Rhiza Labs FluTracker Forum

The place to discuss the flu
It is currently Mon Oct 23, 2017 7:44 am

All times are UTC - 5 hours [ DST ]




Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 8 posts ] 
Author Message
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 5:22 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Today's OIE report on the confirmation of HPAI H5 in Kano, Nigeria raises concerns that Fujian H5N8 has migrated into the area in early 2015, as Qinghai H5N1 migrated to west Africa in early 2006. H5N1 was rapidly spreading in northern Nigeria in January / February, 2006, including Kano, where H5 was detected in January 2015. The H5 in Kano in 2015 is very lethal to poultry and there have been no H5N1 reports for Nigeria since 2008.

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 5:38 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Information received on 09/01/2015 from Dr Abdulganiyu Abubakar, Chief Veterinary Officer, Federal Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 02/01/2015
Date of pre-confirmation of the event 08/01/2015
Report date 09/01/2015
Date submitted to OIE 09/01/2015
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 27/07/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Suspicion, Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Kurna, Dala, KANO
Date of start of the outbreak 02/01/2015
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1568 1568 1370 0 198
Affected population A backyard poultry farm consisting of 22-week-old layers, 10-week-old growers and 4-week-old broilers.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 1568 1568 1370 0 198
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 100.00% 87.37% 87.37% 100.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
Unknown or inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied
Quarantine
Vaccination prohibited
No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI) (National laboratory) Birds polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 08/01/2015 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=16926

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 5:42 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Immediate notification report
Report reference: , Ref OIE: 4494, Report Date: 08/02/2006 , Country: Nigeria
Report Summary
Disease Highly pathogenic avian influenza Animal type Terrestrial
Causal Agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus Serotype(s) H5N1
Clinical Signs Yes Reason First occurrence of listed disease
Date of confirmation of Event 06/02/2006 Date of Start of Event 10/01/2006
Date of report 08/02/2006 Diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
Number of reported outbreaks Submitted= 1, Draft= 0 Name of Sender of the report Dr Junaidu A. Maina
Address Area 11, P.O.Box 135

Garki, Abuja,

Nigeria ABUJA FCT
Position Director
Telephone (234) 9 3142319
Fax (234) 9 5240126
Email director@fedlivestock.gov.ng
Entered by Mme Maria Cristinna Ramirez
Outbreak (this report - submitted)
State Local Government District Unit Type Location Latitude Longitude Start End
KADUNA Igabi Farm Jaji 10,7833 7,7666 10/01/2006
Species Measuring units Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds Animals 46000 42000 40000 ... 0
Affected Population
A commercial poultry layer production unit with poultry kept in battery cages. The farm has a mixture of different breeds of birds sourced from different places within the country. Some ostriches are also kept at the farm.
Outbreak summary: Total outbreaks = 1 (Submitted)
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 46000 42000 40000 0
Epidemiology
Epidemiological comments
Since the confirmation of the presence of the disease, the emergency plan against the disease has been activated.
Detailed epidemiological investigations are being carried out all over the country to determine the source of the infection and prevent its spread.
Source of Infection • Unknown or inconclusive
Control Measures
Applied • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
• Quarantine
• Stamping out
To be applied • Movement control inside the country
Animals treated Yes
Vaccination Prohibited Yes
Treatment Details Birds were treated by the owner with broad-spectrum antibiotics before confirmation of infection.
Country / Zone
Country or zone the whole country
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory Type Name of Laboratory Species Test Type Date Results Provided Result
OIE’s Reference Laboratory Padova, Italy Birds virus sequencing 07/02/2006 Positive
OIE’s Reference Laboratory Padova, Italy Birds polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 07/02/2006 Positive
OIE’s Reference Laboratory Padova, Italy Birds haemagglutination inhibition test (HIT) 07/02/2006 Positive
OIE’s Reference Laboratory Padova, Italy Birds neuraminidase inhibition assay 07/02/2006 Positive
OIE’s Reference Laboratory Padova, Italy Birds real-time PCR 07/02/2006 Positive
National laboratory National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria Birds virus isolation 06/02/2006 Positive
National laboratory National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Nigeria Birds agar-gel immunodiffusion (AGID) 06/02/2006 Positive
Future Reporting
What further reports will be submitted in relation to this event?
There are 7outbreaks that are still recorded as unresolved. It is not possible to declare this event resolved until these individual outbreaks are resolved.
Immediate notification report. Report reference: , Ref OIE: 4494, Report Date: 08/02/2006 , Country: Nigeria
Printed on: Wed Jan 10 18:09:45 Paris, Madrid 2007 Page




http://web.oie.int/wahis/reports/en_imm ... 180945.pdf

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 5:48 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Nigerian OIE Report on January 10 H5N1 Outbreak

Recombinomics Commentary
February 8, 2006

Date of first confirmation of the event: 6 February 2006.

