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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 4:31 pm 
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OIE immediate release on PCR confirmed H5 in Kano, Nigeria

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 4:32 pm 
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Information received on 09/01/2015 from Dr Abdulganiyu Abubakar, Chief Veterinary Officer, Federal Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/01/2015
Date of pre-confirmation of the event 08/01/2015
Report date 09/01/2015
Date submitted to OIE 09/01/2015
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 27/07/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Kurna, Dala, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2015
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1568 1568 1370 0 198
Affected population A backyard poultry farm consisting of 22-week-old layers, 10-week-old growers and 4-week-old broilers.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1568 1568 1370 0 198
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 100.00% 87.37% 87.37% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
Quarantine
Vaccination prohibited
No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) (National laboratory) Birds polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 08/01/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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PostPosted: Mon Jan 12, 2015 8:37 pm 
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Avian flu outbreaks reported on four continents
Filed Under: Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
Robert Roos | News Editor | CIDRAP News | Jan 12, 2015

What appears to be the first detection of avian flu subtype H5N8 in Taiwan leads a long list of avian flu outbreaks reported in Asia, Europe, North America, and Africa in the past few days.

The incidents involved three avian flu subtypes and affected birds in Japan, China, Nigeria, Canada, and Germany. Media reports said Taiwan authorities reported finding not only an H5N8 outbreak but also a new strain of H5N2 virus, but they gave few details.

Taiwan outbreaks
In a report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) yesterday, Taiwan authorities said H5N8 killed 3,683 of 5,200 breeding geese in Chiayi County. Officials said plans call for culling the rest of the geese and putting farms within 3 kilometers of the outbreak under intensified surveillance for 3 months.

The OIE report did not make clear whether this was the first H5N8 outbreak in Taiwan, but Taiwan officials quoted in stories from Taiwan's Central News Agency (CNA) and the Chinese news agency Xinhua said it was.

Taiwan's Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) said the virus was similar to the H5N8 that caused widespread outbreaks in South Korea in 2014, according to a Jan 11 CNA story. H5N8 viruses have also sparked outbreaks in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, and Japan in the past few months.

The BAPHIQ also said a new strain of H5N2 struck four goose farms in Yunlin County, where 6,000 geese were being culled, according to CNA.

The bureau said the conclusion that both viruses were new to Taiwan was based on lab tests of tissue samples collected from 23 goose farms and one duck egg farm, the story said.

The story also said H5N2 was confirmed on a duck egg farm in Pingtung County, triggering plans to cull 7,000 ducks there. Two days earlier, on Jan 9, CNA had reported an H5N2 outbreak on a large commercial chicken farm in the same county, forcing the culling of 120,000 chickens.

Meanwhile in Japan, an H5N8 virus was found in a wild hooded crane in Kagoshima prefecture, authorities told the OIE in a Jan 9 report. It said sequencing of the virus's hemagglutinin (the H5 region) suggested it was a highly pathogenic strain.

The report also noted that some Japanese farms that were involved in H5N8 outbreaks last fall are now free of the virus.

Also on the H5N8 front, German authorities confirmed earlier media reports of infected storks at the Rostock Zoo in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a northeastern state. In a Jan 9 report to the OIE, officials said three white storks died of H5N8 infections. It said 39 of the zoo's 496 birds, including the storks, were destroyed to stop the virus.

Outbreaks in China, Nigeria, Canada
In still another Jan 9 OIE report, Chinese officials said an H5N1 outbreak killed 2,371 poultry in a flock of 20,483, forcing the destruction of the rest of the birds. It didn't say what kind of birds they were. The source of the virus was unknown.

In Nigeria, a backyard poultry flock in the north-central province of Kano was hit by an H5 virus, according to another OIE report filed Jan 9. It said 1,370 birds died, and the remaining 198 were killed to control the outbreak. The report didn't list the full subtype of the virus.

In Canada, British Columbian officials reported an H5N2 outbreak in a small flock of mixed poultry at Langley, near where several commercial poultry farms were hit by the virus late in 2014.

There were 12 cases, including 3 deaths, in an 85-bird hobby flock that included breeder ducks, geese, chickens, and turkeys, officials told the OIE in a Jan 8 report. The surviving birds were culled.

