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|Fujian H5 - 30 Countries Restrict US Poultry
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|Author:||niman [ Fri Jan 09, 2015 7:30 am ]|
|Post subject:||Fujian H5 - 30 Countries Restrict US Poultry|
Detection of Fujian H5 (H5N8 and H5N2) has led to US import restrictions in 30 countries.
|Author:||niman [ Fri Jan 09, 2015 7:31 am ]|
|Post subject:||Re: Fujian H5 - 30 Countries Restrict US Poultry|
Avian flu fear leads 30 nations to restrict U.S. poultry
By CHASE PURDY 1/7/15 3:44 PM EST Updated 1/7/15 6:13 PM EST
Twenty-two countries this week have joined the list of nations banning or applying restrictions to the importation of poultry from the Pacific Northwest over concerns about avian influenza, though the U.S. states involved have experienced only three small, non-commercial brushes with the bird-killing virus.
Mexico and Singapore on Tuesday were among the countries added to the list maintained by USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service. Canada previously had banned poultry from Oregon, but now has stopped accepting poultry from Washington, too.
That brings to 30 the total number of countries that have taken such a position since Dec. 24, including Japan and Peru.
The detections have inspired nervousness among poultry companies and public health officials alike, both of whom know the stakes can be high in the event of a full-on outbreak. They’re also generating plenty of anxiety about poultry exports.
The U.S. poultry industry went on high alert in mid-December, following news that a falcon in Whatcom County, Wash., was infected with H5N8, one of two recently detected strains of the avian flu virus causing concerns. The same strain surfaced in southern Oregon. And then, on Jan. 4., reports emerged that a small, backyard flock of chickens in Washington state was infected with H5N2, prompting the culling of 50 birds.
The news has led USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to notify FSIS that “until further notice … the certification statement referring to the United States as free from [highly pathogenic avian influenza] cannot be endorsed.” FSIS adds, however, that “health certificates with certification statements referring to HPAI freedom in a state, region, zone or area can be endorsed for all states except Oregon and Washington.”
Seventeen of the nations on FSIS’ list have banned poultry from Oregon and Washington, except for Hong Kong and Macedonia, which have narrowed their bans to only poultry coming out of Benton County, Wash. and Douglas County, Ore., respectively. Four countries have placed restrictions only on Oregon poultry.
However, in the case of three export markets — Sri Lanka, South Korea and Thailand — the ban has been applied to all U.S. poultry and poultry products, a response the USDA has criticized as being too extreme.
Avian flu, commonly referred to as bird flu, is an infectious viral disease that mainly effects birds but can potentially cause serious illness in humans. It’s a worldwide problem.
Since December 2014, various strains of avian influenza have been detected in no less than 10 countries, including: Canada (H5N2), China (H5N9), Germany (H5N8), India (H5N1), Italy (H5N8), Japan (H5N8), the Netherlands (H5N8), Russia (H5N8), Great Britain (H5N8) and Vietnam (H5), according to the World Organization for Animal Health. In some of those cases, the virus has been active and routinely monitored by the WHO for up to three months.
Avian flu presents a potential nightmare scenario for poultry farmers. It can strike at random, sometimes from the sky. An errant falcon or migratory duck relieves itself while floating over a farm, and suddenly international poultry trade goes into a frenzy. Once it is found in or even near the farm, entire populations of chickens, turkeys or other birds often must be destroyed and their bodies carefully disposed.
The outbreaks have prompted the culling of massive numbers of chickens across the globe, a survey of international media reports shows. In Japan, last month, a farm culled 4,000 birds after detecting the disease in three of its chickens, the Economic Times reported. In Canada, where officials have been struggling against detections in the commercial sector since before December, more than 200,000 birds have been culled.
However, from the poultry farmers’ perspective, as Mark Jordan, a poultry market analyst with Informa Economics, puts it, “you can’t be a nanny over the birds 24/7.”
“… It’s just like passing illness human to human, any little blip in the system and it’ll find the path of least resistance,” Jordan said. “Once you get it in, and a couple of birds in the flock have contact, then it’s going to go like wildfire.”
Just how avian influenza impacts the market varies. In East Asia, where China and Hong Kong are currently dealing with outbreaks of their own, strains of the virus are adversely impacting human health while many flocks appear asymptomatic. So poultry demand was disrupted but the supply remained stable.
By contrast, a recent case in Mexico devastated flocks, but the strain did not impact human health at all, Jordan said. In that case, supply was disrupted while demand stayed the same.