Date of start of the event: 10 January 2006.

Total number of susceptible animals in the outbreak: 46,000 (poultry).

Number of cases: 42,000.

Number of deaths: 40,000.


The above information from the Nigerian OIE report indicates the H5N1 outbreak began on January 10 and affected the vast majority of the susceptible animals. The delay in reporting and confirming has led to significant spread, since now 40% of the farms in the area are affected.

The delay also encouraged other countries in the Middle East and Africa to deny H5N1 infections. Culling has begun in the Middle East in regions adjacent to Turkey, although the countries culling deny H5N1 infections.

Similarly, countries in northern and eastern Africa have denied H5N1 involvement in die offs of wild and domestic birds, which allows H5N1 to spread among densely populated poultry, leading to more dual infections, recombination, and novel H5N1 sequences.

This spread was very predictable base on migration patterns of species known to be H5N1 positive, yet the cover-ups continue. Only Iraq has filed an H5N1 OIE report from the Middle East, although Iran is investigating swan deaths.

WHO has added authority to investigate suspect outbreaks, but they have failed to identify any unreported outbreaks in the Middle East and it is not clear that they have looked in Africa.

H5N1 is rapidly expanding its geographical reach as WHO issues hopes and dreams regarding a lack of human-to-humans transmission and "discounting" of human cases in countries where H5N1 was not been reported in poultry.,,,,,,

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/02080 ... a_OIE.html

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 5:57 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
H5N1 Spread in Nigeria

Recombinomics Commentary
February 8, 2006

More than 150,000 birds have died recently in what vets thought was Newcastle disease, a common ailment among birds in the region.

Nigeria's National Veterinary Institute said 40% of poultry farmers have been affected by an illness.

Farmers in the northern town of Kano are holding an emergency meeting to try to halt its spread.

Commercial farms have been badly affected with one in Kano losing some 60,000 chickens.


The above comments indicate H5N1 is rapidly spreading in Nigeria and killing off large numbers of birds. This highly pathogenic version of H5N1 has never been reported in Africa, although the migratory path from Siberia to Africa suggests that many countries in Africa and the Middle East have H5N1, but have not reported cases.

The migration to Africa was predicted by the species in Siberia that were H5N1 positive. These birds winter in Africa in a band stretching across Africa just north of the equator, where the current outbreak has been reported.

Although birds have been dying across Africa and the Middle East since October, the first report from the Middle Eastern countries was filed Friday by Iraq. Nigeria is the first country in Africa to file.......

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/02080 ... pread.html

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Sat Jan 10, 2015 12:52 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Commentary

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/01101 ... geria.html

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Sat Jan 10, 2015 2:45 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Published Date: 2015-01-10 13:39:35
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (03): Nigeria (KN) poultry, HPAI H5, OIE
Archive Number: 20150110.3083730

AVIAN INFLUENZA (03): NIGERIA (KANO) POULTRY, HPAI H5, OIE
**********************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

Date: Fri 9 Jan 2015
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly disease information 2015; 28(03) [edited]
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=16926


Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Nigeria
------------------------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 9 Jan 2015 from Dr Abdulganiyu Abubakar, Chief Veterinary Officer, Federal Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 2 Jan 2015
Date of pre-confirmation of the event: 8 Jan 2015
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 27 Jul 2008
Manifestation of disease: clinical infection
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype: H5
Nature of diagnosis: suspicion, clinical, laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Kurna, Dala, Kano
Date of start of the outbreak: 2 Jan 2015
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: farm
Affected animals:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered
Birds / 1568 / 1568 / 1370 / 0 / 198
Affected population: a backyard poultry farm consisting of 22-week-old layers, 10-week-old growers, and 4-week-old broilers.

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds / 100 / 87.37 / 87.37 / 100
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction, and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: quarantine; vaccination prohibited; no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: no other measures

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type:
National Veterinary Research Institute (national laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result:
Birds / polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 8 Jan 2015 / Positive

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Between 2006 and 2008, 298 outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza were reported in Nigeria: 143 outbreaks in 2006; 151 in 2007, and 4 in 2008. H5N1 was the subtype identified for all cases.

See Nigeria's 2006 annual report to OIE at http://tinyurl.com/kjo2b7j, the 2007 report at http://tinyurl.com/m8p6a4r, and the 2008 report at http://tinyurl.com/luxfmdy. (Note: go to Section 3 of the report named "Detailed quantitative information for OIE-listed diseases/infections present" for information on these outbreaks).

