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PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 3:14 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
8 suspected Ebola cases reported in Lagos, one confirmed
By Ameh Comrade Godwin on August 5, 2014

Barely three weeks after the late Patrick Sawyer, first victim of Ebola disease came into Nigeria, new report says Lagos State now has eight suspected cases of the killer disease.

Those inflicted with the disease are said to be the people who came into contact with Sawyer last month.

DailyPost reports that the doctor, who treated the victim, has been down with the dreaded disease.

Lagos State Health Commissioner, Jide Idris also said six other people, who had made contact with Sawyer, had been quarantined but were not showing symptoms, adding that one Ebola case has been confirmed.

Authorities have been monitoring anyone who came into close contact with Patrick Sawyer, a Liberian and U.S. citizen, who died of Ebola in Lagos last month shortly after arriving at the airport.

http://dailypost.ng/2014/08/05/breaking ... confirmed/


PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 3:18 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Lagos has 8 suspected cases of Ebola – Official

August 5, 2014
Nicholas Ibekwe

6 other people have been quarantined.

There are now eight suspected cases of Ebola in Lagos, the state government announced on Tuesday. The Lagos State Commissioner for Health, Jide Idris, while speaking with journalists at Alausa, said all eight came in contact with Patrick Sawyer, the Liberian who died of the disease last month. Mr. Idris added that six additional people, who came in contact with Mr. Sawyer, have been quarantined but have not shown signs of the disease. The government has stepped up its effort to trace all those that came in contact with the Liberian. The second confirmed case of infection after Mr Sawyer was a doctor at a Lagos private hospital. The doctor treated the Liberian after he fell ill at the Murtala Muhammed Airport on his way to attend an ECOWAS conference in Calabar. The Nigerian Minister of Health, Onyebuchi Chukwu, had on Monday confirmed that the doctor was down with the virus, which has killed over 800 people in three West African countries. The federal and state governments have said they have adopted strategies to identify and check the possible spread of the deadly virus in Nigeria. - See more at: https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/166 ... X797D.dpuf


PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 3:50 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Relatives of Ebola victims in Liberia defied government quarantine orders and dumped infected bodies in the streets as West African governments struggled to enforce tough measures to curb an outbreak of the virus that has killed 887 people.

In Nigeria, which recorded its first death from Ebola in late July, authorities in Lagos said eight people who came in contact with the deceased US citizen Patrick Sawyer were showing signs of the deadly disease.

The outbreak was detected in March in the remote forest regions of Guinea, where the death toll is rising.

In neighbouring Sierra Leone and Liberia, where the outbreak is now spreading fastest, authorities deployed troops to quarantine the border areas where 70% of cases have been detected.

Those three countries announced a raft of tough measures last week to contain the disease, shutting schools and imposing quarantines on victim’s homes, amid fears the incurable virus would overrun healthcare systems in one of the world’s poorest regions.

In Liberia’s ramshackle ocean-front capital Monrovia, still scarred by a 1989-2003 civil war, relatives of Ebola victims were dragging bodies onto the dirt streets rather than face quarantine, officials said.

Information Minister Lewis Brown said some people may be alarmed by regulations imposing the decontamination of victims’ homes and the tracking of their friends and relatives.

With less than half of those infected surviving the disease, many Africans regard Ebola isolation wards as death traps.

“They are therefore removing the bodies from their homes and are putting them out in the street. They’re exposing themselves to the risk of being contaminated,” Brown told Reuters. “We’re asking people to please leave the bodies in their homes and we’ll pick them up.”

Brown said authorities had begun cremating bodies on Sunday, after local communities opposed burials in their neighbourhoods, and had carried out 12 cremations on Monday.

Meanwhile, in the border region of Lofa County, troops were deployed on Monday night to start isolating effected communities there.

“We hope it will not require excessive force, but we have to do whatever we can to restrict the movement of people out of affected areas,” Brown said.

Finance Minister Amara Konneh said the country’s growth forecast for the year was no longer looking realistic as a result of the outbreak.

British Airways said it was suspending flights to and from Liberia and Sierra Leone until the end of the month due to public health concerns.

