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PostPosted: Wed Dec 03, 2014 9:19 pm 
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CIFA update has indicated the broiler chickens in the two newly quarantined farms were symptomatic, increasing the liklihood of H5N8 involvement.
Update = media ports cite H5N2
http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/ter ... 7644590985

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 03, 2014 9:20 pm 
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CFIA continues avian influenza investigation in British Columbia
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is continuing its investigation into an outbreak of avian influenza on two farms in British Columbia's Fraser Valley.

The two farms continue to be under quarantine to control disease spread, and two additional farms in the Fraser Valley have been placed under quarantine today. These farms were determined to be at high risk since they received birds from one of the original farms. Birds on these new farms were also showing signs of illness.

As avian influenza is highly contagious and can spread rapidly, it is possible that additional at-risk farms may be identified in the coming days. Poultry farmers are encouraged to report any suspicious symptoms to the CFIA.

The CFIA will continue to advise the public and the poultry industry if additional farms are confirmed to be affected.

Testing continues in order to confirm pathogenicity. Results are expected within days.

In the coming days, the CFIA will humanely euthanize and dispose of all birds on the infected premises in accordance with provincial environmental regulations and internationally accepted disease control guidelines.

When animals affected by a disease are ordered destroyed by the CFIA under the Health of Animals Act, the farmer is also informed that they will receive compensation. The CFIA is dedicated to working directly with affected producers so that the compensation process runs as smoothly as possible.

For animals ordered destroyed, the CFIA bases compensation amounts on the animal's market value (up to a maximum amount as stipulated in the Compensation for Destroyed Animals Regulations), taking into consideration factors such as genetic background, age and production records. For example, a normal eating chicken is assigned a rate of $20 per bird, a breeding chicken is $1200 per bird, a turkey is $70 per bird, and a breeding turkey is $1050 per bird. Please refer to the Schedule in the Regulations for accurate amounts.

Normally, a producer can expect compensation in 6 to 10 weeks.

Beyond the CFIA's compensation, other financial assistance may be available through programs administered by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, and, in some cases, provincial or territorial governments. Costs and losses considered by these programs may include business disruption and other extraordinary costs incurred due to disease.

Avian influenza viruses do not pose risks to food safety when poultry and poultry products are properly handled and cooked. Avian influenza rarely affects humans that do not have consistent contact with infected birds. Public health authorities stand ready to take precautionary measures as warranted.

The CFIA has mobilized all available resources to manage this situation. The Agency continues to work closely with the Province of British Columbia, the owners of the infected birds, and the poultry industry to manage this outbreak.

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 03, 2014 9:44 pm 
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Map updated

https://mapsengine.google.com/map/edit? ... IjI0Pz2tn8

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 03, 2014 10:14 pm 
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Commentary

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/12041 ... pread.html

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 03, 2014 11:41 pm 
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@marymacarthur: CFIA chief vet Dr. Harpreet Kochhar said "very virulent" form of avian influenza. 2 barns confirmed, 2 suspected, may expect more. #birdflu

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PostPosted: Thu Dec 04, 2014 12:05 pm 
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Information received on 03/12/2014 from Dr Martine Dubuc, OIE Delegate for Canada, Chief Food Safety Officer Vice-President, Science Branch, Health Ministry, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, Canada


Summary

Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 30/11/2014
Date of pre-confirmation of the event 01/12/2014
Report date 03/12/2014
Date submitted to OIE 03/12/2014
Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence 01/2008
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Avian influenza virus
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country



New outbreaks (2)



Outbreak 1 (BC-2014-NAI-001) Chilliwack, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Date of start of the outbreak 30/11/2014
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 7000 700 700 0 0

Affected population Chicken broiler breeder farm (3 barns). The affected barn holds a flock of 24 weeks of age. Two adjacent barns, not affected, one with a flock of 47 weeks of age and one of a 1 week old pullet flock.



Outbreak 2 (BC-2014-NAI-002) Abbotsford, BRITISH COLUMBIA
Date of start of the outbreak 30/11/2014
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 11000 5500 5500 0 0

Affected population Meat turkey farm 83 days of age



Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 18000 6200 6200 0 0

Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds 34.44% 34.44% 100.00% 34.44%

*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter


Epidemiology

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments Important note: Although this event is reported as highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), full subtyping and pathogenicity index (IVPI) are not yet completed. Reporting as HPAI is based on preliminary testing and clinical signs. Sudden high mortality (10% in outbreak in Chilliwack and 50% in outbreak in Abbotsford) within 24-48 hrs. Preliminary testing done at the British Columbia Provincial Laboratory indicates presence of H5 avian influenza virus. Additional testing currently underway at the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease (NCFAD).



