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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 12:59 am 
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Ebola facility in Liberia attacked; patients flee


By Ashley Fantz, CNN

updated 11:06 PM EDT, Sun August 17, 2014


Image
A Liberian burial team wearing protective clothing retrieves the body of a 60-year-old Ebola victim from his home on August 17, 2014, near Monrovia, Liberia. Health officials say the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the deadliest ever. A Liberian burial team wearing protective clothing retrieves the body of a 60-year-old Ebola victim from his home on August 17, 2014, near Monrovia, Liberia. Health officials say the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the deadliest ever.

lija Siafa, 6, stands in the rain with his sister Josephine, 10, while waiting outside the new Doctors Without Borders (MSF) Ebola treatment center on August 17, 2014, in Monrovia, Liberia. The newly built facility will initially have 120 beds, making it the largest such facility for Ebola treatment and isolation in history.

Doctors Without Borders staffer Brett Adamson hands out water to sick Liberians hoping to enter the new Ebola treatment center on August 17.

Workers prepare the new Doctors Without Borders Ebola treatment center on August 17.

A body, reportedly a victim of Ebola, lays on a street corner in Monrovia, Liberia on August 16.

Liberian police depart after firing shots in the air while trying to protect an Ebola burial team in the West Point slum of Monrovia on August 16, 2014. A crowd of several hundred local residents reportedly drove away the burial team and their police escort. The mob then forced open an Ebola isolation ward and took the patients out, many saying that the Ebola epidemic is a hoax.

A crowd enters the grounds of an Ebola isolation center in the West Point slum in Monrovia, Liberia, on August 16, 2014 . The mob was reportedly shouting, "No Ebola in West Point." The center, a closed primary school originally built by USAID, was being used by the Liberian Health Ministry to temporarily isolate people suspected of carrying the virus.

A health worker disinfects a corpse after a man died in a classroom being used as an Ebola isolation ward Friday, August 15, in Monrovia, Liberia. The virus has killed more than 1,000 people this year in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.

A boy tries to prepare his father before they are taken to an Ebola isolation ward August 15 in Monrovia.

Kenyan health officials take passengers' temperature as they arrive at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport on Thursday, August 14, in Nairobi, Kenya.

A hearse carries the coffin of Spanish priest Miguel Pajares after he died at a Madrid hospital on Tuesday, August 12. Pajares, 75, contracted Ebola while he was working as a missionary in Liberia.

A member of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention leads a training session on Ebola infection control Monday, August 11, in Lagos, Nigeria.

Health workers in Kenema, Sierra Leone, screen people for the Ebola virus on Saturday, August 9, before they enter the Kenema Government Hospital.

A health worker at the Kenema Government Hospital carries equipment used to decontaminate clothing and equipment on August 9.

Health care workers wear protective gear at the Kenema Government Hospital on August 9.

Paramedics in protective suits move Pajares, the infected Spanish priest, at Carlos III Hospital in Madrid on Thursday, August 7. He died five days later.

Nurses carry the body of an Ebola victim from a house outside Monrovia on Wednesday, August 6.

A Nigerian health official wears protective gear August 6 at Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos.

Officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta sit in on a conference call about Ebola with CDC team members deployed in West Africa on Tuesday, August 5.

Aid worker Nancy Writebol, wearing a protective suit, gets wheeled on a gurney into Emory University Hospital in Atlanta on August 5. A medical plane flew Writebol from Liberia to the United States after she and her colleague Dr. Kent Brantly were infected with the Ebola virus in the West African country.

Nigerian health officials are on hand to screen passengers at Murtala Muhammed International Airport on Monday, August 4.

A man gets sprayed with disinfectant Sunday, August 3, in Monrovia.

Dr. Kent Brantly, right, gets out of an ambulance after arriving at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta on Saturday, August 2. Brantly was infected with the Ebola virus in Africa, but he was brought back to the United States for further treatment.

Nurses wearing protective clothing are sprayed with disinfectant Friday, August 1, in Monrovia after they prepared the bodies of Ebola victims for burial.

A nurse disinfects the waiting area at the ELWA Hospital in Monrovia on Monday, July 28.

Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, right, walks past an Ebola awareness poster in downtown Monrovia as Liberia marked the 167th anniversary of its independence Saturday, July 26. The Liberian government dedicated the anniversary to fighting the deadly disease.

