the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases, Bhopal. However, the department is yet to get reports about the sub-type of the virus to ascertain whether it would affect humans.

Kuttanad, spread over three districts, has a duck population of 6 lakhs. Deaths have been reported from two villages in the recent weeks. As per the decision, all poultry in one square kilometer from the affected villages would be culled immediately. Besides, the sale of duck has been banned in Kuttanad and Ambalapuzha taluks in Alappuzha.

Kerala Agriculture Minister K P Mohanan said preventive steps would be soon initiated to contain the disease. Veterinary kits would be distributed in affected areas and farmers would be enlightened about the threat, he said.

According to World Health Organisation, most avian influenza viruses do not affect humans. However, some are zoonotic, meaning that they can infect humans. The most well known example is the avian influenza subtype H5N1 viruses currently circulating in poultry in parts of Asia and northeast Africa, which have caused disease and deaths since 1997.

Other avian influenza subtypes, including H7N7 and H9N2, have also infected people. Some of these infections have been very severe and some have resulted in deaths, but many infections have been mild or even subclinical in humans.
- See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/ ... P3VgZ.dpuf

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 12:03 am 
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Commentary

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/11251 ... erala.html

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 9:24 am 
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Bird flu in Kerala: 1.5 lakh birds to be culled
The Statesman
25 Nov 2014 |

Thiruvananthapuram, 25 November: With the outbreak of bird flu in parts of Kerala causing serious concern, the state government today worked out a plan to cull as many 1.5 lakh birds, including poultry, in the three affected districts of Alappuzha, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta.
The decision was taken at a high level meeting convened by Chief Minister Oommen Chandy to formulate preventive measures to contain the spread of H5 Avian Influenza virus.
The issue came to fore a few days back with the mass death of over 15,000 ducks in water-logged Kuttanad area in Alappuzha. Tests on dead samples conducted at the High Security Animal Diseases Laboratory at Bhopal has confirmed avian influenza as the cause of mass death of ducks, following which a red alert has been sounded in Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta and Kottayam districts to restrict movement of poultry and allied products.
Briefing reporters on the action plan, Animal Husbandry Minister K P Hohanan and Health Minister V S Sivakumar said a rapid action team equipped with all the paraphernalia, including masks and preventive medicine kits, would be sent to carry out the culling.
All sorts of birds, including pets, would be burnt to death by using Kerosene. Government would provide a compensation for them at the rate of Rs 75 for each chick of below two months growth and Rs 150 for the birds of growth of above two months.
Since there are chances of human beings getting infected with the virus due to close contact, people in the area had been alerted to keep away from the places where the culling will take place.
As a precautionary measure, sale and transportation of eggs, meat and allied poultry products from around 10 km of affected areas had been banned. A three-member team from National Centre for Disease Control will be visiting the affected areas soon to make an assessment of the situation and advise the state authorities as part of the central protocol for tackling the situation.
As per primary assessment, the virus was spread by droppings of migratory birds flown into the area. A 24-hour control room will be opened to monitor the situation closely. An awareness campaign, especially targetting the poultry farmers and villagers, will be conducted in the area.
The Health Department would also take steps to supply preventive medicines to government hospitals and health centres in the area to check the spread of the virus to human beings. “Though the issue is serious there is no room for alarm as the affected areas have been demarcated and the buffer zone fixed,” the minister said.
A team of veterinarians had already been deputed to the affected areas like Thalavadi, Purakkad, Kainakari in Alappuzha district and Aymanam near Kottayam.

http://www.thestatesman.net/news/89357- ... ulled.html?

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 9:26 am 
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Kerala mulls poultry cull amid bird flu outbreak
Chief minister Oommen Chandy calls high-level meeting to take stock of situation
By Akhel Mathew, Correspondent
Published: 14:01 November 25, 2014
Gulf News

Thiruvananthapuram: An outbreak of avian influenza, or bird flu, among poultry has raised serious health concerns in Kerala, and authorities are scrambling to take precautionary measures to prevent the disease from spreading to humans.
Rough estimates show that nearly 25,000 ducks have died of the disease, mainly in Kuttanad, Kerala’s traditional rice bowl.
Chief minister Oommen Chandy called for a high-level meeting to discuss the issue on Tuesday, after confirmation came from experts in Bhopal that the large-scale death of ducks in Kuttanad was due to the avian influenza virus.
Both duck and chicken farmers are facing rough times owing to the outbreak with authorities reportedly considering large-scale culling of poultry to help contain the spread of the disease. Organisations representing farmers have opposed this move.
About 250,000 ducks may have to be killed to prevent the spread of the disease, initial estimates say. Early reports indicate that the government may pay Rs150 to farmers for each full-grown duck killed, and half the amount for ducklings.
Bird flu fears surfaced a week ago when Kuttanad in Alappuzha district witnessed large-scale death of ducks. Significantly, the bird sanctuary in Kumarakom, which attracts migratory birds from far and wide, is situated close by. Some experts have suggested that the disease may have been carried into the state by migratory waterfowls.
For duck and chicken farmers, the timing of the disease has been particularly bad, considering that sale of poultry meat hits a high next month, coinciding with Christmas and New Year. This is also the peak farming season for duck farmers.
The health and animal husbandry departments have opened control rooms in Alappuzha district to co-ordinate efforts to contain the spread of the disease. So far, no case of the disease having affected humans has been reported.

http://gulfnews.com/news/world/india/ke ... -1.1417639?