A second American aid worker who contracted the Ebola virus in West Africa arrived in the United States yesterday in a serious condition, three days after her colleague was flown for treatment at the Emory University Hospital in Atlanta.

The two saw their conditions improve by varying degrees in Liberia after they received an experimental drug developed by San Diego-based private biotech firm Mapp Biopharmaceutical, said a representative for Samaritan’s Purse, the charity they worked for.

A New York hospital is also testing a man with symptoms of the deadly disease, though a senior medical officer there said it was probably not the deadly virus.

Saudi Arabia was also testing a man for suspected Ebola infection after he returned recently from a business trip to Sierra Leone.

Concern grew over an outbreak in Lagos, Africa’s largest city, after medical authorities there said they had quarantined 14 people who came into contact with Sawyer after he arrived on a regional flight from Liberia.

The airline Asky has since been barred from Nigeria.

“Of the 14 who have had serious contact with the victim, eight have serious symptoms,” Lagos Health Commissioner Jide Idris told a news conference. “Only one of those quarantined has tested positive ... the doctor who tested positive is now on the mainland under intensive care.”

With healthcare systems in the West African nations overrun by the epidemic, the African Development Bank and World Bank said they would disburse $260mn to the three countries worst affected – Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea.

In Monrovia, however, some health clinics were deserted as workers and patients stayed home, afraid of catching the disease.

“The health workers think that they are not protected, they don’t have the requisite material to use to protect themselves against the Ebola disease,” said Amos Richards, a physician’s assistant.

Sierra Leone ex-minister loses nine family members

A former government minister in Sierra Leone said yesterday that he has lost nine members of his family to the Ebola epidemic raging in west Africa.

Lansana Nyallah told state television that the dead included his brothers and sisters in the eastern village of Daru, at the epicentre of the outbreak.

“To those who still believe that Ebola does not exist, please take heed,” the former youth and education minister told the Sierra Leone Broadcasting Corporation.

Ebola has claimed 273 lives in Sierra Leone. Overall almost 900 people have been killed by the pathogen, which is spread through contact with bodily fluids, since this worst-ever outbreak began at the start of the year.

“Nine members of my family including my brothers and sisters are now dead from the virus,” said Nyallah, who was replaced in a cabinet reshuffle last year after several years in President Ernest Bai Koroma’s government.

“One of them was an imam who was also a radio journalist working for a community radio station in Daru,” he said. “Our house is now empty as no one lives there.”

Described as a “molecular shark” in medical literature, Ebola causes extreme fever before breaking down its victims’ internal organs, which bleed out through the body in the most severe cases.

Myths surrounding the virus have proved an obstacle to treatment and prevention in west Africa.

Many indigenous people living in the forested border areas that straddle Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea believe the virus was introduced deliberately by outsiders, or is a fictional invention by the West, designed to subjugate them.

In Guinea, medical experts have been attacked by angry mobs, while in Sierra Leone and Liberia traditional communities have ignored warnings not to touch the bodies of the dead during funeral rituals.

“The confusion about Ebola which created the resistance from some people was due to the earlier messages which were both confusing and unreliable,” Nyallah told the station. “We were told that Ebola had no cure but were not told about the chances of survival if one reports early. We have now learnt more about the disease.”

http://www.gulf-times.com/africa/243/de ... with-ebola


PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 6:21 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Doctor Who Contracted Ebola Disease Not Dead-LASG

Jide-Idris-commissioner-for-healthLagos State Government on Tuesday affirmed that the female medical doctor who tested positive to the Ebola Virus after treating a Liberian diplomat that died of the disease after arriving in Nigeria is still alive.

Addressing newsmen at the Bagauda Kaltho Press Centre, Alausa, the State Commissioner for Health, Dr Jide Idris, noted that the female medical doctor who attended to the case of Ebola Virus Disease at a private hospital in Lagos is the only confirmed case to date out of the eight primary contact under clinical surveillance and care.

“Her being infected is largely due to the fact that she was a primary contact when the index case presented. At that point in time, the disease was not known to have been imported into the country”, Idris explained.

