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PostPosted: Thu Jan 01, 2015 8:48 am 
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Egypt has reported 2 new H5N1 cases, a 6F in Giza and 45M in Menoufiya.

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 01, 2015 8:49 am 
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Two new cases of bird flu in Egypt have brought the total number of cases in the past year to 29, the health ministry said on Thursday.
A six-year-old child from Giza governorate, one of the infected cases, suffered from fever and a cough, before being transferred to hospital. The laboratory's sample showed her condition was critical, according to the health ministry statement.

The other case, a 45-year-old man from the Nile Delta city of Menoufiya, suffered from pneumonia, was referred to the intensive care unit and placed under the medical ventilator.

On Wednesday, a woman in her late 30s died of bird flu.

According to official figures, 11 people have died of bird flu infections nationwide in 2014, 12 have been treated and six are still receiving treatment.

The health ministry reiterated its calls for people who handle poultry to seek immediate treatment once flu symptoms start to appear, while strictly advising them to cover their noses and mouths when they deal with any kind of domesticated birds.

In Egypt, most cases of bird flu have been identified in rural areas, where villagers tend to raise poultry in their homes, increasing exposure to live or dead infected birds.

Bird flu first appeared in Egypt in 2006.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent ... --in-.aspx?

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 01, 2015 9:57 am 
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Victims «bird flu» in 2014 .. wounding 29 civilians and claimed the lives of 11 .. increase the number of people injured in December .. continuation of backyard birds and a major cause .. «Health»: Early treatment raises cure rates

Thursday 01 / January / 2015 - 14:45

Cause of avian influenza in claimed the lives of 11 civilians and wounded 29 over the 2014 elapsed as announced Ministry of Health have recovered 12 cases, and still there are six cases under treatment, including 11 deaths, have also increased the incidence in the month of December at the end of the year.

Limited to cases
In the inventory of some cases of models over the year, including a child at the age of 3 years of Giza and the injury of a citizen at the age of 42 years of Helwan area in Cairo, and the old lady of 25 years of the province of Minya, and was suffering from fever, cough, and pain Body and injured a child at the age of 5 years from the Nuba victory of Aswan suffering from (fever, cough, sore throat, difficulty breathing).

Citizen at the age of 42 years in Sohag Governorate and the old lady 42 years of Belina Sohag management, Fella at the age of 3 years of Samalout management, Minya Governorate and a girl at the age of 6 years in Giza Governorate were wounded and injured a man at the age of 45-year-old center Ashmun Menofia.

Home education
For his part, Dr. Amr Kandil, head of preventive medicine sector, that the cause of the increased incidence of bird flu is the education parents home for birds and left roaming the house and out to the street with the denial of the existence of the birds when you make a fact to determine the causes of injury.

He pointed out that the most vulnerable to infection with bird flu are workers legalize the sale of birds and workers on farms, also abound of cases in the countryside than in urban areas, adding that the man get sick when contact with infected birds, dead or sound outwardly and most human cases in rural areas as a result of leaving Poultry loose play by children.

Tips for prevention
Kandil and face some tips for citizens, including the commitment of laundering hands with soap and water and health way and cover your nose and mouth when you need to deal with the birds, with the use of the means of prevention, such as the headscarf, and masks, gloves, and boots, "In addition to keeping children away from dealing with the bird and not take them to places of education or slaughter and go to the nearest hospital or clinic when you receive any special display of influenza for those who are dealing with the bird either education or slaughtering or cleaning.

And confirmed the existence of anti-viral treatment, a drug "Tamiflu", which alleviates the symptoms and complications of the disease, stressing that the treatment starts early in within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms and the available drug "Tamiflu" all of the Ministry of Health and medical centers, hospitals.

Role of the Media
He stressed that the media is a key partner with the Ministry of Health in the face of the disease, through education, whether audible or visual or print and the need to mention the importance of early orientation to the request of the health service when they feel flu symptoms after exposure to birds, whether slaughtered or sick or dead or remnants of birds and reporting for any deaths in birds.

He explained that the exchange of information, expertise and resources between viruses Ministry of Health laboratories and reference laboratories of the World Health Organization (Namro coefficient 3), which reported preliminary results on December 3, 2014 that the bird flu cases that occurred in November 2014 Genetic screening results "that there are no changes in the virus does not There is mutated and there is no resistance to Tamiflu. "

https://translate.google.com/translate? ... le/1408200

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PostPosted: Thu Jan 01, 2015 9:59 am 
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Health: Results of the analyzes of the central laboratory confirms positive injury case of Giza and the status of the province of Menoufia virus-N5H1
The results of analyzes of the central laboratory in the Ministry of Health and Population injury to the case of virus-N5H1 bird flu to a child at the age of 6 years of Giza province - where he was suffering from the heat - cough, and went sick on 12/28/2014 to the Abbasid viruses were rays of the chest work and show the presence of inflammation pneumonia was suspected in the case as the flu on 12.28.2014, have emerged as a result of a positive sample of the bird flu virus labs central dated 12/30/2014, the general condition of the patient is critical.