In this photo provided by Samaritan's Purse, Dr. Kent Brantly, left, treats an Ebola patient in Monrovia. On July 26, the North Carolina-based group said Brantly tested positive for the disease. Days later, Brantly arrived in Georgia to be treated at an Atlanta hospital, becoming the first Ebola patient to knowingly be treated in the United States.

A 10-year-old boy whose mother was killed by the Ebola virus walks with a doctor from the aid organization Samaritan's Purse after being taken out of quarantine Thursday, July 24, in Monrovia.

A doctor puts on protective gear at the treatment center in Kailahun, Sierra Leone, on Sunday, July 20.

Members of Doctors Without Borders adjust tents in the isolation area in Kailahun on July 20.

Boots dry in the Ebola treatment center in Kailahun on July 20.

Red Cross volunteers prepare to enter a house where an Ebola victim died in Pendembu, Sierra Leone, on Friday, July 18.

Dr. Jose Rovira of the World Health Organization takes a swab from a suspected Ebola victim in Pendembu on July 18.

Red Cross volunteers disinfect each other with chlorine after removing the body of an Ebola victim from a house in Pendembu on July 18.

A dressing assistant prepares a Doctors Without Borders member before entering an isolation ward Thursday, July 17, in Kailahun.

A doctor works in the field laboratory at the Ebola treatment center in Kailahun on July 17.

Doctors Without Borders staff prepare to enter the isolation ward at an Ebola treatment center in Kailahun on July 17.

A health worker with disinfectant spray walks down a street outside the government hospital in Kenema, Sierra Leone, on Thursday, July 10.

Dr. Mohamed Vandi of the Kenema Government Hospital trains community volunteers who will aim to educate people about Ebola in Sierra Leone.

Police block a road outside Kenema to stop motorists for a body temperature check on Wednesday, July 9.

A woman has her temperature taken at a screening checkpoint on the road out of Kenema on July 9.

A member of Doctors Without Borders puts on protective gear at the isolation ward of the Donka Hospital in Conakry, Guinea, on Saturday, June 28.

Airport employees check passengers in Conakry before they leave the country on Thursday, April 10.

CNN's Dr. Sanjay Gupta, left, works in the World Health Organization's mobile lab in Conakry. Gupta traveled to Guinea in April to report on the deadly virus.

A Guinea-Bissau customs official watches arrivals from Conakry on Tuesday, April 8.

Egidia Almeida, a nurse in Guinea-Bissau, scans a Guinean citizen coming from Conakry on April 8.

A scientist separates blood cells from plasma cells to isolate any Ebola RNA and test for the virus Thursday, April 3, at the European Mobile Laboratory in Gueckedou, Guinea.

Members of Doctors Without Borders carry a dead body in Gueckedou on Friday, April 1.

Gloves and boots used by medical personnel dry in the sun April 1 outside a center for Ebola victims in Gueckedou.

A health specialist works Monday, March 31, in a tent laboratory set up at a Doctors Without Borders facility in southern Guinea.

Health specialists work March 31 at an isolation ward for patients at the facility in southern Guinea.

Workers associated with Doctors Without Borders prepare isolation and treatment areas Friday, March 28, in Guinea.

Husband: Ebola patient 'getting stronger'

In the deadly disease's current outbreak in those countries, 712 people have died from Ebola and 1,310 people are Liberia confirmed to be infected with the virus, the World Health Organization reports.

Tolbert Nyenswah, Liberia's assistant minister of health, told CNN that as of Friday, 154 people in the nation have died from Ebola. There are more cases in which patients are suspected to have the disease, but that information has not been confirmed, he said.

Last week, Liberia's government said that sample doses of ZMapp, an experimental drug used to treat two American health care workers in Atlanta, Georgia, would be sent to Liberia to treat doctors who have contracted the virus.

The drug arrived and was given to three doctors, Nyenswah told CNN. He said the Liberian government is in talks to try to get more.

The country had requested the drug, and the White House and U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved it.

ZMapp has not been tested for public use. Earlier, the company that makes ZMapp said its supply was exhausted after fulfilling a request of a West African country which it did not, at the time, name.

Liberia has taken other measures to try to contain the virus.

