Rhiza Labs FluTracker Forum

The place to discuss the flu
It is currently Tue Oct 17, 2017 12:01 am

All times are UTC - 5 hours [ DST ]




Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 37 posts ]  Go to page Previous  1, 2, 3, 4  Next
Author Message
PostPosted: Sun Aug 24, 2014 6:35 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
niman wrote:
Congo declares Ebola outbreak in northern Equateur province
KINSHASA Mon Aug 25, 2014 12:42am IST

Numbi said that one of the two cases that tested positive was for the Sudanese strain of the disease, while the other was a mixture between the Sudanese and the Zaire strain -- the most lethal variety.

http://in.reuters.com/article/2014/08/2 ... R520140824

Unclear if the above comments are based on sequence data and if the mixture is a recombinant.

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Sun Aug 24, 2014 9:50 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Congo confirms first Ebola cases
GEOFFREY YORK
JOHANNESBURG — The Globe and Mail
Published Sunday, Aug. 24 2014, 7:46 PM EDT
Last updated Sunday, Aug. 24 2014, 7:49 PM EDT

The deadly Ebola virus has emerged in another African country, the Democratic Republic of Congo, killing two people in a remote region where many others have fallen sick, the Congo government says.

Congo becomes the fifth African country where Ebola has killed people this year. But so far the Congo outbreak seems to involve a different strain of the virus, unconnected to the outbreak that has killed at least 1,427 people in West Africa, the government says.

Further tests are under way in Congo and could be released on Monday. They could give a clearer picture of whether the Congo deaths have any connection to the outbreak in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria.

The West African outbreak has been raging out of control for months. A British health worker, the first Briton to be confirmed with Ebola, was airlifted from Sierra Leone on Sunday in a specially equipped military airplane to receive medical treatment at a high-level isolation unit in London.

A growing number of African countries are sealing their borders to the Ebola-hit countries and suspending flights and ship traffic to those countries, raising fears of food and fuel shortages as the crisis deepens.

In the northwest of Congo, at least 13 people have died in recent weeks in an outbreak of an unidentified fever with hemorrhagic symptoms in Equateur province, about 1,200 kilometres from the capital, Kinshasa. The Ebola virus was immediately suspected, but until Sunday the presence of the virus had been unconfirmed.

Last week, the World Health Organization insisted the Congo deaths were not caused by Ebola. But on Sunday, a WHO spokesman said the earlier statement was based on “premature information.” Now the global organization says it is waiting for further tests in Congo.

Congo’s health minister, Felix Kabange Numbi, told a press conference on Sunday that a government laboratory has tested eight samples from the fever outbreak. Two of the samples tested positive for Ebola, he said.

The outbreak has been “contained” in an area in Equateur province, he said. Other reports said the government is setting up a quarantine area with tight controls for 100 kilometres around the site of the outbreak.

Congo is located in Central Africa and has no shared borders with any of the four West African countries hit by Ebola this year, so it is unclear how the virus could have been transmitted from West Africa. The government says the samples in Congo suggest the presence of the Sudanese strain of the virus, while the West African outbreak was caused by a different strain, the Zaire strain, the most lethal form of the virus.

One of the two samples in Congo, however, was officially reported to contain a mixture of the Sudanese and Zaire strains – a claim that puzzled many Ebola analysts on Sunday.

Congo was the country where the Ebola virus was first identified in an outbreak near the Ebola River in 1976, when the country was known as Zaire. The latest outbreak this month is the seventh in the country since 1976.

Although rare, it’s not unprecedented to have two unconnected Ebola outbreaks in the same year. In 2012, for example, Ebola outbreaks were reported in both Congo and Uganda, although only about 20 people were killed – far fewer than the current West African outbreak, the biggest in history.

As in West Africa, several of the suspected cases in Congo are among health workers who treated people who may have been carrying the Ebola virus.

Since the West African outbreak began in March, more than 225 health workers have fallen ill from the Ebola virus and nearly 130 have died, according to WHO reports.

On the weekend, the WHO disclosed the first Ebola case among the nearly 400 health workers deployed by the organization and its partners in the Ebola-hit countries. The patient is reported to be a Senegalese health expert who was working in Sierra Leone.

In an earlier case, two U.S. aid workers were flown to Atlanta for treatment after they were infected with Ebola in Liberia. They were given an experimental drug, ZMapp. Both have recovered and were discharged from hospital last week.

There have been widespread concerns that Western patients who catch Ebola are getting better access to treatment than Africans. After the controversy over the treatment of the U.S. cases, the experimental drug was provided to three Ebola patients in Liberia, but supplies of the drug are now exhausted.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/hea ... e20187094/

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Sun Aug 24, 2014 9:59 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
DR Congo confirms deaths in Ebola outbreak
Ebola kills two people in DR Congo, but infections are of different strain than in West Africa, health minister says.
Last updated: 24 Aug 2014 20:22

Two Ebola deaths have been confirmed in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the health minister of the Central African country said, though local officials believe the cases are unrelated to the outbreak in West Africa that has killed more than 1,400 people..