He stressed that the essence of the briefing is to highlight the mode of transmission of Ebola Virus Disease stressing that the disease is transmissible through direct contact with broken skin, mucous membranes and secretions of an infected person or through direct contact with materials and surfaces that have been contaminated by an infected person.

“This is a call for vigilance as human to human transmission is only achieved by physical contact with a person who is acutely and gravely ill from Ebola virus through body fluids such as blood, urine, stool, saliva, breast milk and semen. Burial ceremonies where mourners including family members have direct contact with patients who died of Ebola have also played a role in the spread of the disease”, Idris said.

The Commissioner noted that in Africa, infection has also occurred through the handling of infected chimpanzees, monkeys, gorillas, fruit bats, antelopes and porcupines adding that there has been no case of transmission by domestic animals like pigs.

He urged everyone to be vigilant especially with regard to relating with people who are ill, stressing that there is no cause to panic as long as basic precautionary measures such as hand washing, adoption of appropriate waste management and enhanced personal and environmental hygiene are adhered to.

Idris opined that precautionary measures such as hand washing, adoption of appropriate waste management and enhanced personal and environmental hygiene is relevant especially when large congregations are expected with a mix of people from other part of the world and commended the responsiveness and cooperation received from the Redeemed Christian Church of God in this regard during the church’s on-going Convention.

While appreciating various health workers who have selflessly committed to this cause of preventing the spread of the virus in the areas of contact tracing, case management and decontamination, the Commissioner appealed to other health workers like doctors, nurses, environmental health workers and phlebotomists to come on board and complement the state health workforce.

He also appealed to striking doctors to return to work and urged other health workers to sheath their swords and embrace team work in the drive to stem the spread of the disease in the state.

“We also count on the cooperation of the good people of Lagos State as your government, in partnership with the Federal government may need in the course of taking decisions in the overriding interest of the public, institute measures that may be considered inconvenient to some people”, Idris said.

He explained that relevant digital platforms have been set up for ease of reference, information and communication flow and that the platforms include Help line: 0800 EBOLA HELP (0800326524357); Website: www.ebolaalert.org; Facebook: fb.com/ebolaalert; and Twitter: @ebolaalert.

Also present at the briefing were the Commissioner for Special Duties, Dr Wale Ahmed and his Information and Strategy counterpart, Mr Lateef Ibirogba.