The report also noted that depopulation of the commercial poultry farms affected by the recent outbreaks was completed Dec 20 and that cleaning and disinfection was under way.

See also:

Jan 11 Taiwan report to OIE

Jan 11 CNA story on Taiwan outbreaks

Jan 9 OIE report on H5N8 in Japan

Jan 9 OIE report on H5N8 in Germany

Jan 9 OIE report on H5N1 in China

Jan 9 OIE report on H5 outbreak in Nigeria

Jan 8 OIE report on H5N2 in British Columbia

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspect ... continents

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 15, 2015 4:20 pm 
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Fresh cases of Bird flu in Kano, Lagos

JANUARY 15, 2015 BY OKECHUKWU NNODIM 1 COMMENT
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The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on Thursday announced that there has been unusual high mortality in two poultry farms and live bird markets in Kano and Lagos States.

It said samples forwarded to the National Veterinary Research Institute tested positive for H5 strain of Avian Influenza Virus, otherwise known as bird flu, adding that confirmatory samples were sent to the International Reference Laboratory in Padova, Italy, for further characterisation.

Avian influenza, known informally as Avian flu or bird flu, refers to influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.

Influenza, commonly known as ‘flu’ is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus.

The ministry, in a statement, noted that it had taken some measures in the affected sites to contain the reported outbreaks.

According to the FMARD, it had quarantined the infected premises and placed restriction of movement of poultry and poultry products into and out of areas around infected premises.

It said, “All state directors of veterinary services and the Federal Capital Territory, Poultry Association of Nigeria and other stakeholders have been informed and advised to be on alert with intensified bio-security measures to avert possible spread of the disease to other states.

“The World Organisation for Animal Health and Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resource and development partners have been appropriately notified in compliance with our statutory international obligations.”

It added that it had ensured immediate reactivation of all animal health component of the Emergency Preparedness Plan on bird flu for Nigeria, adding that the conduct of surveillance activities around infected areas to determine the level of spread of the disease was being undertaken.

FMARD said, “All stakeholders in the poultry industry are urged to enhance hygienic practices (bio-security measures) which include, but not limited to, regular disinfection, proper disposal of dead carcasses and poultry products and timely reporting of mortalities in poultry and other bird species to veterinary authorities.

“We wish to assure the public that, given our experiences in handling previous outbreaks and with your full cooperation in the implementation of containment measures, we are determined to contain this disease again within a short time. We will keep you informed as events unfold.”

http://www.punchng.com/news/fresh-cases ... ano-lagos/

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 15, 2015 4:25 pm 
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The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development today raised an alarm over the unusual high mortality in two poultry farms and live bird markets in Kano and Lagos States expressing fears over a possible outbreak of Avian influenza, known informally as Avian flu or bird flu, Punch reports.

According to the ministry, the samples forwarded to the National Veterinary Research Institute tested positive for H5 strain of bird flu, adding that confirmatory samples were sent to the International Reference Laboratory in Padova, Italy, for further clarification.

The ministry disclosed that it had taken some measures in the affected sites to contain the reported outbreaks.

The ministry further said it had quarantined the infected premises and placed restriction of movement of poultry and poultry products into and out of areas around infected premises.

“All state directors of veterinary services and the Federal Capital Territory, Poultry Association of Nigeria and other stakeholders have been informed and advised to be on alert with intensified bio-security measures to avert possible spread of the disease to other states.

“The World Organisation for Animal Health and Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resource and development partners have been appropriately notified in compliance with our statutory international obligations.” The statement said.

It added that it had ensured immediate reactivation of all animal health component of the Emergency Preparedness Plan on bird flu for Nigeria, adding that the conduct of surveillance activities around infected areas to determine the level of spread of the disease was being undertaken.

it said, “All stakeholders in the poultry industry are urged to enhance hygienic practices (bio-security measures) which include, but not limited to, regular disinfection, proper disposal of dead carcasses and poultry products and timely reporting of mortalities in poultry and other bird species to veterinary authorities.

“We wish to assure the public that, given our experiences in handling previous outbreaks and with your full cooperation in the implementation of containment measures, we are determined to contain this disease again within a short time. We will keep you informed as events unfold.”

It will be recalled that last year, the Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN) allayed public fear about bird flu in eggs.

http://www.naij.com/363118-bird-flu-back.html

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