Felix Kabange Numbi said on Sunday that two of eight samples from the northwest Equateur province came back positive for the deadly disease.

Numbi said Congolese officials believe Ebola had killed 13 people in the region, including five health workers.

He said 11 people were sick and in isolation and that 80 contacts were being traced, the Associated Press reported.

"I declare an Ebola epidemic in the region of Djera, in the territory of Boende in the province of Equateur," Numbi said.

Different strains

However, Numbi said the infections were of a different strain than those in the outbreak in West Africa that has killed more than 1,400 people since March.

One of the two cases that tested positive was for the Sudanese strain of the disease, while the other was a mixture between the Sudanese and the Zaire strain - the most lethal variety, the health official said.

The outbreak in West Africa is the Zaire strain.

The samples were from the region where the World Health Organisation (WHO) said an outbreak of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis has killed 70 people in recent weeks.

The WHO said last week those deaths were not Ebola-related, but WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl said by email on Sunday that the information was the result of "miscommunication from the field".

A WHO spokesperson said the UN health agency could not confirm the results of the tests announced on Sunday, which were carried out by the Congolese authorities.

Congo has been hit by Ebola outbreaks seven times before, but the two deaths are the first ones in recent times.

A total of 2,615 Ebola infections and 1,427 deaths have been recorded in the outbreak now hitting West Africa, according to figures released on Friday by the WHO.

Sierra Leone has been hardest-hit, with at least 910 cases and 392 deaths. Other affected countries include Guinea, Liberia and Nigeria.

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/20 ... 61469.html

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Sun Aug 24, 2014 10:08 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Ebola Outbreak Reportedly Spreads To Central Africa
by SCOTT NEUMAN
August 24, 2014 5:02 PM ET

Reuters/Landov
Two Ebola-related deaths have emerged in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the country's health ministry says. If confirmed, it would be the first time in the present outbreak that the disease has killed outside of a handful of West African nations.

But Congo Health Minister Felix Kabange Numbi insists that the two of eight fever victims that tested positive for Ebola are part of a separate outbreak from the one that has killed more than 1,400 people in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Nigeria.

"This epidemic has nothing to do with the one in West Africa," Felix Kabange Numbi said on state television in Kinshasa today.

The deadly virus was first identified in the Congo in 1976 near the Ebola River. The latest outbreak would be the country's seventh.

Last week, the World Health Organization said the two deaths were not Ebola-related, but WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl tweeted today:


The BBC reports that the eight cases tested in Congo came from a group of several people who died in the past month after contracting an unidentified fever in the Equateur region of the DRC.

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/201 ... ral-africa

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Sun Aug 24, 2014 10:15 pm 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
The Ebola outbreak has been confined to West Africa: Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, and Guinea. Now a fifth country — the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa — appears to be battling the virus.

The DRC health minister, Dr. Felix Kabange Numbi, says two people have died from Ebola in a deadly hemorrhagic fever outbreak in a remote, northwestern region of the country. According to reports, there were 13 deaths in total. The World Health Organization previously thought they were unrelated to the Ebola virus, but since then two of the deaths have been confirmed by the DRC as being Ebola-related.

The link with the West African outbreak is not yet clear, as the WHO says it is waiting to find out which of the five strains of the Ebola virus afflicted the Congolese and whether they match the strain circulating in West Africa, known as Zaire ebolavirus. A WHO spokesperson said confirmation about whether this is a separate outbreak will likely arrive on Monday and cautioned that the notice about the two DRC deaths has not come from the WHO.

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa

healthmpa
Until this year, all previous Ebola outbreaks have occurred in Central Africa, and the DRC has been afflicted numerous times in the past. The first known outbreak occurred there in 1976, in the same area where the current Ebola cases were detected.

Where will the Ebola outbreak move next?

To date, there have been suspected Ebola cases in Europe, Asia, and North America but none have tested positive. Public health officials are relatively unconcerned about Ebola becoming a big problem in the developed world. That's because outbreaks persist in countries with poor sanitation and a shortage of resources to contain them, not in resource-rich places like the US.

For this reason, continued spread in Africa is really what public health officials are worried about. "Our first concern is that this is going to go into adjacent areas through people traveling in the region," said Daniel Bausch, associate professor at the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, who is working with the WHO and Médecins Sans Frontières on the outbreak. "In the short term, the main vector is the traveler: local people traveling from one village to the next. On a more regional scale, plane travelers." Travel from Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia within the African continent is much more prevalent than travel elsewhere.