As of August 2012, the older H5N1 strain was blamed for killing 359 in 12 countries, according to WHO data.
Already, in 2015, various avian influenza strains have been detected in humans in at least five cases, according to the United Nations System Influenza Coordination Office. The virus contributed to the death of a child in Egypt and has left one 58-year-old Chinese man from Guangzhou city hospitalized and in critical condition.
Each detection detonates its own ripple effect in health and trade. But with more cases cropping up, the process of evaluating overall damage remains a waiting game.
The USDA has said that none of the cases in the Pacific Northwest have so far led to illness in humans.
Avian flu has before caused problems with the U.S. poultry industry’s trade efforts. India began restricting poultry imports in 2007 over concerns it claimed to have over avian flu contamination, closing off a market reported to be worth $300 million. India is now preparing to challenge an October ruling by a World Trade Organization panel that the country was acting without sound scientific reasoning. The United States Trade Representative noted in that case that the U.S. has not had an outbreak of HPAI since 2004, while India has had 90 such outbreaks during the same time period.
The U.S. poultry industry and Agriculture Department are urging foreign trade partners to remain calm and consider “sound science” today when deciding whether to place restrictions on U.S. exports. They note that there have yet to be any cases of avian flu contaminating a commercial flock.
Industry giants, such as Tyson, Sanderson and Perdue, take avian flu detections seriously, industry experts say. When flu cases crop up in the country, those companies and APHIS amp up vigilance by increasing the monitoring and testing of flocks.
“Most big companies have developed some type of hazardous protocol to monitor that,” Informa Economic’s Jordan said.
It’s too early to tell how the avian flu cases in the Pacific Northwest will impact the U.S. poultry industry in the long run, but the current situation does underscore how a couple of non-commercial cases can spark a chain reaction of trade restrictions that may wind up costing the poultry industry millions of dollars, said Toby Moore, the vice president for communications at the USA Poultry and Egg Export Council.
Any speculation about how big of a dent it will make to the industry would be purely anecdotal, and export data for January won’t be released by the USDA until March, Moore noted. And even then, deciphering how much those numbers were impacted solely by avian flu will be a guessing game, he said.
But the situation could get worse. More countries could choose to impose restrictions in coming days, which could jeopardize product currently being shipped.
“There’s a lot of loads of product that’s on the water,” Moore said. “A lot of it can be diverted elsewhere, a lot of it can’t. Some countries haven’t made any notice yet, but they have done so in the past.”
Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2015/01/a ... z3OK5Bheus
|Author:||niman [ Fri Jan 09, 2015 7:45 am ]|
|Post subject:||Re: Fujian H5 - 30 Countries Restrict US Poultry|
Note: FSIS has been informed by APHIS that until further notice, due to the finding of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in a backyard flock in Oregon and Washington, the certification statement referring to the United States as free from HPAI cannot be endorsed. Health certificates with certification statements referring to HPAI freedom in a state, region, zone or area can be endorsed for all states except Oregon and Washington. FSIS is updating the individual country export requirements as soon as information is received from APHIS. Meanwhile, while signing export certificates for countries, if there are questions regarding the avian influenza statement on the certificate please call IECPDS at (202) 720 0082 or (855) 444-9904 for clarification.*
Recently Revised Export Requirements
Dominican Republic (Jan 08, 2015)
Singapore (Jan 08, 2015)
Korea, Republic of (Jan 08, 2015)
European Union (Jan 08, 2015)
Hong Kong (Jan 08, 2015)
Taiwan (Jan 07, 2015)
Philippines (Jan 07, 2015)
Mexico (Jan 06, 2015)
Indonesia (Jan 06, 2015)
Canada (Jan 06, 2015)
Nicaragua (Jan 05, 2015)
Barbados (Jan 05, 2015)
Dominica (Jan 05, 2015)
Uruguay (Jan 05, 2015)
Guatemala (Jan 05, 2015)
St. Lucia (Jan 05, 2015)
Curacao (Jan 05, 2015)
Cuba (Jan 05, 2015)
El Salvador (Jan 05, 2015)
Costa Rica (Jan 05, 2015)
Sri Lanka (Jan 05, 2015)
Japan (Jan 05, 2015)
Peru (Jan 05, 2015)
Colombia (Jan 05, 2015)
Belarus (Jan 05, 2015)
Ecuador (Jan 05, 2015)
Turks & Caicos Islands (Jan 05, 2015)
New Zealand (Dec 30, 2014)
Russia (Dec 29, 2014)
Jordan (Dec 24, 2014)
http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsi ... by-country
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