The results also confirmed the injury to the N5H1 virus-old man 45 years Menofia Ashmun Township booked Fever Hospital Shebin on 12/29/2014 pneumonia and suspected flu and his health deteriorated and was placed in intensive care on a respirator.

This brings the total number of cases of bird flu becomes through 2014, 29 cases (12 cases healing 0.6 cases under treatment, 11 deaths).

Therefore calls on the Ministry of Health to citizens who deal with poultry immediately go to the nearest hospital for medical service in the case of the emergence of symptoms of influenza them where to receive the injured bird flu drug Tamiflu within the first 24 hours of the onset of symptoms increases the cure rates of disease and reduces death rates and advises the Ministry of Health of citizens who deal with poultry exercise caution and prudence when dealing with birds especially those showing symptoms of sick and need to take preventive measures to prevent infection, such as covering the mouth and nose when dealing with poultry, wash your hands with soap and water after handling birds and not to take children to places of breeding birds or slaughter, as well as the need to separate the birds from the living quarters.

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 02, 2015 12:32 pm 
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Ministry of Health as Oanlt for the death of the case, which had been announced yesterday, which was discovered Ashmun Monofia and infected with bird flu, a male aged 42 years, where the number of deaths during last year's 11 cases.

http://m.youm7.com/story/2015/1/2/%D8%A ... KbGFSvF-oM

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PostPosted: Tue Jan 06, 2015 9:00 am 
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Published Date: 2015-01-05 19:40:44
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza, human (04): Egypt (MF, GZ) fatal, China (HK)
Archive Number: 20150105.3072586

AVIAN INFLUENZA, HUMAN (04): EGYPT (MENOUFIYA, GIZA) FATAL, CHINA (HONG KONG)
*****************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

In this update:
[1] Egypt (Menoufiya): fatality
[2] Egypt (Giza): fatality, H5N1
[3] China (Hong Kong): infection control, LPAI H7N9

******
[1] Egypt (Menoufiya): fatality
Date: Sat 3 Jan 2015
Source: Ahram Online [edited]
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent ... ufiya.aspx


Man dies from bird flu in Egypt's Menoufiya
-------------------------------------------
30 total deaths from the disease in Egypt since January 2014

A 45-year-old man died of avian flu in Menoufiya in the Nile Delta on Sat [3 Jan 2015], bringing the national death toll from the disease since January last year [2014] to 30.

The death was announced by a health ministry official in Menoufiya, Hanaa Sorour, reported Al-Ahram Arabic website. She said that the man was suffering from pneumonia and was referred to intensive care and placed on a ventilator until he succumbed to the disease.

This is the 2nd fatality caused by bird flu in the governorate over the past year [2014], Sorour said.

The health ministry reiterated its calls for those who handle poultry to seek immediate treatment once flu symptoms start to appear, while advising them to cover their noses and mouths when they deal with any kind of domesticated birds.

In Egypt, most cases of bird flu have been in rural areas, where villagers tend to raise poultry in their homes, increasing exposure to live or dead infected birds.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

******
[2] Egypt (Giza): fatality, H5N1
Date: Mon 5 Jan 2015
Source: Reuters [edited]
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/01/ ... YT20150105


Egyptian child dies of H5N1 bird flu, 2nd death this year
---------------------------------------------------------
A 3-year-old Egyptian child died from bird flu on Monday [5 Jan 2015], the 2nd death from the virus in the country this year and the 12th in recent months, the health ministry said.

The child was from the Giza governorate, outside Cairo, the ministry said in a statement carried by state news agency MENA [Middle East and North Africa].

Egypt's H5N1 cases have largely been in poor rural areas in the south, where villagers tend to keep and slaughter poultry in the home.

Three other cases are currently being treated, the ministry said.

A total of 668 laboratory-confirmed human cases of H5N1 infection were reported by 16 countries from 2003 to 2 Oct 2014, according to the World Health Organization [WHO]. Of these cases, 393 have died.

The WHO has warned that whenever bird flu viruses are circulating in poultry, there is a risk of sporadic infections or small clusters of human cases, especially in people exposed to infected birds or contaminated environments.