http://www.channelstv.com/2014/08/05/do ... dead-lasg/


PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 6:58 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
The Associated Press
LAGOS, Nigeria — Nigerian health authorities acknowledged Tuesday that they did not immediately quarantine a sick airline passenger who later died of Ebola, announcing that eight health workers who had direct contact with him were now in isolation with symptoms of the disease.
Ebola, which can cause victims to bleed from the eyes and mouths before a grisly death, has killed nearly 900 people across four countries in West Africa, a deeply impoverished region with severely limited medical resources.
The outbreak, which emerged in March, spread to Nigeria in late July when Patrick Sawyer, a 40-year-old American of Liberian descent, flew from Liberia's capital to the megacity of Lagos. The announcement that Sawyer was not immediately quarantined underscores concerns that West Africa is ill-equipped to contain such a disease.
By contrast, two American aid workers who were infected with Ebola in Liberia received an experimental drug and were flown in a chartered jet to Atlanta, where they are being treated in a hospital isolation unit. Ebola concerns in the U.S. have led some worried people to hospital emergency rooms, and prompted Ebola testing of at least six patients, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The tests that have completed have all been negative, the federal agency said Tuesday.
Experts say people infected with Ebola can spread the disease only through their bodily fluids and after they show symptoms. Since the incubation period can last up to three weeks, some of the Nigerians who treated Sawyer are only now showing signs of illness that can mimic many common tropical illnesses — fever, muscle aches and vomiting.
Initially authorities told reporters that the risk of any exposure to others was minimal because Sawyer was whisked into isolation after arriving at the airport with symptoms of Ebola.
But Lagos state health commissioner Jide Idris said Tuesday that the nature of his disease "was not known" the first day, and only after further investigation did they suspect Ebola. Sawyer's sister had died in Liberia from the disease, which has no proven cure or treatment.
"They went back to the history and they were like 'Oh, this is Liberia,' and that's why he was put into isolation," he told reporters. "So even in that window period it was possible that some of these people got infected."
A doctor who cared for Sawyer has tested positive for the disease, and seven other health workers are now showing symptoms so have been placed in isolation. They are among 14 people who had "serious direct contact" with Sawyer, most of them at the hospital, Idris said. Authorities say they are also following the conditions of 56 other people who had "primary contact" with Sawyer — presumably less at risk than those in the first group.
Ben Neuman, a virologist and Ebola expert at Britain's University of Reading, said doctors during an outbreak save lives "by responding bravely and quickly when someone is sick." That involves a measure of risk, as is seen now by the exposure in Nigeria.
"The thing to watch going forward is how this changes infection control practices in Nigeria and around the world if a situation like this occurs again," he said.
The official death toll for the worst-ever outbreak of Ebola now stands at 887, according to the World Health Organization. All but Sawyer have died in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, where government officials said hundreds of troops were being deployed across the country to enforce quarantines.
Three of six missionaries in isolation in a Liberian hospital have tested positive for the virus, including Spanish priest Miguel Pajares, according to Spain's San Juan de Dios hospital order, a Catholic humanitarian group that runs hospitals around the world.
Health officials in Nigeria, Africa's most populous nation, worked to prevent the virus from spreading in Lagos, where millions of people live in densely crowded conditions. The Lagos state health commissioner acknowledged that state health authorities need volunteers to help track down the people who may have come into contact with the eight suspected cases in quarantine.
"You may have two family contacts, you may have many family contacts," he said. "You need people who will go out and chase all these people."
Meanwhile, the second American Ebola patient arrived Tuesday in Atlanta from Liberia. Nancy Writebol, 59, was taken to Emory University Hospital, where she joined Dr. Kent Brantly, who arrived from Saturday.
Both aid workers were infected despite taking precautions as they treated Ebola patients at a clinic in Liberia.
Family members said both Americans have been improving after taking the experimental drug; the hospital has not released any information on their conditions. Writebol's employer, the SIM charity, said Tuesday that she remains in serious but stable condition.
The experimental treatment the two were given was developed with U.S. military funding by a San Diego company, using antibodies from lab animals that had been injected with parts of the Ebola virus. Tobacco plants in Kentucky are being used to make the drug, which hasn't yet been tested in humans.
It's impossible to know whether the drug saved these workers, stressed Dr. Tom Frieden, direct of the CDC in Atlanta.
"Every medicine has risks and benefits," he said to reporters at a health symposium in Kentucky. "Until we do a study, we don't know if it helps, if it hurts, or if it doesn't make any difference."
If this treatment works, it could create pressure to speed through testing and production to help contain the disease in Africa. Dozens of African heads of state were meeting with President Barack Obama on Tuesday at a summit in Washington. But it could take years before any treatment can be proven to be effective and safe.
Associated Press correspondents Maria Cheng in London, Kate Brumback in Atlanta, Bruce Schreiner in Hazard, Ky., and Mike Stobbe in New York contributed to this report.

http://www.journal-news.com/ap/ap/top-n ... oms/ngt9X/


PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 7:11 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Monrovia- The outbreak of the deadly Ebola virus is now becoming a nightmare for West Africa as the most powerful and populous country in the region now has a confirmed case of one its citizens besides the death of a Liberian on Nigerian soil.

Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea are severely suffering the outbreak of the virus and with Nigeria now reporting its first case with other suspected cases, should the virus which spreads rapidly as infected patients make contacts with people, spreads in Nigeria with over 160 million people it will be one of the worst disasters in recent African history.

The aftermath of Patrick Sawyer’s death in Nigeria from the deadly Ebola virus is beginning to be felt in that country as one of the doctors who treated the Liberian official has been diagnosed with the virus.