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 11:27 am 
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Dossier H5N8: Confirmed in dead ducks in Kerala India most likely H5N8
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The confirmation of H5 in the waterfowl in Kerala, India (Kottayam, Alappuzha, see map) increases the likelihood that these birds will be infected with H5N8 that matches the sequences from outbreaks in Germany, Netherlands, and England (A/turkey/Germany-MV/R2472/2014, A/Ch/Netherlands/14015526, A/duck/England/36254/14) in Europe was well as Japan (A/duck/Chiba/26-372-48/2014 and A/duck/Chiba/26-372-61/2014).
The five sets of sequences are from collections in November and are virtually identical, supporting spread by migrating birds. Wild birds in Japan (Tundra swans) and Germany (common Teal) have been PCR confirmed, and the Teal has been sequence confirmed (partial H5 and N8 sequences exactly match the turkey sequences in Germany).
Minister for Animal Husbandry of India, mr. K.P. Mohanan said on Monday that the H5 Avian Influenza virus had been confirmed in samples sent to the High Security Animal Disease (HSAD) Laboratory, Bhopal, India. The strain spreads between birds and can potentially affect humans.
A communication issued by H.R. Khanna, Assistant Commissioner, Union Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF), directed the State to carry out control and containment operations in the wake of the outbreak. The State has been asked to constitute teams for the purpose. A red alert has been issued in Kottayam and Alappuzha districts where the disease outbreak was noticed in ducks. Four panchayats, Aimanam, Purakkad, Kumarakom, and Thalavadi have been affected.
The Minister said affected birds would be culled from Tuesday to prevent the spread of the disease. Farmers would be compensated after assessing the extent of loss. He said directions had been issued to restrict the transportation of ducks and eggs from Alappuzha to other districts. Chief Minister Oommen Chandy has convened a high-level meeting on Tuesday to discuss the steps to be taken to control the outbreak of bird flu.
Meanwhile, officials in the Animal Husbandry Department are accused of sleeping on repeated alerts from farmers in Alappuzha district highlighting the possibility of a major outbreak over the last one week. A highly placed source in the government said the department had failed to anticipate the crisis and take precautionary measures. In another related incident, 22 ducks brought from Alappuzha by a farmer at Mylakkara, near Kallikad, in Thiruvananthapuram were reported to have died on Saturday.
The presence of H5N8 in India would increase the similarities between H5N8 spread in 2014 and H5N1 spread in 2005/2006. Although initial reports in late 2005 were largely limited to eastern Europe, the number of confirmed H5N1 dramatically increased in early 2006 after H5N1 as confirmed in cases in Turkey. Cases were subsequently confirmed in humans in Azerbaijan, Iraq, Egypt, and Nigeria, while poultry outbreaks were confirmed in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa as well as south Asia, including India.
The parallels with 2005/2006 strongly suggests that the H5 in India will be H5N8 and this novel sub-clade will found in additional countries in Europe, the Middles East, Africa, and south Asia in upcoming weeks or months.


http://n2gf.com/?p=2132

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 11:34 am 
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Information received on 25/11/2014 from Mr Anup Kumar Thakur, Secretary, Government of India, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi, India


Summary

Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 20/11/2014
Date of pre-confirmation of the event 24/11/2014
Report date 25/11/2014
Date submitted to OIE 25/11/2014
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 21/02/2014
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country



New outbreaks (2)



Outbreak 1 Purakkad & Thalavady, Purakkad & Thalavady, Alappuzha, KERALA
Date of start of the outbreak 20/11/2014
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 228807 15000 15000

Affected population Ducks



Outbreak 2 Parippu Aimananam, Parippu Aimananam, Kottayam, KERALA
Date of start of the outbreak 20/11/2014
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 13000 500 500

Affected population Ducks



Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 241807 15500 15500

Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 6.41% 6.41% 100.00% **

*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information


Epidemiology

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments Epidemiological investigation is ongoing. An intensive surveillance campaign has been launched in a 10 km radius zone.



Control measures

Measures applied Stamping out
Quarantine
Movement control inside the country
Screening
Dipping / Spraying
Vaccination prohibited
No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)




Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 24/11/2014 Positive
High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Bhopal (National laboratory) Birds reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 24/11/2014 Positive


Future Reporting

The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... newlang=en

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 25, 2014 7:41 pm 
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Bird flu scare: 2 lakh ducks to be culled in Kerala farms
By Gladwin Emmanuel, Mumbai Mirror | Nov 26, 2014, 02.05 AM IST


Bird flu scare: 2 lakh ducks to be culled in Kerala farms
The flu has also spread to Kerala chicken farms
Kerala has decided to cull as many as 2 lakh ducks, apparently affected by bird flu, as part of the government's measure to stop spreading of the avian flu to humans.

The culling, however, would be carried out after arriving at a suitable compensation package for the farmers who will lose lakh of rupees ahead of Christmas.

Over 15,500 ducks have died over the last four days in Kuttanad alone, official sources said. On Tuesday, at least 500 ducks died at a farm at Aymanam village near Kottayam.

Officials also confirmed bird flu cases at Vembanad bird sanctuary near Kottayam and broiler chicken farm in Kumarakom. High alert has been sounded in Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Allapuzha and Ernakulam districts after the bird flu, which was confirmed at Kuttanad on Monday, spreading to neighbouring districts.

http://www.mumbaimirror.com/articleshow/45277745.cms?

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