In late July, it closed most of its borders and national campaigns have been launched to educate the public about how Ebola is spread and what to do if someone comes into contact with an infected person.

On Sunday, Cameroon's information minister told CNN that the country was closing its border with Nigeria over Ebola concerns.

Issa Tchiroma Bakari said that all flights to and from Nigeria into and out of Cameroon are suspended.

People in Cameroon and Nigeria cross borders daily for commercial and personal reasons.
http://www.cnn.com/2014/08/17/world/afr ... ?hpt=hp_c2

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 1:00 am 
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lija Siafa, 6, stands in the rain with his sister Josephine, 10, while waiting outside the new Doctors Without Borders (MSF) Ebola treatment center on August 17, 2014, in Monrovia, Liberia. The newly built facility will initially have 120 beds, making it the largest such facility for Ebola treatment and isolation in history.

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 1:01 am 
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Doctors Without Borders staffer Brett Adamson hands out water to sick Liberians hoping to enter the new Ebola treatment center on August 17.

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 1:02 am 
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Workers prepare the new Doctors Without Borders Ebola treatment center on August 17.

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 1:03 am 
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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 2:11 am 
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Published Date: 2014-08-17 21:32:07
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola virus disease - West Africa (130): Nigeria, Liberia, more
Archive Number: 20140817.2698701

EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE - WEST AFRICA (130): NIGERIA, LIBERIA, MORE
***************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

In this update:
[1] Nigeria: attack on quarantine center
[2] Liberia: PPE shortage critical
[3] India, suspected
[4] Media reports (1)
[5] Media reports (2)

******
[1] Nigeria: attack on quarantine center
Date: Sun 17 Aug 2014
Source: CBS News [edited]
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/report-arme ... g-patients


Liberian officials fear EVD could soon spread through the capital's largest slum after residents raided a quarantine center for suspected patients and took items including bloody sheets and mattresses. The violence in the West Point slum occurred late Sat [16 Aug 2014] and was led by residents angry that patients were brought to the holding center from other parts of Monrovia, Tolbert Nyenswah, assistant health minister, said Sun [17 Aug 2014].

Local witnesses told Agence France Presse that there were armed men among the group that attacked the clinic. "They broke down the doors and looted the place. The patients all fled," said Rebecca Wesseh, who witnessed the attack and whose report was confirmed by residents and the head of Health Workers Association of Liberia, George Williams. Up to 30 patients were staying at the center, and many of them fled at the time of the raid, said Nyenswah [other reports put the number at 17. - Mod.JW]. Once they are located, they will be transferred to the EVD center at Monrovia's largest hospital, he said.

The attack comes just one day after a report of a crowd of several hundred local residents chanting "No Ebola in West Point" drove away a burial team and their police escort that had come to collect the bodies of suspected EVD victims in a slum in the capital, Reuters reports. West Point residents went on a "looting spree," stealing items from the clinic that were likely infected, said a senior police official, who insisted on anonymity because he was not authorized to brief the press. The residents took medical equipment and mattresses and sheets that had bloodstains, he said. EVD is spread through bodily fluids including blood, vomit, feces and sweat.

"All between the houses, you could see people fleeing with items looted from the patients," the official said, adding that he now feared "the whole of West Point will be infected." Some of the looted items were visibly stained with blood, vomit and excrement, said Richard Kieh, who lives in the area.

The incident creates a new challenge for Liberian health officials who were already struggling to contain the outbreak. New figures released by the World Health Organization show that Liberia has recorded more EVD deaths (413) than any of the other affected countries.

Liberian police restored order to the West Point neighborhood on Sun [17 Aug 2014]. Sitting on land between the Montserrado River and the Atlantic Ocean, West Point is home to at least 50 000 people, according to a 2012 survey. Distrust of government runs high in West Point, with rumors regularly circulating that the government plans to clear the slum out entirely. Though there had been talk of putting West Point under quarantine should EVD break out there, assistant health minister Nyenswah said Sunday [17 Aug 2014] that no such step has been taken. "West Point is not yet quarantined, as is being reported," he said.