Control measures

Measures applied Quarantine
Vaccination prohibited
No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied Stamping out

Movement control inside the country

Screening

Zoning

Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)




Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Animal Health Centre, British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 01/12/2014 Positive


Future Reporting

The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... newlang=en

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PostPosted: Thu Dec 04, 2014 12:08 pm 
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Immediate notification report
Report reference: CAN-2014-NAI-001 REF OIE 16660, Report Date: 03/12/2014, Country : Canada
Report Summary
Name of sender of the report Dr Martine Dubuc Telephone +1 613 773 5722
Position OIE Delegate for Canada, Chief Food Safety Officer Vice-President,
Science Branch
Fax +1 613 773 5797
Address Floor 3, Room 349
1400 Merivale Road, Tower 2
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y9 Ottawa
Email martine.dubuc@inspection.gc.ca
Date submitted to OIE 03/12/2014
Animal type Terrestrial Date of report 03/12/2014
Disease Highly pathogenic avian influenza Date of start of the event 30/11/2014
Causal Agent Avian influenza virus Date of pre-confirmation of the
event
01/12/2014
Serotype(s) H5 Date of last occurrence 01/2008
Reason Reoccurrence of a listed disease Diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
Country or zone the whole country Clinical signs Yes
Number of reported outbreaks submitted= 2, Draft= 0
Outbreak details
Province Number of outbreaks District Sub-district Unit Type Location Latitude Longitude Start Date End Date:
BRITISH COLUMBIA-
(this report - submitted)
- Farm Abbotsford 49.052273 -122.30595 30/11/2014
Species Measuring units Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds Animals 11000 5500 5500 0 0
Affected Population Meat turkey farm 83 days of age
Province Number of outbreaks District Sub-district Unit Type Location Latitude Longitude Start Date End Date:
BRITISH COLUMBIA-
(this report - submitted)
- Farm Chilliwack 49.171042 -121.95099 30/11/2014
Species Measuring units Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds Animals 7000 700 700 0 0
Affected Population Chicken broiler breeder farm (3 barns).
The affected barn holds a flock of 24 weeks of age.
Two adjacent barns, not affected, one with a flock of 47 weeks of age and one of a 1 week old pullet flock.
Outbreak summary: Total outbreaks = 2 (Submitted)
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Birds 18000 6200 6200 0 0
Epidemiology
Epidemiological comments
Important note: Although this event is reported as highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), full subtyping and pathogenicity index (IVPI) are not yet completed. Reporting as HPAI is based on preliminary testing and clinical signs.
Sudden high mortality (10% in outbreak in Chilliwack and 50% in outbreak in Abbotsford) within 24-48 hrs. Preliminary testing done at the British Columbia Provincial Laboratory indicates presence of H5 avian influenza virus. Additional testing currently underway at the Canadian
Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease (NCFAD).
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
• Unknown or inconclusive
Measures applied
Applied To be applied
Printed on: Thu Dec 4 12:21:47 CET 2014 Page 1/3Applied To be applied
• quarantine • stamping out
• movement control inside the country
• screening
• zoning
• disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
Animals treated Vaccination Prohibited
No Yes
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory Type Name of Laboratory Species Test Type Date Results Provided Result
Local laboratory Animal Health Centre, British
Columbia Ministry of
Agriculture
Birds real-time reverse
transcriptase/polymerase chain
reaction (RRT-PCR)
01/12/2014 Positive

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public%5C..% ... 122147.pdf

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PostPosted: Thu Dec 04, 2014 5:08 pm 
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#Breaking CFIA says four farms in BC are now confirmed contaminated with H5N2 strain of avian flu.

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PostPosted: Thu Dec 04, 2014 5:10 pm 
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niman wrote:
#Breaking CFIA says four farms in BC are now confirmed contaminated with H5N2 strain of avian flu.

