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PostPosted: Sun May 10, 2015 5:44 am 
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OIE reports cite LPAI H5N2 in Belize, yet ProMED claims HPAI in title and comments, in yet another embarassment to the scientific community.

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PostPosted: Sun May 10, 2015 5:48 am 
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Published Date: 2015-05-09 21:09:41
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (117): Belize, HPAI H5N2, poultry
Archive Number: 20150509.3352492
AVIAN INFLUENZA (117): BELIZE, HPAI H5N2, POULTRY
*************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

Date: Fri 8 May 2015
Source: The Reporter [edited]
http://www.reporter.bz/general/bird-flu ... ed-so-far/


While poultry farmers continue to suffer massive losses due to an outbreak of bird flu, the Belize Poultry Association [BPA] says it is resisting the temptation to increase prices. But losses are mounting and Ministry of Health officials estimate that more than 600 000 birds have had to be destroyed. BPA spokesman Orlando Habet told The Reporter this week that the full extent of the loss has yet to be determined because the Ministry of Agriculture continues to seize and destroy birds found to be infected.

"We are hoping for increased production from the communities in the north such as Blue Creek, Ship Yard, and Little Belize, to make up for the shortfall in production from the west," Habet said. "Only if absolutely necessary will we be looking at putting in place some kind of temporary increase. Like every other commodity, poultry is subject to the laws of supply and demand, and the BPA cannot control any price increase that results from a shortage of poultry products," Habet said in an interview last month [April 2015]. He estimated that poultry farmers collectively stand to lose some USD 6 million by the time the crisis is over.

In January [2015], health officials discovered that birds from several farms in the Spanish Lookout area had tested positive for bird flu. Further testing revealed that the birds had contracted the H5N2 strain of the virus. This strain is classified as "low pathogenic," [in humans] meaning the risk of contaminating humans is slight. At the onset of the outbreak, some 12 000 birds had to be destroyed, but this selective culling could not contain the outbreak, which has now become an epidemic.

[Byline: Benjamin Flowers]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[H5N2 is highly pathogenic for birds but, fortunately, rarely causes disease in humans. - Mod.MHJ

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/19.]
See Also
Avian influenza (19): Belize (CY) poultry, LPAI H5N2, OIE 20150124.3114605
.................................................sb/lm/mhj/je/lm

http://promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20150509.3352492

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PostPosted: Sun May 10, 2015 6:01 am 
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Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
Belize

Information received on 23/01/2015 from Dr. Miguel Angel DePaz, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Department, Belize Agricultural Health Authority (BAHA), Belize, Belize
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 03/12/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2015
Report date 23/01/2015
Date submitted to OIE 23/01/2015
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/02/2015)
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 (CY1501) Spanish Lookout, Cayo, Spanish Lookout, CAYO
Date of start of the outbreak 03/12/2014
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 17400 11572 0 0 0
Affected population Broiler breeder farms with flock ages being 22 weeks, 38 weeks and 39 weeks. Affected flocks have not shown any clinical signs.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 17400 11572 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 66.51% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments All breeder flocks are routinely sampled for avian influenza under the Belize Poultry Improvement Plan Avian Influenza Programme. Hence affected flocks were detected under routine monitoring as there are no clinical signs associated with the event. Spanish Lookout is a major poultry production area in Belize and has 14 breeder flocks with a total of 63,800 birds and an unknown number of layer flocks and broilers.
Control measures
Measures applied
Control of wildlife reservoirs
Quarantine
Movement control inside the country
Screening
Vaccination prohibited
No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
Zoning
Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
Modified stamping out
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Central Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Belize (National laboratory) Birds agar-gel precipitation (AGP) test 14/01/2015 Positive
National Veterinary Services Laboratory, USDA, United States of America (OIE’s Reference Laboratory) Birds haemagglutination inhibition test (HIT) 22/01/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=17037

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PostPosted: Sun May 10, 2015 6:02 am 
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Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
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Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry),
Belize

Information received on 10/02/2015 from Dr. Miguel Angel DePaz, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Department, Belize Agricultural Health Authority (BAHA), Belize, Belize
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event 03/12/2014
Date of confirmation of the event 14/01/2015
Report date 10/02/2015
Date submitted to OIE 10/02/2015
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Sub-clinical infection
Causal agent Low pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5N2
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country
Related reports Immediate notification (23/01/2015)
Follow-up report No. 1 (10/02/2015)
Outbreaks There are no new outbreaks in this report
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments Surveillance in Spanish Lookout detected further antibody positive premises. To date there are 12 premises that tested positive on AGID. The affected premises include broiler breeders, layers and broilers and are all localised to the south west area of Spanish Lookout. Antibody positive birds submitted to reference laboratory were negative for avian influenza virus. Sentinel birds have been placed in antibody positive flocks to detect the virus, if present. Antibody positive flocks have not shown clinical signs of avian influenza. AGID testing of village flocks around Spanish Lookout and in commercial flocks in other major commercial poultry communities have given negative results.
Control measures
Measures applied
Control of wildlife reservoirs
Quarantine
Movement control inside the country
Screening
Vaccination prohibited
No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
Zoning
Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
Modified stamping out
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=17037

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