While the armed attack is likely the most brazen attack on health workers trying to contain the deadly outbreak, it is far from the 1st in the region worst-hit by it. There have been numerous reports of locals attacking those trying to stop the disease by throwing stones at aid workers, blocking aid convoys, and forcibly removing patients from clinics. Many locals blame foreigners for bringing the disease, saying it had never been there before they arrived. The mistrust of central government and help from outside runs deep in this part of West Africa. All 3 countries worst-hit by the outbreak -- Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea -- are relatively recently off decades of either brutal civil war or iron-fisted dictatorships.

--
Communicated by:
Ryan McGinnis
http://bigstormpicture.com

******
[2] Liberia: PPE shortage critical
Date: 7 Aug 2014
Source: Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) [edited]
http://www.mohsw.gov.lr/documents/Liber ... 202014.pdf


Liberia Ebola SitRep no. 84, 7 Aug 2014
------------------
[See Logistics/Supply Chain Highlights chart at end. Comment by Dr IM Mackay:

"This is appalling. It's been 8-days since PHEIC [Public Health Emergency of International Concern, WHO] announced & these are #liberia #PPE [personal protective equipment] stocks https://twitter.com/MackayIM/status/500813451564834816.

The most recent Sitrep I could find on the MOHSW website is No. 89 dated 12 Aug 2014 and does not contain a Logistics/Supply Chain Highlights chart: http://mohsw.gov.lr/documents/Liberia%2 ... 202014.pdf. I sincerely hope a few more tons of PPE have reached Liberia in the 10 days since the 6 Aug 2014 inventory. - Mod.JW]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

******
[3] India, suspected
Date: Sun 17 Aug 2014
Source: Times of India [edited]
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city ... 325158.cms


The 3 Nigerians, aged 79, 37 and 4 years, had fever, and their tests were being done at the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Delhi, an official release said here.

In addition to this, a 32-year-old Indian from Durg in Chhattisgarh who returned from Nigeria has been admitted to a hospital in Bhilai. His samples are also being tested at NCDC, the release said.

[Other reports say that only 29 out of 170 Indian subjects evacuated from Liberia gave valid contact phone numbers for contact tracing on arrival back in India. - Mod.JW]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

******
[4] Media reports (1)

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/17/world ... .html?_r=0

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/16/healt ... .html?_r=1

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world ... 72546.html

Ethiopia Braces for Ebola Treatment [2 pages]
http://allafrica.com/stories/2014081600 ... e=acrdn-f0

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/educa ... 73861.html

SUSPECTED CASES
UAE: Nigerian who died in United Arab Emirates may have shown signs consistent with EVD
----------------------------------
17 Aug 2014: "... The 35-year-old woman was traveling to India from Nigeria via Abu Dhabi to seek treatment for advanced cancer when her health deteriorated during her time in transit at Abu Dhabi's airport, the authority said in a statement according to the state WAM news agency. ..."
http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/08/ ... LR20140817

GUINEA (and Liberia/Sierra Leone):
16 Aug 2014: Guinea reopens EVD clinic as sick spill over border http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/08/ ... I820140816

LIBERIA:
17 Aug 2014: Struggling Liberia creates "plague villages" in EVD epicenter http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/08/ ... EY20140817, http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/18/world ... c=rss&_r=0

NIGERIA:
http://www.punchng.com/news/states-stra ... a-to-lagos
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/20 ... 40296.html

How EVD patients survived - Experts
http://www.vanguardngr.com/2014/08/ebol ... d-experts/

Breaking the EVD infection cycle
http://www.vanguardngr.com/2014/08/brea ... tion-cycle

South Africa ex Liberia: suspected EVD
--------------------------------
17 Aug 2014: ... Johannesburg: A 37-year-old South African man, working as health and safety officer in a mining operation in Liberia, was admitted to hospital [in South Africa] on Sun [17 Aug 2014], the department of health said. ... Spokesman Joe Maila said the man arrived in the country on 6 Aug 2014. "He was scanned as normal routine in accordance with screening protocols for incoming travellers at the OR Tambo International Airport. ... He was healthy on arrival. ... On 16 Aug 2014, the man went to his general practitioner due to fever. ... http://www.ann7.com/article/16353-17082 ... _FC2YBdXL-