Map updated
https://mapsengine.google.com/map/edit? ... 0Jt6F7NlIM

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PostPosted: Thu Dec 11, 2014 5:43 am 
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UPDATE: Avian flu means turmoil for Chilliwack poultry farmers – Virus found on more farms
Image
CFIA workers at Fraser Valley Duck and Goose in Yarrow in November 2005 when 70,000 birds had to be culled.— Image Credit: Times/File

by Paul J. Henderson - Chilliwack Times
posted Dec 10, 2014 at 12:00 PM— updated Dec 10, 2014 at 1:22 PM
Image
While so far just one Chilliwack poultry producer is directly affected by the recent H5N2 avian influenza outbreak, the impact is felt by all.

“A finding of notifiable avian influenza (H5 or H7 strains) is very difficult for an infected farm owner, and for poultry producers in general,” said Ken Falk, owner of Fraser Valley Specialty Poultry in Yarrow.

“It essentially throws an otherwise orderly and structured industry into turmoil/chaos.”

And Falk should know as his operation was hit hard in both 2004 when the entire Fraser Valley was decimated with avian flu, but again in 2005 when his operation, then known as Fraser Valley Duck and Goose, was hit again.

He’s still frustrated about 2005 when a low pathogenic strain hit his ducks, which are a host adapted species, meaning they did not become symptomatic. As a result of Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) rules implemented after 2004, Falk had to cull 70,000 otherwise healthy birds.

Falk said the CFIA made mistakes in 2004 when it came to containment and they made mistakes later when it came to compensation. He’s been told the programs work now, and he hopes he doesn’t have to test them.

Most recently the CFIA said the entire southern half of British Columbia is now part of an avian influenza “primary control zone,” as a result of an outbreak of the disease on farms in Chilliwack and Abbotsford.

The H5N2 strain was found first at one farm in Chilliwack and one farm in Abbotsford. A few days later two more farms were added to the quarantine list.

On Wednesday, the CFIA reported avian flu was found on two more chicken farms in Abbotsford, and in another barn on an original site. That second barn is a separate business so is treated by the CFIA as a standalone case. The brings the total number of affected farms to eight.

All farms are within eight kilometres of each other.
Image
“Any kind of movement out of the primary control zone will be monitored,” CFIA chief veterinary officer Dr. Harpreet Kochhar said at a technical briefing Monday.

More than 155,000 chickens and turkeys on farms in Chilliwack and Abbotsford have either died from the highly pathogenic H5N2 strain, or have been euthanized.

Kochhar said the creation of a primary control zone is supported by poultry farmers, but will impact the industry. The reason for the zone, he said, is to protect animal health, control disease spread and to minimize trade disruptions outside of the zone.

The move comes as more countries announce a ban on poultry and poultry products from the area. The United States chief veterinarian announced a ban on live and raw poultry from B.C. Bans of varying degrees—as specific as the Fraser Valley and as broad as all of Canada—are now in place from Mexico, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore and South Africa.

The CFIA continues to investigate the source of the disease, but suspicion is squarely on migratory birds.

Some poultry farmers have not been keen to chat about the current outbreak, deferring instead to the BC Poultry Association.

The Times contacted the

Chilliwack farmer whose 13,000 birds had to be euthanized last week, but Chris den Hertog said he preferred not to comment at this time.

Walter Dyck, president of the Chilliwack Agriculture Commission and a poultry farmer for decades, too, deferred comments to the association.

Falk at Fraser Valley Specialty Poultry was forthcoming with his feeling that the government and CFIA did not respond well in 2004. He does try to remain optimistic, however, about the lessons learned.

“Just over one week into the control/eradication efforts and we are faced with a lot more questions than answers,” Falk told the Times. “It will be very difficult for all producers in the coming weeks, but we are committed to work together to bring this to a successful conclusion.”

Certified organic turkey producers Jeff and Carrie Hooge in Greendale are watching their outdoor grazing animals closely.

“We are taking every precautionary measure that we can to prevent the avian influenza from coming into contact on our farm, while still proving an environment in which we can raise our turkeys ethically and while abiding 100 per cent by the Canadian Organic standards,” Carrie said in an email. “We know that lots of Chilliwack residents are passionate about eating local, and we are happy to be able to provide an organic, local and ethical option for their Christmas feast.”

http://www.chilliwacktimes.com/news/285402861.html

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