[Byline: Omar Fahmy]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

******
[3] China (Hong Kong): infection control, LPAI H7N9
Date: Mon 5 Jan 2015
Source: Medical Xpress [edited]
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-01-i ... -hong.html


A proactive infection prevention plan implemented widely in a Hong Kong healthcare system was a significant factor preventing the spread of influenza strain A H7N9, otherwise known as avian flu. The study was published in the January [2015] issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA).

"The emergence of A H7N9 influenza in March 2013 posed a public health threat both locally and internationally because of the risk for airborne transmission," said K.Y. Yuen, MD, FRCPath, a lead author of the study. "Despite the delay in airborne precaution implementation, we suspect that high hand hygiene compliance, as a result of continuous implementation of proactive control measures against various viruses and multidrug-resistant organisms, protected frontline healthcare workers against many challenges of emerging infectious diseases."

Risk for person-to-person transmission in A H7N9 is lower compared to other viruses, including certain influenza strains, but some cases were identified as being spread between relatives. The strain is associated with high mortality and morbidity.

Researchers examined the effectiveness of preparedness measures in controlling the spread of the virus at Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong for 13 months (April 2013-May 2014). Infection control staff implemented an integrated approach, utilizing active and enhanced surveillance, early airborne infection isolation, rapid molecular diagnostic testing, and extensive tracing for healthcare workers with unprotected exposure. Additionally, open forum sessions were conducted to brief frontline staff on proper protocols.

During the study period, 126 of 163 456 admitted patients were tested for the strain, and 2 cases tested positive for A H7N9 influenza. 70 healthcare workers had unprotected exposure during patient care activities by not wearing an N95 respirator during aerosol-generating procedures. However, most of the healthcare workers exposed complied with standard precautions, including wearing a surgical mask and performing hand hygiene. No staff tested positive for the strain.

"As we look at lessons learned from this outbreak, the high false-positive screening rate and other delays in diagnosis may have resulted in unprotected exposure of frontline staff. However, enhanced surveillance methods appeared to be an important safety net for the detection of A H7N9," said Yuen.

More information: Vincent C. C. Cheng, Josepha W. M. Tai, W. M. Lee, W. M. Chan, Sally C. Y. Wong, Jonathan H. K. Chen, Rosana W. S. Poon, Kelvin K. W. To, Jasper F. W. Chan, P. L. Ho, K. H. Chan, K. Y. Yuen. "Infection Control Preparedness for Human Infection With Influenza A H7N9 in Hong Kong." Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology [0:1] (January 2015). [Can be accessed at http://www.shea-online.org/View/Article ... pital.aspx. - Mod.LK]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Egypt is available at http://healthmap.org/promed/p/55.

A map of Hong Kong can be accessed at https://www.google.com.hk/maps/@22.38131,114.168639,11z. - Mod.LK]

See Also

Avian influenza, human (03): Egypt (AN, Cairo, MF) fatal, H5N1 20150103.3069160
Avian influenza, human (02): China (HK,GD) LPAI H7N9, poultry, control, OIE 20150102.3067796
Avian influenza, human (01): Libya, fatal, H5N1 susp, RFI 20150101.3061029
2014
----
Avian influenza, human (133): Libya, fatal, H5N1 susp 20141228.3058834
Avian influenza, human (132): Egypt (AN) H5N1, fatal 20141225.3055022
Avian influenza, human (129): Egypt (SJ) fatal case 20141224.3051603
Avian influenza, human (127): Egypt (AT) H5N1, fatal 20141219.3042397
Avian influenza, human (126): Egypt (SJ) H5N1, 8th death 20141212.3030546
Avian influenza, human (123): Egypt (SJ) H5N1, child 20141207.3017616
Avian influenza, human (122): Egypt (MN,BN) H5N1, fatalities 20141202.3006388
Avian influenza, human (117): Egypt (MN) H5N1, 8th case in 2014 20141119.2969552
Avian influenza, human (116): Egypt (AT) H5N1, new fatality 20141118.2965663
Avian influenza, human (115): Egypt (AT,MN) H5N1, new cases 20141116.2960328
Avian influenza, human (112): Egypt, H5N1 seroprevalence 20141101.2921788
Avian influenza, human (107): Egypt (JZ) H5N1, infant 20141001.2822498
Avian influenza, human (103): Egypt, H5N1 20140628.2571119
Avian influenza, human (91): Egypt, H5N1 20140406.2385849
Avian influenza, human (88): Egypt, H5N1, RFI 20140324.2353435
Avian influenza, human (25): Egypt (DK) H5N1, RFI 20140120.2184238
.................................................sb/lk/je/jw

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=3072586

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PostPosted: Tue Jan 13, 2015 9:47 am 
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Thread on Giza cluster

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