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

*******
[5] Media reports (2)

Spain: false alarm
----------------
15 Aug 2014: Health authorities in southeastern Spain activated EVD alert protocols after a young Nigerian man was admitted to hospital in Alicante with fever and vomiting.
UPDATE 2 (Sun [17 Aug 2014], 5:42 p.m.): Spanish news agency EFE, citing health ministry sources, reported the Nigerian patient did not have EVD. http://www.thespainreport.com/10398/spa ... bola-cases

U.N. will start flights for humanitarian workers
----------------------------------------
17 Aug 2014: Amid a growing number of airline cancellations, the U.N. will start flights for humanitarian workers on Sat [16 Aug 2014] to ensure that aid operations aren't interrupted. In the coming weeks, they will also ferry staff to remote areas by helicopter. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/report-arme ... g-patients [included at very end of above URL about the clinic attack. - Mod.JW]

Ebolavirus, pigs, primates and people
------------------------------
17 Aug 2014: This is a companion piece to the collaborative article, "Ebolavirus may be spread by droplets, but not by an airborne route: what that means," posted a couple of days ago. It is suggested to read both. URL 2) below includes: "If infection can happen between primates via the air, it is a very, very inefficient process, as a study of 78 people from 27 households with EVD cases during the 1995 Kikwit EVD epidemic revealed. Those 78 household members had no physical contact with the cases, and they did not get sick. Others who had physical contact got EVD [ref. (10) http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/1 ... 1/S87.long].
1) http://virologydownunder.blogspot.com.a ... plets.html [see ProMED archive 20140816.2696764].
2) http://virologydownunder.blogspot.com.a ... eople.html [URL 2) above is a serious and well-researched article. - Mod.JW].