Subscribers may find it interesting to read the document titled "Qualitative risk assessment on the transmission of HPAI (H5N1) virus, from backyard and medium-scale commercial farms to household free-range poultry in Nigeria", published in 2010 by "International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and Royal Veterinary College (RVC)." According to this assessment, "The Nigerian poultry industry, comprising both commercial and rural poultry systems, experienced the 1st highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 outbreak in 2006. This industry provides an affordable source of protein to millions of Nigerians through poultry eggs and meat. The rural poultry production system is essential in poverty alleviation, food security, and the promotion of gender equity, while meeting important social and cultural needs and obligations of Nigerians. In addition to the death and culling of thousands of poultry, HPAI in Nigeria negatively affected poultry farmers, farm attendants, feed millers, animal health service providers, poultry product sellers, poultry processors, mixing/grinding machine fabricators, and other poultry input providers. There was also a drop in the consumption, demand, and price of poultry and poultry products, an increase in unemployment, loss of income, and increases in the cost of other sources of protein such as fish and beef. Highly pathogenic avian influenza in Nigeria has resulted in one known human fatality and a risk of contamination of underground drinking water where depopulated poultry have been buried." See complete document at http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/file ... igeria.pdf. - Mod.CRD

Maps of Nigeria can be seen at http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/ma ... igeria.pdf and http://healthmap.org/promed/p/887. - Sr.Tech.Ed.MJ]

See Also

Avian influenza (02): USA (WA) HPAI H5N2, backyard flock 20150110.3083028
Avian influenza, human (08): Egypt, H5N1, mutations 20150109.3082553
Avian influenza (01): USA (WA) backyard poultry, HPAI H5N2, OIE 20150109.3082193
Avian influenza, human (07): China (GD) H7N9 20150109.3080184
Avian influenza, human (06): Egypt H5N1, China (GD) H7N9 20150107.3077378
Avian influenza, human (05): China (SZ, GD) H7N9 20150106.3075021
Avian influenza, human (04): Egypt (MF, GZ) fatal, China (HK) 20150105.3072586
Avian influenza, human (03): Egypt (AN, Cairo, MF) fatal, H5N1 20150103.3069160
Avian influenza, human (02): China (HK,GD) LPAI H7N9, poultry, control, OIE 20150102.3067796
Avian influenza, human (01): Libya, fatal, H5N1 susp, RFI 20150101.3061029
2014
----
Avian influenza, human (133): Libya, fatal, H5N1 susp 20141228.3058834
Avian influenza, human (132): Egypt (AN) H5N1, fatal 20141225.3055022
Avian influenza, human (131): China, H7N9, new cases 20141225.3054833
Avian influenza, human (130): China (GD) H5N6, 2nd case 20141224.3053118
Avian influenza, human (01): Taiwan ex China (JS) H7N9 20140101.2146799
Avian influenza (121): Japan (YC) H5N8, S Korea (Seoul) poultry, RFI 20141231.3063910
Avian influenza (120): Canada (BC) HPAI, poultry 20141228.3058007
Avian influenza (119): Viet Nam, HPAI H5N1 & H5N6, spread 20141227.3057877
Avian influenza (118): Taiwan (IL) poultry, LPAI H5, OIE 20141227.3056797
Avian influenza (117): Europe, HPAI H5N8 & H5N1, routes of spread 20141227.3056665
Avian influenza (116): Russia (SA) HPAI H5N8, wild bird, OIE 20141226.3056459
Avian influenza, human (115): Egypt (AT,MN) H5N1, new cases 20141116.2960328
Avian influenza (110): USA (WA) wild birds, HPAI H5N8, H5N2, OIE 20141217.3037995
Avian influenza (100): Netherlands, HPAI H5, migratory birds, RFI 20141203.3008120
Avian influenza (50): Japan (KM) HPAI H5, poultry, OIE 20140415.2405814
Avian influenza, human (25): Egypt (DK) H5N1, RFI 20140120.2184238
Avian influenza (01): China (GZ) HPAI H5N1, poultry 20140103.2149620
2013
----
Avian influenza (75): Egypt, H5N1, poultry, update 20130625.1790894
2008
----
Avian influenza (91): Nigeria, FAO 20080811.2483
Avian influenza (89): S Korea, Nigeria OIE, UK 2007 20080729.2314
Avian influenza (33): Nigeria 20080211.0552
2007
----
Avian influenza (184): Poland, Nigeria 20071210.3984
Avian influenza (159): Nigeria (Nasarawa) 20070921.3136
Avian influenza (87): Nigeria, India (RFI), Pakistan 20070526.1680
Avian influenza (55): Nigeria, VietNam, Myanmar, Japan, Thailand 20070320.0986
Avian influenza (54): Egypt, Nigeria, China (Jiangsu): RFI 20070317.0938
Avian influenza, human (30): Nigeria, WHO 20070206.0466
Avian influenza, human (27): Nigeria 20070131.0397
Avian influenza, human (21): Nigeria, susp 20070127.0359
Avian influenza (15): China, Japan, Thailand, Nigeria, Hungary 20070124.0313
Avian influenza (05): Nigeria (Sokoto, Katsina) 20070113.0172
Avian influenza (04): Nigeria 20070111.0130
2006
----
Avian influenza (220): Nigeria, China, S. Korea, Viet Nam 20061221.3579
Avian influenza (155) - Nigeria 20060711.1897
Avian influenza (153) - Nigeria: multiple strains 20060707.1864
.................................................crd/mj/dk