Minister of Health, Professor Onyebuchi Chukwu, confirmed that the doctor, who attended to Sawyer, is now sick with the disease.

The Nigerian officials said two other people placed under quarantine were showing signs of the disease, although it is too early to say if their symptoms relates to Ebola.
Sawyer was Nigeria’s first case of Ebola death two weeks ago, and since his demise there have been widespread fear that the people he came in contact with may contract the disease.

Sawyer was allowed to board an ASKY Airlines flight in Liberia, where Ebola is rife, despite vomiting and suffering from ¬diarrhea. Mr. Sawyer had a stopover in Ghana then changed planes in Togo and flew to the international travel hub of Lagos in Nigeria. The dad-of-three died five days after arriving in the city.

Sawyer’s sister, Princess had died of the deadly virus on Monday, July 7, 2014 at the Catholic Hospital in Monrovia. On Friday, July 25, 2014, 18 days later, Sawyer died in Lagos.

The Administrator at the St. Joseph Catholic Hospital where Sawyer’s sister was treated prior to her death Mr. Patrick Nshairndze contracted the virus and has died of the virus with the hospital shut down for one month.

FrontPageAfrica reported that prior to his death in Lagos, Sawyer had a rather strange - and in the words of medical and diplomatic sources in Lagos, “Indiscipline” encounter with nurses and health workers at First Consultants Hospital in Obalende, one of the most crowded parts of Lagos.

Sawyer transferred on in Togo from the ASKY flight, hospital officials say, he was tested for both malaria and HIV AIDS. However when both tests came back negative, he was then asked whether he had made contact with any person with the Ebola Virus, to which Sawyer denied.

Authorities at the First Consultants Hospital in Obalende despite Sawyer’s denial, tested him for Ebola, due to the fact that he had just arrived from Liberia, where there has been an outbreak of the disease with more than 100 deaths.

The hospital issued a statement stating that Sawyer was quarantined immediately after he was discovered infected with the deadly virus.

FrontPageAfrica learned that upon being told he had Ebola, Mr. Sawyer went into a rage, denying and objecting to the opinion of the medical experts.

“He was so adamant and difficult that he took the tubes from his body and took off his pants and urinated on the health workers, forcing them to flee.

Sawyer was pronounced dead at 6:50 AM Nigeria time, on July 25 and all agencies were properly notified.

Once the case was officially confirmed, the hospital was temporarily shut down and in-house patients immediately evacuated. Sawyer’s body was subsequently cremated under W.H.O guidelines and witnessed by all appropriate agencies, according to the hospital statement. “In keeping with W.H.O guidelines, the hospital is shut down briefly as full decontamination exercise is currently in progress. The re-opening of the hospital will also be in accordance with its guidelines”, the hospital said.

In total, Sawyer reportedly came in direct contact with 59 persons, 44 of whom were at the hospital he was taken to when he fell ill, according to the Lagos State government.

Dr. Jide Idris, the Lagos State Health Commissioner, told a news conference that 20 per cent of those that came in contact with the deceased had been physically screened.

“The private hospital (First Consultant medical Centre) was demobilized and primary source of infection eliminated. The patient has been cremated and the ash will be transferred to the Liberian government whenever the need arises. Decontamination process in all affected areas has commenced,” Dr. Idris said.

Police reports increased violence

In Liberia the police is reporting an increase in violence due to the deadly Ebola outbreak. Police Director Chris Massaquoi told a news conference in Monrovia Friday that the situation has caused the Liberia National Police to begin using nonlethal force to contain the situation.

“There have been increasing cases of violence and attacks on hospitals, health centers and health workers. This has called a lot of citizens to panic in and around Monrovia and in the counties,” said Col. Massaquoi.

“The Liberia National Police with its statutory mandate to protect lives and properties has robustly responded to the above attitude on the part of those either infected or citizens that are causing problems with our health delivery services from our health workers.”

Director Massaquoi said the police has developed an action plan for its operation during the outbreak and will deploy about five hundred officers around the country to combat the outbreak adding that the LNP’s objective is to support the fight against Ebola and to simultaneously maintain law and order.

