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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 1:51 pm 
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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 1:54 pm 
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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 2:34 pm 
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Commentary

http://www.recombinomics.com/News/01091 ... E_NOT.html

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 9:55 pm 
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Midnight ET Tonight

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
US Human And
Avian Flu Epidemics

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 10:27 pm 
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Published Date: 2015-01-09 19:47:40
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (01): USA (WA) backyard poultry, HPAI H5N2, OIE
Archive Number: 20150109.3082193
AVIAN INFLUENZA (01): USA (WASHINGTON) BACKYARD POULTRY, HPAI H5N2, OIE
***********************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

Date: Wed 7 Jan 2015
Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2015; 28(02) [edited]
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=16914


Highly pathogenic avian influenza, USA
--------------------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 7 Jan 2015 from Dr John Clifford, deputy administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, USA

Summary
Report type: follow-up report No. 1
Date of start of the event: 10 Dec 2014
Date of pre-confirmation of the event: 15 Dec 2014
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2004
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: highly pathogenic avian influenza [HPAI] virus
Serotype: H5N2
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks: Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Benton County, Benton, Washington
Date of start of the outbreak: 24 Dec 2014
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: backyard
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Destroyed / Slaughtered
Birds / 178 / 37 / 37 / 141 / 0
Affected population: The affected premises is a small backyard mixed free-range flock of geese, turkeys, chickens, ducks, and pigeons that are allowed access to the outdoors and regularly exposed to wild migratory waterfowl.

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]:
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds / 20.79 / 20.79 / 100 / 100
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: contact with wild species
Epidemiological comment: The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), in conjunction with State Departments of Agriculture and Wildlife, are continuing to conduct a comprehensive epidemiological investigation and enhanced surveillance in response to the HPAI H5N2 wild bird related event. The USDA APHIS National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) confirmed avian influenza virus (AIV) H5N2 in a backyard mixed flock. Preliminary results indicate that the H5N2 identified is 99 percent similar to the recent H5N2 isolated from the Northern pintail duck. Epidemiological investigation of backyard AIV infected premises as of 6 Jan 2015: 2 high risk epidemiologically linked contact backyard premises have been identified and placed under quarantine. Biological sampling for AIV has been completed and results are pending. Enhanced surveillance in a 10 km [6.2 mile] radius has been implemented. The HPAI H5N2 virus has NOT been found in commercial poultry anywhere in the United States.

Control measures
Measures applied: stamping out; quarantine; movement control inside the country; vaccination prohibited; no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL) (national laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Birds / real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) / 3 Jan 2015 / Positive
Birds / virus sequencing / 3 Jan 2015 / Positive
Birds / virus isolation/ - / Pending

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The enhanced surveillance and increased awareness activities have allowed for the early detection of the virus, which has been limited to findings in wild birds and in small backyard flocks.

The event summaries and updated maps of these detections in the USA are available at http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=16759 and http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=16771.

H5N8 and H5N2 HPAI viruses have not been found in commercial poultry anywhere in the United States. - Mod.CRD