All countries in West Africa are already on alert. National authorities in Ghana, Nigeria, Togo, and Côte d'Ivoire are working with the WHO on prevention efforts and monitoring potential cases.

To do this, contact tracing is essential, said Bausch. "With Ebola outbreaks, most of the time there's one or very few introductions of the virus from the wild into humans, and all the transmission after that is human-to-human transmission. So people who are traveling locally as well as on planes and other modes of transport, that's the way this would get around."

The worst-case scenario
Even if the outbreak didn't move across any other country border, intensification within the already affected areas is the most immediate health threat. As of Aug. 22, there have been 1,082 cases and 624 deaths reported. This is the largest-ever Ebola outbreak, and the WHO said that it is preparing for the outbreak to last for months.

"The worst-case scenario is that the disease will continue to bubble on, like a persistent bushfire, never quite doused out," said Derek Gatherer, a Lancaster University bioinformatician who has studied the evolution of this Ebola outbreak. "It may start to approach endemic status in some of the worst affected regions. This would have very debilitating effects on the economies of the affected countries and West Africa in general."

"EBOLA MAY START TO APPROACH ENDEMIC STATUS IN SOME OF THE WORST AFFECTED REGIONS."

This dire situation could come about because of a "persistent failure of current efforts," he added. "Previous successful eradications of Ebola outbreaks have been via swamping the areas with medical staff and essentially cutting the transmission chains. Doing that here is going to be very difficult and expensive. We have little option other than to pump in resources and engage with the problem using the tried-and-tested strategy—but on a scale previously unused."

Resources are already extremely constrained in most of the countries affected right now. As Dr. Bausch said, "If you're in a hospital in Sierra Leone or Guinea, it might not be unusual to say, 'I need gloves to examine this patient,' and have someone tell you, 'We don't have gloves in the hospital today,' or 'We're out of clean needles,' — all the sorts of things you need to protect against Ebola."

In these situations, local health-care workers — the ones most impacted by the disease — start to get scared and walk off the job. And the situation worsens.

When Bausch was in Sierra Leone in July, he said all the nurses went on strike in one of the hospitals where he was working. "There were 55 people in the Ebola ward," he said, "and myself and one other doctor."

He'd walk into the hospital in the morning and find patients on the floor in pools of vomit, blood, and stool. They had fallen out of their beds during the night, and they were delirious. "What should happen is that a nursing staff or sanitation officer would come and decontaminate the area," he said. "But when you don't have that support, obviously it gets more dangerous." So the disease spreads.

5819TWEET
SHARE
In this StoryStream
Ebola outbreak: the deadliest in history
3:10P
Two new cases of Ebola reported in Democratic Republic of Congo
AUG 22
How a single funeral may have spread Ebola across Sierra Leone
43 updates

http://www.vox.com/2014/8/24/6063027/eb ... -the-congo

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Mon Aug 25, 2014 12:39 am 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
2 People Die of Ebola in Democratic Republic of Congo
Sam Frizell @Sam_Frizell Aug. 24, 2014
But the deaths are not related to the current outbreak in West Africa, health officials in Congo say

Two people have died of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo, though the cases may be unrelated to the outbreak in West Africa that has killed more than 1,400 people.

Of eight samples taken in the Boende region of Congo’s northwest Equateur province, two came back positive, Health Minister Felix Kabange Numbi said Sunday, the Associated Press reports. Eleven people are sick and in isolation, and 80 contacts are being traced.

“This epidemic has nothing to do with the one in West Africa,” Kabange said.

Ebola has killed 13 people in the region, including five health workers. The current cases are part of the seventh outbreak of Ebola in Congo, where the disease was first discovered in 1976.

https://time.com/3169729/ebola-congo/

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Mon Aug 25, 2014 12:42 am 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Health Minister Confirms Ebola Deaths In Congo

KINSHASA, Aug 25 (BERNAMA-NNN-ALLAFRICA) -- The Health Ministry of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has said that two deaths among a dozen suspected Ebola patients were due to Ebola.

Its minister, Dr. Felix Kabange Numbi, said on television Sunday that at least 70 people were reported to have died of a haemorrhagic fever in northwestern Congo, but on Thursday the World Health Organisation said the disease was not Ebola.

There is no known relation between the confirmed Ebola deaths in DRC and the devastating epidemic in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

The virus has struck thousands there and caused health systems to collapse. None of the affected countries has enough protective equipment, such as gloves, to protect health workers, who have died in large numbers in a region where doctors and nurses already were scarce.

Nevertheless, in all three countries, both trained health professionals and volunteers have continued working at great cost to themselves.

A few international organisations that were engaged from the beginning of the outbreak and have scaled up their support say they have large numbers of local volunteers but not nearly enough supplies, treatment centers or international expertise to keep up with the spreading virus.