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=3083730

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Mon Jan 12, 2015 8:37 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Avian flu outbreaks reported on four continents
Filed Under: Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
Robert Roos | News Editor | CIDRAP News | Jan 12, 2015

What appears to be the first detection of avian flu subtype H5N8 in Taiwan leads a long list of avian flu outbreaks reported in Asia, Europe, North America, and Africa in the past few days.

The incidents involved three avian flu subtypes and affected birds in Japan, China, Nigeria, Canada, and Germany. Media reports said Taiwan authorities reported finding not only an H5N8 outbreak but also a new strain of H5N2 virus, but they gave few details.

Taiwan outbreaks
In a report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) yesterday, Taiwan authorities said H5N8 killed 3,683 of 5,200 breeding geese in Chiayi County. Officials said plans call for culling the rest of the geese and putting farms within 3 kilometers of the outbreak under intensified surveillance for 3 months.

The OIE report did not make clear whether this was the first H5N8 outbreak in Taiwan, but Taiwan officials quoted in stories from Taiwan's Central News Agency (CNA) and the Chinese news agency Xinhua said it was.

Taiwan's Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine (BAPHIQ) said the virus was similar to the H5N8 that caused widespread outbreaks in South Korea in 2014, according to a Jan 11 CNA story. H5N8 viruses have also sparked outbreaks in Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, and Japan in the past few months.

The BAPHIQ also said a new strain of H5N2 struck four goose farms in Yunlin County, where 6,000 geese were being culled, according to CNA.

The bureau said the conclusion that both viruses were new to Taiwan was based on lab tests of tissue samples collected from 23 goose farms and one duck egg farm, the story said.

The story also said H5N2 was confirmed on a duck egg farm in Pingtung County, triggering plans to cull 7,000 ducks there. Two days earlier, on Jan 9, CNA had reported an H5N2 outbreak on a large commercial chicken farm in the same county, forcing the culling of 120,000 chickens.

Meanwhile in Japan, an H5N8 virus was found in a wild hooded crane in Kagoshima prefecture, authorities told the OIE in a Jan 9 report. It said sequencing of the virus's hemagglutinin (the H5 region) suggested it was a highly pathogenic strain.

The report also noted that some Japanese farms that were involved in H5N8 outbreaks last fall are now free of the virus.

Also on the H5N8 front, German authorities confirmed earlier media reports of infected storks at the Rostock Zoo in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a northeastern state. In a Jan 9 report to the OIE, officials said three white storks died of H5N8 infections. It said 39 of the zoo's 496 birds, including the storks, were destroyed to stop the virus.

Outbreaks in China, Nigeria, Canada
In still another Jan 9 OIE report, Chinese officials said an H5N1 outbreak killed 2,371 poultry in a flock of 20,483, forcing the destruction of the rest of the birds. It didn't say what kind of birds they were. The source of the virus was unknown.

In Nigeria, a backyard poultry flock in the north-central province of Kano was hit by an H5 virus, according to another OIE report filed Jan 9. It said 1,370 birds died, and the remaining 198 were killed to control the outbreak. The report didn't list the full subtype of the virus.

In Canada, British Columbian officials reported an H5N2 outbreak in a small flock of mixed poultry at Langley, near where several commercial poultry farms were hit by the virus late in 2014.

There were 12 cases, including 3 deaths, in an 85-bird hobby flock that included breeder ducks, geese, chickens, and turkeys, officials told the OIE in a Jan 8 report. The surviving birds were culled.

The report also noted that depopulation of the commercial poultry farms affected by the recent outbreaks was completed Dec 20 and that cleaning and disinfection was under way.

See also:

Jan 11 Taiwan report to OIE

Jan 11 CNA story on Taiwan outbreaks

Jan 9 OIE report on H5N8 in Japan

Jan 9 OIE report on H5N8 in Germany

Jan 9 OIE report on H5N1 in China

Jan 9 OIE report on H5 outbreak in Nigeria

Jan 8 OIE report on H5N2 in British Columbia

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspect ... continents

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 8 posts ] 

All times are UTC - 5 hours [ DST ]


Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Yahoo [Bot] and 71 guests


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Search for:
Jump to:  
cron
Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Group