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/6387.]
See Also
2014
----
Avian influenza (115): USA (OR) backyard poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE 20141222.3049031
Avian influenza (112): USA (WA) wild birds, HPAI H5N8, H5N2 20141218.3040607
Avian influenza (110): USA (WA) wild birds, HPAI H5N8, H5N2, OIE 20141217.3037995
Avian influenza (108): USA (WA) H5N2, H5N8, wild birds 20141217.3038018
Avian influenza (109): Canada (BC) HPAI H5N2, poultry 20141217.3038022
Avian influenza (107): Germany (NI) poultry, HPAI H5N8 20141216.3037531
Avian influenza (106): Italy (VN) poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE 20141216.3036371
Avian influenza (104): Canada (BC) HPAI H5N2, poultry, update, OIE 20141210.3024271
Avian influenza (102): Canada (BC) HPAI H5N2, poultry 20141205.3012874
Avian influenza (101): Canada (BC) H5, poultry, RFI, OIE 20141204.3011429
Avian influenza (99): Netherlands (ZH) HPAI H5N8 conf, poultry 20141201.3003249
Avian influenza (98): Netherlands (ZH) H5, poultry 20141130.3000468
Avian influenza (97): HPAI H5N8, Germany, prevention, Japan, wild bird 20141128.2997318
Avian influenza (94): Netherlands (OV) HPAI H5N8, update, alert, OIE, FAO 20141124.2986950
Avian influenza (93): Germany, HPAI H5N8, migratory birds 20141122.2982721
Avian influenza (92): Netherlands (OV) HPAI H5N8, spread, RFI 20141121.2980599
Avian influenza (91): Netherlands (SH), UK (ENG) update, HPAI H5N8, RFI 20141120.2977844
Avian influenza (90): UK (England) domestic duck, HPAI H5N8, control 20141118.2966461
Avian influenza (89): UK (England) domestic duck, HPAI H5, OIE 20141117.2963406
Avian influenza (88): UK (England) domestic duck, H5, HPAI 20141117.2963428
Avian influenza (87): Netherlands (UT) poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE 20141117.2961931
Avian influenza (86): UK (England) domestic duck, H5, RFI 20141117.2961879
Avian influenza (85): Netherlands (UT) poultry, HPAI H5N8 20141116.2960394
Avian influenza (83): Germany (MV) poultry, HPAI H5N8, migratory birds 20141115.2957974
Avian influenza (82): Japan (SM) HPAI H5N8, wild bird, OIE 20141115.2955318
Avian influenza (81): Germany (MV) poultry, HPAI H5N8, genotype 20141114.2955469
Avian influenza (80): Germany (MV) poultry, HPAI H5N8 20141113.2953243
Avian influenza (79): Germany (MV), poultry, HPAI H5N8, OIE 20141106.2934925
Avian influenza (78): China, poultry, HPAI H5N3, H5N8, H5N1, OIE 20141026.2898069
Avian influenza (74): South Korea (CN) HPAI H5N8, duck, reoccurrence, OIE 20140926.2804737
Avian influenza (70): S Korea, HPAI H5N8, over, RFI 20140905.2751562
Avian influenza (65): South Korea (CN) HPAI H5N8, RFI 20140730.2646054
Avian influenza (63): South Korea, HPAI H5N8, RFI 20140619.2552686
Avian influenza (58): Japan (KM) HPAI H5N8, controlled 20140504.2448688
Avian influenza (56): South Korea, HPAI H5N8, geese, OIE, RFI 20140502.2444300
Avian influenza (53): Japan (KM) HPAI H5N8, update 20140421.2419552
Avian influenza (52): Japan (KM) HPAI serotyped H5N8 20140417.2412249
Avian influenza (17): S. Korea, HPAI H5N8, poultry, spread, OIE, N. Korea, RFI 20140210.2268635
Avian influenza (15): South Korea, HPAI H5N8, poultry, wildfowl 20140203.2252563
Avian influenza (12): South Korea, HPAI H5N8, chicken, migratory birds, spread 20140129.2240988
Avian influenza (07): South Korea (CB) HPAI H5N8, duck, OIE 20140120.2185629
Avian influenza (06): South Korea (CB) HPAI H5N8, duck, migratory birds 20140120.2191161
Avian influenza (05): South Korea (CB) HPAI H5N8, duck 20140119.2183768
.................................................crd/je/dk

http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=3082193

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PostPosted: Fri Jan 09, 2015 11:52 pm 
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niman wrote:
Midnight ET Tonight

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
US Human And
Avian Flu Epidemics

http://www.renseradio.com/listenlive.htm

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PostPosted: Sat Jan 10, 2015 9:36 pm 
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niman wrote:
Midnight ET Tonight

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
US Human And
Avian Flu Epidemics

http://rense.gsradio.net:8080/rense/spe ... 010915.mp3

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PostPosted: Tue Jan 13, 2015 7:26 pm 
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Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
California chickens at increased risk for severe ‘bird flu’ strain
January 13, 2015

Owners of backyard chickens who observe illness or increased mortality in their birds should call their veterinarian or the California Department of Food Agriculture. (Courtesy photo)
One California, One UC Davis

UC Davis experts are urging backyard chicken enthusiasts and commercial poultry owners to practice strong biosecurity measures to prevent contact with wild birds, due to highly pathogenic strains of avian influenza recently detected in migratory waterfowl in British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and Butte County, California.

The current detected strains, H5N2 and H5N8, are not a risk to human health and have not been found in commercial poultry in the United States. However, commercial poultry flocks in British Columbia and backyard flocks in Washington and Oregon have been affected.