“We have established an Ebola response team here at these headquarters and we have a hotline to be able to respond to cases of Ebola,” he said.

Col. Massaquoi said the police have devised a strategy to control angry crowd that would be causing confusion during these difficult times.

“We have started to contain areas where individuals and crowds are stoning health workers, also destroying health facilities and also prohibiting the health delivery services to affected communities,” he said.

“We have on that note deployed officers to all of the major health facilities in and around Monrovia and the counties. We have established checkpoints, to conduct testing and identifying victims.”

Massaquoi said officers have been ordered to enforce the prohibition of the sale of Bush-meat and to confiscate such meat that will be seen or caught in and around Monrovia and elsewhere.

He said the government would not allow public demonstrations and the amount of people occupying public and private vehicles that would be plying the streets.

“We have also abolished protests, demonstrations and all marches, we hope our citizens will be able to take note of that. We have also decided to reinforce the improper carrying laws in compliance with our motor vehicle and traffic laws. (section 10.1 (1) (2)),” he said.

“We will ensure that we only have one person in the bucket seat and three persons in the back and for overcrowded buses, those buses will be stopped, individuals will be made to come out of those buses. This will not only be enforced upon commercial vehicles and public vehicles, but also for private vehicles as well.”

While health officials say the virus is transmitted only through direct contact with bodily fluids, many sick patients have refused to go to isolation centers and have infected family members and other caregivers.
The fatality rate has been about 60 percent, and the scenes of patients bleeding from the eyes, mouth and ears has led many relatives to keep their sick family members at home instead. Sierra Leone is now sending teams door-to-door in search of Ebola patients and others who have been exposed to the disease.

http://www.frontpageafricaonline.com/in ... hten-fears


PostPosted: Tue Aug 05, 2014 8:14 pm 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Ebola in Nigeria
Warning - Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel
Alert - Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions
Watch - Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions
Released: August 05, 2014
The purpose of this alert is to notify travelers of the Ebola outbreak in Nigeria and to inform them of measures they can take to minimize their risks of contracting the disease.

At a Glance
Suspected and Confirmed Case Count: 4
Suspected Case Deaths: 1
Laboratory Confirmed Cases: 0
What is the current situation?
According to the World Health Organization, as of August 1, 2014, 4 suspected cases, including 1 death, of Ebola have been reported in Lagos, Nigeria. CDC recommends that travelers to Nigeria protect themselves by avoiding contact with the blood and body fluids of people who are ill with Ebola.
The cases of Ebola in Nigeria are related to an ongoing Ebola outbreak that has been occurring in West Africa since May 2014. This outbreak affects Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone and is the largest outbreak of Ebola in history. At least three Americans have been infected; two are health care workers in an Ebola clinic. For more information about the ongoing outbreak in West Africa, visit Outbreak of Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone on the CDC Ebola website.
What is Ebola?
Ebola virus disease (also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever) is a rare and deadly disease. The disease is native to several African countries and is caused by infection with one of the ebolaviruses (Ebola, Sudan, Bundibugyo, or Taï Forest virus). It is spread by direct contact with a sick person’s blood or body fluids. It is also spread by contact with contaminated objects or infected animals.
Symptoms include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, sore throat, and weakness, followed by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Skin rash, red eyes, and internal and external bleeding may be seen in some patients.
Who is at risk?
Travelers could be infected if they come into contact with blood or body fluids from someone who is sick or has died from Ebola, sick wildlife, or meat from an infected animal. Health care providers caring for Ebola patients and family and friends in close contact with an ill person are at highest risk because they may come into contact with blood or body fluids.
What can travelers do to prevent Ebola?
There is no vaccine or specific treatment for Ebola, and many people who get the disease die. Therefore, it is important to take steps to prevent Ebola.
If you are traveling to Nigeria, please make sure to do the following:
Practice careful hygiene. Avoid contact with blood and body fluids.
Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids.
Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
Avoid contact with animals or with raw meat.
Avoid hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated. The US Embassy or consulate is often able to provide advice on facilities that are suitable for your needs. The US Embassy in Abuja can be reached at +(234) 9-461-4000. The US Consulate in Lagos can be reached at +(234) 1-460-3400.
Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever, headache, achiness, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, or red eyes.
Limit your contact with other people when you travel to the doctor. Do not travel anywhere else.
Pay attention to your health after you return.
Monitor your health for 21 days if you were in an area with an Ebola outbreak, especially if you were in contact with blood or body fluids, items that have come in contact with blood or body fluids, animals or raw meat, or hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated.
Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever, headache, achiness, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, or red eyes.
Tell the doctor about your recent travel and your symptoms before you go to the office or emergency room. Advance notice will help the doctor care for you and protect other people who may be in the office.
Special Recommendation for Health Care Workers
Health care workers who may be exposed to people with the disease should follow these steps:
Wear protective clothing, including masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection.
Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures. For more information, see “Infection Control for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting.”
Isolate Ebola patients from unprotected people.
Avoid direct contact with the bodies of people who have died from Ebola.
Notify health officials if you have been exposed to someone with Ebola.
Traveler Information
CDC Ebola factsheet
CDC Ebola website
People Working and Living Abroad
US Embassy Security Message: Update on Ebola Hemorrhagic FeverExternal Web Site Icon
Health Information for Travelers to Nigeria
Clinician Information
CDC Ebola website
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers in CDC Health Information for International Travelers 2014—"Yellow Book"
Health Information for Travelers to Nigeria
Information for Airline Personnel
Ebola Guidance for Airlines



