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Lead In Fujian H5 Investigations In US Is USDA
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Author:  niman [ Wed Dec 24, 2014 3:16 am ]
Post subject:  Lead In Fujian H5 Investigations In US Is USDA

In the United States Fujian H5N8 has been detected in a wild bird (wigeon) in Whatcom County, Washington state and a backyard farm (Guinea fowl, chickens, ducks, geese), in Winston, Oregon, while Fujian H5N2 has been detected at Wiser Lake (northern pintail), which is 7 miles from the Fujian H5N2 in commercial and backyard farms in British Columbia, Canada.

H5N8 and H5N2 have the same Fujian H5, which is from H5N1 in Asia.

The USDA takes the lead in H5 investigation and has a number or related documents at its website. USDA has filed OIE reports and noted similarities with H5N8 in Asia, which is also circulating in Europe at an increasing number of countries (Germany, Netherlands, England, Italy) as well as multiple locations in Japan. Sequences from Europe and Japan are closely related to each other and H5 in the United States and Canada.

Author:  niman [ Wed Dec 24, 2014 4:11 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lead In Fujian H5 Investigations In US Is USDA

Avian Influenza
As part of the National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza, which includes both avian influenza and human pandemic preparedness, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) works with its partners on the international and domestic fronts to help control the spread of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza. Learn more about avian influenza and what you can do to protect poultry.

USDA Poultry Surveillance

The National Poultry Improvement PlanThis is an external link or third-party site outside of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) website.
Current Listing of Countries/Areas Affected With HPAI Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

Scenarios and Q&A

Questions and Answers: Avian Influenza

Educating the media and the public about the complexities of avian influenza as a disease among birds is one of USDA's primary communications objectives.

As part of this effort, USDA, in partnership with the Department of Health and Human Services, Department of the Interior, and Department of Homeland Security, have developed three scenarios in the event of a detection and/or outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the United States.

The scenarios are:

Scenario 1 - Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Detection in the United States (PDF, 105KB)
Scenario 2 - Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Detection in Wild Birds (PDF, 94KB)
Scenario 3 - Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Detection in Commercial Poultry (PDF, 100KB)
Each of these scenarios contains a series of key questions and answers about animal health, guidance for the public, as well as a summary of the actions USDA would take in the event of a highly pathogenic avian influenza detection in the United States.

Fact Sheets

Avian Influenza Diagnostics and Testing (PDF, 36KB)
Avian Influenza Responding to Concerns About Influenza Type A Viruses (PDF, 33KB)
AVIAN INFLUENZA: Low-Pathogenicity H5N1 vs. High-Pathogenicity H5N1 - July 23, 2007

Avian Influenza: Protect Your Birds (PDF, 2.7MB)
En Español: Proteja a su ave de la influenza aviar (PDF, 3.2MB)
Avian Influenza Surveillance Plan (PDF, 365KB)
Avian Influenza - USDA Efforts and Response (PDF, 4MB)
En Español: Influenza Aviar Preparativos y Respuesta del USDA (PDF, 228KB)
Avian Influenza-USDA Efforts and Response - Vietnamese (PDF, 271KB)
Imports of Legal Birds and Bird Products (PDF, 346KB)
Smuggling - Keep Bird Flu Out (PDF, 126KB)

CBP Poster: Avian: Don't Smuggle Me... I Could be Sick (PDF, 490KB)
Avian: Bird Flu What You Need To Know (PDF, 63KB)
Video and Audio

We have the power (60 seconds)
We have the power (30 seconds)
Get The Facts (30 seconds)
USDA Avian Influenza PhotosThis is an external link or third-party site outside of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) website. can be viewed on Flickr. Photo inquiries should be sent to user.photo@usda.gov.

Last Date Modified: 06/13/2014

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/ap ... za_disease

Author:  niman [ Wed Dec 24, 2014 4:15 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Lead In Fujian H5 Investigations In US Is USDA

Avian Influenza Disease
Last Modified: Dec 19, 2014 Print
A Threat to U.S. Poultry

Worldwide, there are many strains of avian influenza (AI) virus that can cause varying degrees of clinical illness in poultry. AI viruses can infect chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail, ducks, geese and guinea fowl, as well as a wide variety of other birds. Migratory waterfowl have proved to be a natural reservoir for the less infectious strains of the disease.

AI viruses can be classified as highly pathogenic (HPAI) or low pathogenic (LPAI) strains based on the severity of the illness they cause. HPAI is an extremely infectious and fatal form of the disease that, once established, can spread rapidly from flock to flock and has also been known to affect humans. LPAI typically causes only minor illness, poses no risk to human health, and sometimes manifests no clinical signs. However, some LPAI virus strains are capable of mutating under field conditions into HPAI viruses.

USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) works to keep HPAI from becoming established in the U.S. poultry population.

H5N8 Found in Backyard Poultry in Oregon; Virus not found in commercial poultry in U.S. - No public health concern at this time
USDA Confirms H5 Avian Influenza in Washington State Wild Birds; H5N2 Found in Northern Pintail Ducks & H5N8 Found in Captive Gyrfalcons (December 16, 2014)
H5N2 Import Alert- December 2014
Avian Influenza Pathways Assessment
Avian Influenza Outreach Materials
Live Bird Marketing System Program

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/ap ... za_disease

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