Avian influenza — commonly called “bird flu” — is a disease found in a wide variety of domesticated and wild birds. Once introduced into an area, infection can spread through bird-to-bird contact or through contact with contaminated clothing, shoes, hands, feed, water or equipment. Because waterfowl are reservoirs for avian influenza strains that can be fatal to domestic poultry (yet often show little to no signs in waterfowl), backyard and commercial chickens raised near areas commonly used by migrating waterfowl are at risk of transmission.

“Due to normal waterfowl migration along the Pacific Flyway, during the winter there are approximately eight times the number of waterfowl in California than what we will see three months from now,” said Maurice Pitesky, a poultry specialist with the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. “There are lots of birds that winter and establish roosting and feeding habitat in California wetlands and agricultural crops. If you are a poultry owner — either backyard or commercial — and live in proximity to waterfowl and their habitat, your birds are at risk.”

Owners of backyard chickens who observe illness or increased mortality in their birds should call their veterinarian or the California Department of Food Agriculture sick bird hotline at (866) 922-2473.

The California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System includes four diagnostic labs in Davis, Turlock, Tulare and San Bernardino. The labs encourage veterinarians and owners of backyard chickens to submit sick or recently dead birds for necropsy (postmortem) examination. The exam is free of charge for California backyard flock owners of fewer than 1,000 birds (chicken, turkey, waterfowl and squabs). For more information, contact (530) 752-8700 or visit the CAFHS website.

Reduce the risk of bird flu

To reduce the risk of avian influenza transmission, chickens should be kept separate from wild birds and monitored for signs of illness or increased mortality. The CDFA also urges owners to take the following necessary and crucial precautions:

If you have a pond or body of water that can attract waterfowl to or near your facility, consider draining if feasible.
Provide housing to confine domestic poultry and/or enclose an exercise area with netting.
Avoid use of water that comes from sources where waterfowl may congregate during migration.
Ideally, owners of poultry should try to avoid waterfowl hunting during migration. Otherwise, ensure clothing, footwear, vehicles, etc. used during hunts are laundered and/or disinfected.
Permit only essential workers and vehicles on premises and provide disposable coveralls, boots and head coverings for visitors.
Clean and disinfect vehicles and equipment entering or leaving the premises.
Control movement associated with the disposal of mortality, litter and manure.
Additional resources

Information on good biosecurity and hygiene precautions to keep backyard flocks healthy can be found at:

UC Cooperative Extension: Backyard Poultry Resources
USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
California Department of Food and Agriculture Avian Health Program
Reports of dead, wild birds can be directed to the Wildlife Investigations Lab at (916) 358-2790. There is also a Web application for submission.

CAHFS at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine

The California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System is the backbone of California’s warning system helping to protect the health of the state’s livestock and poultry. Operated through the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, CAHFS provides appropriate and timely diagnostic support to safeguard the health of California’s dairy, livestock and poultry industries and to protect the public health from animal disease.

UC Davis is growing California

At UC Davis, we and our partners are nourishing our state with food, economic activity and better health, playing a key part in the state’s role as the top national agricultural producer for more than 50 years. UC Davis is participating in UC’s Global Food Initiative launched by UC President Janet Napolitano, harnessing the collective power of UC to help feed the world and steer it on the path to sustainability.

About UC Davis

UC Davis is a global community of individuals united to better humanity and our natural world while seeking solutions to some of our most pressing challenges. Located near the California state capital, UC Davis has more than 34,000 students, and the full-time equivalent of 4,100 faculty and other academics and 17,400 staff. The campus has an annual research budget of over $750 million, a comprehensive health system and about two dozen specialized research centers. The university offers interdisciplinary graduate study and 99 undergraduate majors in four colleges and six professional schools.

Additional information:

Related: UC Davis to lead new USAID program to develop disease-resistant, heat-tolerant chickens for Africa
Related: Chicken gene shines light on cause of craniofacial birth defects
Related: UC Davis awarded $100 million to lead program to predict and prevent pandemic threats
Media contact(s):

Maurice Pitesky, School of Veterinary Medicine, (530) 752-3215, mepitesky@ucdavis.edu
Monique Gunther Garcia, School of Veterinary Medicine, (530) 752-4272, mgunther@ucdavis
Pat Bailey, UC Davis News Service, (530) 752-9843, pjbailey@ucdavis.edu

http://news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_det ... o?id=11137

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