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>


See Also
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (129): Nigeria, prevention, more 20140816.2696764
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (128): WHO, toll, Liberia, drug, more 20140816.2694748
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (127): Guinea, screening, more 20140815.2691736
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (126): WHO, Sierra Leone, index case, more 20140814.2688054
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (125): WHO, Nigeria, USA fear, CDC, more 20140812.2680534
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (124): WHO, Nigeria, USA fear, CDC, more 20140812.2682604
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (123): Sierra Leone, more, CDC 20140810.2677007
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (122): Sierra Leone lessons learned 20140809.2675385
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (121): WHO, Nigeria emergency, more 20140809.2674333
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (120): MSF, Sierra Leone, drug, PAHO, aid 20140808.2673098
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (119): WHO -- International Emergency 20140808.2671013
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (118): Liberia, Sierra Leone, CDC, drugs, more 20140807.2669718
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (117): WHO, Nigeria, more 20140806.2666073
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (116): Morocco NOT, Nigeria, bushmeat, more 20140805.2663054
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (115): Morocco ex Liberia, Nigeria appeal 20140805.2661180
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (114): USA (NYC) susp. more 20140804.2659805
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (113): Nigeria 20140804.2658338
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (112): WHO, USA case repatriated, more 20140803.2656749
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (111): WHO, Sierra Leone, vaccine, screening 20140802.2655022
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (110): WHO, Sierra Leone, Liberia, MSF, alerts 20140801.2652884
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (109): Sierra Leone, MOH statement 20140801.2652930
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (108): WHO, situation, Guinea-Bissau alert 20140731.2650008
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (107): WHO, China & UK NOT, Nigeria, airlines 20140730.2646645
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (104): WHO, Nigeria, Togo alert, Sierra Leone 20140727.2638658
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (102): Nigeria, Sierra Leone, drugs & vaccine 20140726.2636858
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (101): Nigeria ex Liberia, WHO, Sierra Leone 20140726.2636095
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (100): Cote d'Ivoire,Tanzania, Nigeria alerts 20140724.2633437
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (99): WHO, Sierra Leone, Liberia 20140724.2632442
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (98): Nigeria susp, alert 20140724.2632831
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (97): Sierra Leone, Liberia, tests 20140723.2630441
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (95): FAO alert, Sierra Leone 20140722.2626215
Ebola virus disease - Congo DR: susp 20140721.2624831
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (94): Sierra Leone 20140720.2623966
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (93): Sierra Leone, WHO underfunded 20140719.2622727
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (92): Sierra Leone, drugs, EU disease ctr. 20140718.2620802
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (91): WHO, Guinea,Sierra Leone,Liberia, border 20140717.2618525
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (90): Sierra Leone, Ghana meeting, historical 20140716.2615640
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (89): WHO update, Sierra Leone, Liberia, risk 20140715.2613043
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (88): WHO, Liberia, prevention, challenges 20140713.2607118
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (87): Liberia, Sierra Leone, MSF, drugs, vaccine 20140712.2605570
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (86): WHO, UNSC, ECOWAS, Guinea, Liberia 20140711.2603448
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (85): Guinea, Liberia, region 20140710.2601330
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (84): WHO update 20140708.2596192
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (83): Ghana susp, Guinea, S. Leone, Liberia 20140708.2593018
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (82): Guinea, prevention, Tanzania, UK 20140706.2591433
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (81): Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, overseas 20140705.2589463
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (80): WHO update, meeting 20140704.2587114
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (79): Guinea, Nigeria prevention, drug testing 20140703.2586162
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (78): Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia 20140702.2583396
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (77): WHO, meeting, Sierra Leone, Liberia 20140701.2579682
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (74): CDC summary 20140626.2566502
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (73): WHO update, Sierra Leone 20140625.2566397
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (72): WHO update 20140624.2562337
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (71): Guinea, Sierra Leone, Nigeria serology 20140622.2558446
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (70): Sierra Leone, Liberia, travel advice 20140621.2556770
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (69): Guinea, Sierra Leone, region 20140621.2555351
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (68): Liberia, One Health approach 20140619.2553035
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (67): WHO update, Liberia, Sierra Leone 20140618.2550323
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (66): Liberia (Monrovia), Sierra Leone 20140617.2547352
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (63): Sierra Leone 20140613.2538970
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (58): Sierra Leone, challenges 20140607.2526192
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (57): WHO update, challenges 20140607.2525234
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (56): Sierra Leone, Liberia, WHO 20140604.2518983
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (55): MSF report, Sierra Leone 20140603.2517388
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (54): WHO update, Sierra Leone 20140603.2515262
[more
Ebola virus disease - Guinea (04): WHO update, Conakry conf., alerts 20140328.2364547
Ebola virus disease - Liberia ex Guinea: susp. alert, RFI 20140326.2360265
Ebola virus disease - Guinea (03): WHO update, travel health advisories 20140326.2359361
Ebola virus disease - Guinea (02): bat eating banned 20140326.2359281
Ebola virus disease - West Africa: Guinea, Zaire ebolavirus suspected 20140322.2349865
Ebola - Sierra Leone: susp. alert, RFI 20140322.2349697
Undiagnosed viral hemorrhagic fever - Guinea (02): Ebola conf. 20140322.234969
Undiagnosed viral hemorrhagic fever - Guinea: (NZ) RFI 20140319.2342420
.................................................sb/jw/msp/ml

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 7:15 am 
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Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
AUGUST 18 2014 12:09h
Liberia «to shoot» people crossing border closed to halt Ebola

Liberia's armed forces were given orders to shoot people trying to illegally cross the border from neighbouring Sierra Leone, which was closed to stem the spread of Ebola, local newspaper Daily Observer reported Monday.
Image

Soldiers stationed in Bomi and Grand Cape Mount counties, which border Sierra Leone, were to "shoot on sight" any person trying to cross the border, said deputy chief of staff, Colonel Eric Dennis. The order comes after border officials reported people continued to cross the porous border illegally. Grand Cape Mount county had 35 known "illegal entry points," according to immigration commander Colonel Samuel Mulbah. Illegal crossings were a major health threat, said Mulbah, "because we don't know the health status of those who cross at night." Liberia closed its borders with Sierra Leone weeks ago in an attempt to contain the Ebola outbreak, which killed more than 1,100 people in West Africa.

The announcement came after residents of a slum near the capital broke into an isolation centre and freed up to 30 Ebola patients, local newspaper Front Page Africa reported. "As I speak the police station is deserted. There is no security now in West Point," resident Moses Teah was quoted as saying. The break-in to protest poor conditions at Ebola quarantine centres has raised fears that the deadly virus will spread in the slum. "I saw sick people being taken out of the Ebola Centre. Some took them home to care for them," said Teah. Other residents, who reportedly continue to deny the existence of Ebola, looted the quarantine centre, stealing patients' mattresses, blood-stained bedding, cooking utensils and medication, according to media reports.