PostPosted: Wed Aug 06, 2014 12:01 am 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
Ebola: Lagos traces infected doctor’s contacts

Lagos State Government yesterday said it had started compiling a comprehensive list of all the primary and secondary contacts of the Nigerian female doctor who contracted Ebola Virus Disease, EVD, from the late Patrick Sawyer.

This is part of the measures to curb the spread of the disease.

The government also dispelled the rumour that the infected doctor was dead.

The Commissioner for Health, Dr. Jide Idris, disclosed this while giving an update on the outbreak of the killer disease in Lagos.

According to him, contact- tracing is one of the necessary precautionary measures needed to curb the spread of the deadly disease.

He urged the public to be vigilant, especially with sick people.Idris said: “In the case of the newly- infected person, we have contacted her family and have opened comprehensive lists of both primary and secondary contacts.

“There is no panic as long as basic precautionary measures such as hand washing, adoption of appropriate waste management and enhanced personal/environmental hygiene are adhered to.

“This is a call for everyone to be vigilant, especially with regard to relating with people who are ill.”

The commissioner appealed to medical doctors in public hospitals to reconsider their decision to continue with the ongoing strike, saying it would be more difficult to control the spread of the disease if indigenous health workers shied away from helping the suspected and infected cases.

“While appreciating the various health workers who have selflessly committed to this cause in the areas of contact- tracing, case management, decontamination, etc, this is a clarion call for all volunteer health workers – doctors, nurses, environmental health workers, phlebotomists – to complement our workforce.

“I appeal to striking doctors to return to work and to other health workers to sheathe their swords and embrace team work.

“We also count on the cooperation of the good people of Lagos State as your government, in partnership with the Federal Government, may need to take some decisions in the overriding interest of the public,” the commissioner said.

Elaborating on the mode of transition of the disease, the commissioner said the disease could only be transmitted through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person, stressing that “until an infected person was seriously sick of the virus, he or she is not infectious”.

He said: “We need to again highlight the mode of transmission of Ebola Virus Disease. Once a person is infected with Ebola, the disease is transmissible through direct contact with broken skin, mucous membrane and secretions of an infected person or through direct contact with materials and surfaces that have been contaminated by the infected person.

“This is a call for vigilance as human-to- human transmission is only achieved by physical contact with a person who is acutely and gravely ill from Ebola Virus through body fluids such as urine, stool, saliva, breast milk and semen.”

To prevent the spread of the virus in Ekiti State, the state government is to begin screening of corpses being taken into or out of the state.

