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France H5N8 Risk Increased To Moderate
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Author:  niman [ Thu Nov 27, 2014 12:18 pm ]
Post subject:  France H5N8 Risk Increased To Moderate

Media reports cite the increased risk of H5N8 outbreaks due to confirmed bird cases in Germany, Netherlands, and England, including a wild teal in Germany.

Author:  niman [ Thu Nov 27, 2014 12:18 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: France H5N8 Risk Increased To Moderate

Germany has detected on November 22, the first cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza
(HPAI) H5N8 virus due to wildlife. The case concerns a teal in northern Germany.
After the first three cases reported by Germany, the Netherlands and Great Britain, two new
cases were reported in the Netherlands. The table below summarizes the main information on these homes that were the subject of a total slaughter and traffic restrictions.
Date confirmation Case Number Europe Member State City - Region Number bird Cash - type of production
05/11/2014 1 Vorpommern Germany 31000 Turkeys flesh
11/16/2014 2 Hekendorf Netherlands - Utrecht 150000 Laying hens
11/16/2014 3 United Kingdom 6000 Yorkshire ducks
21/11/2014 4 Ter Aar Netherlands - South Holland 43000 Laying hens
21/11/2014 5 Kamperveen Netherlands - Overijssel 10000 Breeding
HPAI H5N8 is currently circulating in Asia (China, Japan, Korea). According to the ECDC, no cases of transmission of this strain in humans has been reported. The risk is proved for birds but
No major zoonotic risk.
The opinion issued Nov. 21 by ANSES concludes that the risk of introduction of HPAI
H5N8 in France is at least "moderate" and that the probability of occurrence of human cases in the
general population is minimal. Following this advice and if confirmed by Germany in wildlife
wild, the Ministry has decided to revise the level of epizootic risk in the country and the
described as moderate throughout the metropolitan area.
The main measures to moderate risk of avian influenza are:
I need regular. Throughout the metropolitan area:
- Strengthening biosecurity measures (preventing access to food and drinking
wild birds, prohibition to use surface water for cleaning) and all measures
effective to prevent the direct and indirect contact with wild birds;
- Daily vigilance by the holders of birds clinical signs of disease;
- Surveillance of wild birds in certain conditions.
I need regular. N the priority areas at particular risk (see attached map):
- A ban on bird gatherings in these areas and to every bird from these areas
(exceptions may be granted depending on the species, Schedule 6 of the Ministerial Decree of 24 January
- Enhanced measures to protect farms: health inspection by a veterinarian or livestock
safety nets for animals;
- Prohibition of the use of calls for hunting waterfowl.
Platform epidemiological surveillance in animal health (http://www.plateforme-esa.fr) maintains the day
International health and work on the production of new monitoring protocols
allowing it to be more responsive and to have better monitoring began. On early screening is
decisive in this sense early warnings made by the affected countries is welcome.
If the disease is detected in France, the national health emergency response plan will be triggered.

http://agriculture.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/Actu ... 839b63.pdf

Author:  niman [ Fri Nov 28, 2014 12:58 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: France H5N8 Risk Increased To Moderate

Background information on HPAI H5N8 in wild birds, possible source for avian influenza in the Netherlands and other parts of Europe

During the HPAI H5N8 outbreaks in South Korea earlier this year (2014), the virus was detected in poultry, but it was also isolated from wild birds coming from the Donglim Reservoir which is situated in the area where the outbreaks in poultry have occurred (Jeong et al., 2014).

H5N8 HPAI viruses were isolated from carcasses of wild birds and from feces, including from various duck species such as the Baikal Teal ( Anas formosa ), mallard ( Anas platyrhynchos), coot (Fulica atra ) and Taiga Bean Goose (Anser fabalis).

In mid-April 2014, the HPAI H5N8 virus popped up at a poultry farm in Japan. In the context of wild bird monitoring in Japan in fecal samples from small swans ( Cygnus columbianus bewickii shown) HPAI H5N8 virus (ProMEDmail, 2014).

On November 22, 2014 the German Ministry of Agriculture reported that in one shot teal ( Anas crecca ) HPAI H5N8 virus was demonstrated. The duck was shot outside a set 'at risk' (50 km around outbreak in turkeys business in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern).

The aforementioned wild waterfowl have breeding grounds in Siberia. On the breeding grounds, there is an excellent opportunity to exchange and develop flu viruses. Above draw after the breeding season for waterfowl wintering in Europe and to Asia. The wintering countries flu viruses are exchanged by migratory birds and resident waterfowl populations. Teal is this year in several places in the Netherlands, especially in the western Netherlands, observed .

CVI researchers Armin Elbers, Ruth Bouwstra and Guus Koch

http://www.wageningenur.nl/nl/Expertise ... Europa.htm

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