The AllAfrica Foundation is launching a 'Give a Glove' campaign to call attention to the yawning gap between needs and available assistance and to enable people around the world to help.

-- BERNAMA-NNN-ALLAFRICA

http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v7/wn ... id=1063053

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Mon Aug 25, 2014 12:47 am 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
GENEVA, August 25, 2:44 /ITAR-TASS/. The World Health Organization (WHO) awaits the results of additional laboratory tests so as to confirm fatalities caused by Ebola virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Russian virologists unfolding lab in Guinea to fight with Ebola fever
WHO press secretary Gregory Hartl said here on Sunday that it is also essential to determine whether there is a connection with the epidemic of the dangerous disease in West African countries, the epidemic which has already claimed more than 1,400 lives.
It is necessary to wait for the results of confirmation tests, Hartl said, adding that the results would be possibly become known on Monday.
In so doing, Hartl did not rule it out that the developments might be unconnected. This may refer to two different subtypes (of Ebola virus), which means that there are two different outbreaks, he said.

http://en.itar-tass.com/world/746458

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Mon Aug 25, 2014 12:50 am 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
MOSCOW, August 24 (RIA Novosti) – The Democratic Republic of Congo on Sunday confirmed two Ebola cases in the country, according to the officials as cited by Agence France-Presse.
"The results are positive. The Ebola virus is confirmed in DRC," Health Minister Felix Kabange Numbi said.
The samples were from the northwest Equateur province region, where the World Health Organization (WHO) said an outbreak of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis with Ebola-like symptoms has killed 70 people in recent weeks. At least 594 people contracted the decease. The WHO said last week those cases were not Ebola-related.
So far, a total of 2,615 Ebola cases, with 1,427 deaths have been recorded in the West African countries of Liberia, Nigeria, Guinea and Sierra Leone, according to the WHO.
The Ebola virus disease is a highly deadly illness with a 90 percent mortality rate. It is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of the infected.
No licensed treatment or vaccine against the virus is yet available, though a number of companies in the United States, Japan and Canada have been working on one.

http://en.ria.ru/society/20140824/19230 ... gency.html

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
PostPosted: Mon Aug 25, 2014 1:07 am 
Offline

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
DR Congo confirms Ebola cases as deadly virus goes beyond West Africa
By Faith Karimi, CNN
updated 12:58 AM EDT, Mon August 25, 2014
Watch this video
How an Ebola outbreak can start, and end
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
Two people in Gera town in the Democratic Republic of Congo test positive for Ebola
Congo: Tests showed it's a different strain from the one in West Africa
U.N. agency says confirmation testing will likely be done Monday

(CNN) -- Congo is reporting Ebola cases in a northern town, sparking fears that the deadly virus is expanding far beyond West Africa.
Two people in Gera town in the Democratic Republic of Congo tested positive for Ebola, a government spokesman said Sunday.
A lab and quarantine station have been set up in the town, which is about 750 miles from the capital of Kinshasa.

The World Health Organization said that the nation did its own tests, and the U.N. agency's lab is conducting its own confirmation testing that will also determine the strain of the virus found.
Congo said its test showed the strain is different from the one that has killed nearly 1,500 people in the West African nations of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria.
Experts have described the West African outbreak as the worst in the history of the virus. Ebola first appeared in 1976 in Sudan and Congo, and takes its name from a river with the same name in the latter nation.
Congo, which is in central Africa, has had six previous outbreaks since the disease appeared on its shores, the World Health Organization said.
Africa has been limited to three strains: Bundibugyo, Zaire and Sudan. Though Congo has had the Zaire strain in the past, it's unclear whether it's the same one in the latest outbreak.
WHO said its confirmation testing will likely be done Monday. Last week, 13 people died of a mysterious ailment in the Boende area, but the WHO said at the time that their deaths were a result of a " viral hemorrhagic fever of undetermined origin."
Ebola is one of the world's most virulent diseases, and is transmitted through direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids of infected people.
The outbreak has forced various nations to take drastic action, including Ivory Coast, which said it is closing borders it shares with Guinea and Liberia for an indefinite period.
Senegal also closed its borders over Ebola fears. The closure includes any aircraft and ships traveling to Senegal from Guinea, Sierra Leone or Liberia.
A major outbreak in Congo would be catastrophic; it shares borders with nine nations, including Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi.
CNN's Joyce Joseph and Nana Karikari-apau contributed to this report

http://www.cnn.com/2014/08/25/world/afr ... ?hpt=hp_t2

_________________
www.twitter.com/hniman


Top
 Profile  
 
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 37 posts ]  Go to page Previous  1, 2, 3, 4  Next

All times are UTC - 5 hours [ DST ]


Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Yahoo [Bot] and 65 guests


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Search for:
Jump to:  
cron
Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Group