The Commissioner for Health, Prof. Olusola Fasubaa, said that it had become mandatory for people in the state to obtain death certificates from government health facilities for all deaths recorded in the state and all corpses awaiting burial.

Fasubaa added that government would continue to strengthen infection prevention and control mechanism in all the health facilities in the state.

He added that safe and adequate disposal methods for waste and infected corpses would be adopted by the state.

The commissioner spoke yesterday while setting up a 30-man multi-ministerial committee as part of efforts to prevent and ensure prompt diagnosis and manage possible identified cases of the dreaded disease.

He promised that ambulance support would be provided for suspected infected persons from their respective locations and the premises properly decontaminated while surveillance measures would be intensified using community-member approach.

The commissioner, who released hotlines to be contacted in case of any emergency, urged the people to be vigilant and report suspected cases of Ebola to relevant authorities, adling that signs to watch out for include vomiting with or without diarrhoea and bleeding with or without dehydration.

Fasubaa stressed that it was dangerous to harbour people with symptoms of the disease particularly those that recently travelled to the virus-prone areas.

He also noted that large gatherings promoted the spread of the virus and charged the people to be wary of such to curtail the disease.

Fasubaa said that the government’s proactive stance was to prevent and control transmission of the disease to the state in view of the frightening 90 per cent mortality rate of the current outbreak of the virus which had led to world-wide panic.

He said the committee comprised of members from different relevant sectors, including health, information, police and other security agencies, road transport workers and women groups that would track and refer suspected infected people for proper treatment.

According to him, selected hospital wards in three general hospitals across the three senatorial districts of the state at Ode, Ifaki and Okemesi had been set aside as case management centres.

He commended Governor Kayode Fayemi for exhibiting remarkable political will and doggedness in the efforts at halting the spread of the virus, saying the strategy of the state was to ensure early detection, prompt notification and surveillance as well as adopt infection prevention control mechanism everywhere in the state.

Meanwhile, Benue State Governor Gabriel Suswam also said measures were being taken to prevent the spread of the virus to the state.

The governor said the Commissioner for Health and Human Services, Dr. Orduen Abunku, had been charged to lead health practitioners in sensitising the public to mode of spread and how to prevent the scourge.

http://nationalmirroronline.net/new/ebo ... -contacts/


PostPosted: Wed Aug 06, 2014 6:56 am 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
— Aug. 6, 2014 6:33 AM EDT

ABUJA, Nigeria (AP) — Nigeria's health minister says a nurse died of Ebola and the country has five additional confirmed cases of the disease.

Onyebuchi Chukwu said Wednesday that all the Ebola cases are being treated in isolation in Lagos, sub-Saharan Africa's largest city with 21 million people. He said the nurse had treated the man who traveled from Liberia and died of Ebola in Lagos last month.

The five other confirmed cases are believed to be health workers who treated Liberian-American Patrick Sawyer who was sick when he flew into Lagos and died days later on July 25.

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/nigerian ... died-ebola


PostPosted: Wed Aug 06, 2014 7:14 am 

Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2009 10:42 am
Posts: 56044
Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
A nurse, who was part of the medical team that attended to the late Liberian-American, Patrick Sawyer, who died of Ebola virus in Lagos on July 25, has died of the Virus disease; PUNCH reported.

The Nurse who was not named died on August 5. Her death was announced by Minister of Health, Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu, at a news conference in Abuja.

Chukwu also confirmed that five other medical practitioners who participated in the treatment are already infected with the virus.

"Nigeria has now recorded seven confirmed cases of Ebola Virus Disease. The first one was the index case, which is the imported case from Liberia of which the victim is now late.

"Yesterday, 5th August, 2014, the first known Nigerian to die of the EVD was recorded and this was one of the nurses that attended to the Liberian. The other five cases are currently being treated at the Isolation Ward in Lagos.

Also, yesterday, Dr. Tope Ojo, Chairman, Nigerian Medical Association,Lagos State chapter disclosed that the matron of the hospital where Sawyer, was admitted for treatment was showing symptoms of Ebola virus.

http://www.nigerianbulletin.com/threads ... ion.87311/


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