Some Liberians believe the Ebola outbreak was a ploy by government to secure foreign aid, the Daily Observer reported. Liberians also criticize government for not providing sufficient services to Ebola patients, including health care, food and safe burials.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that a "massive scaling up of the international response" is necessary to get the outbreak under control. By August 15, 2,127 cases and 1,145 deaths were reported from Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. In Liberia, there were 786 suspected and confirmed cases, according to the WHO, of which 413 people died.

The current outbreak is caused by the most lethal strain in the family of Ebola viruses. Ebola causes massive haemorrhages and has a fatality rate of up to 90 per cent. It is transmitted through contact with blood and other body fluids.

http://dalje.com/en-world/liberia-to-sh ... ola/518767

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 10:29 am 
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MONROVIA, Liberia - Some of the people who fled an Ebola quarantine centre in a Liberian slum when it was looted over the weekend are again under observation at a hospital Monday, a health official said.

Late Saturday, residents of Monrovia's West Point slum attacked a quarantine centre, where people were being monitored for possible infection with Ebola. The residents were angry that patients were brought to the holding centre from other parts of Monrovia.

During the raid, up to 30 suspected Ebola patients fled, but at least some have now been brought to another hospital, Assistant Health Minister Tolbert Nyenswah said late Sunday. It was not clear how many of those who fled had been tracked down or how authorities were identifying them.

None of those who fled had been confirmed with Ebola and the process of screening them is continuing, Nyenswah said.

There are concerns that the raid could fuel the spread of Ebola in a slum where at least 50,000 people live. Police said the looters stole bloody sheets and mattresses, which could carry the infection.

Authorities have struggled to contain the spread of an Ebola outbreak in West Africa. So far, it has killed 1,145 of the more than 2,000 people sickened in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.

Ebola is spread through direct contact with bodily fluids and there is no licensed treatment. The only way to contain the disease is to isolate the sick and closely watch those they have come into contact with for signs of infection.

- See more at: http://www.timescolonist.com/liberia-so ... GacKu.dpuf

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 11:36 am 
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MONROVIA: Liberian officials were searching Monday (Aug 18) for 17 Ebola patients who fled an attack on a quarantine centre in the capital Monrovia, raising fears that they could spread the deadly and highly contagious disease.

"We have not yet found them," Information Minister Lewis Brown said, adding that "those who looted the place took away mattresses and bedding that were soaked with fluids from the patients."

On Saturday youths wielding clubs and knives raided the medical facility set up in a high school in the densely-populated West Point slum, some shouting "there's no Ebola", echoing wild rumours that the epidemic has been made up by the West to oppress Africans.

The authorities are now considering sealing off the area, home to around 75,000 people, although some reports suggest the infected patients may have already fled West Point.

"All those hooligans who looted the centre are all now probable carriers of the disease," said Brown, the spokesman for President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. "To quarantine the area could be one of the solutions. We run the risk of facing a difficult-to-control situation," he warned.

Ebola has killed at least 1,145 people in west Africa since the start of the year. There is no known cure for the haemorrhagic fever, which can be spread through bodily fluids including blood and sweat.

The head of the Health Workers Association of Liberia, George Williams, said the unit had housed 29 patients who "had all tested positive for Ebola" and were receiving preliminary treatment before being taken to hospital.

"Of the 29 patients, 17 fled (after the assault)," Williams said Sunday. "Nine died four days ago and three others were yesterday taken by force by their relatives" from the centre, he said.

Fallah Boima's son Michel was among the patients who fled the centre. "I am afraid that he could die somewhere, and I will not know", he told AFP.

Wilmont Johnson, head of a youth association in West Point, told journalists Monday that he had organised a search for the missing patients.

"We searched everywhere but we did not see them. Those who saw them passing told us that they have gone into other communities," Johnson said, suggesting that quarantining efforts might come too late.

The Ebola epidemic is the worst since the virus first appeared in 1976 in what was then Zaire and is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. It has claimed 413 lives in Liberia, 380 in Guinea, 348 in Sierra Leone and four in Nigeria, according to World Health Organization figures released on August 13.

- AFP/xq

http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/wor ... 19184.html

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PostPosted: Mon Aug 18, 2014 7:09 pm 
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