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PostPosted: Mon Dec 02, 2013 10:25 pm 
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MERS-CoV: UAE reports cases, Qatar finds infected camels
Filed Under: MERS-CoV

The World Health Organization (WHO) said today that the UAE cases involved a 38-year-old man, a 32-year-old woman, and their 8-year-old son. Media reports said the three were from Jordan, but the WHO statement did not list their nationality. A report today in the UAE newspaper The National said the mother has died of her illness.

Robert Roos | News Editor | CIDRAP News | Dec 02, 2013

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) yesterday reported three Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) cases in one young family, including a pregnant woman. That report came 4 days after Qatari officials revealed that the virus was found in three camels with links to two human case-patients.


The report from Qatar marks the second time the virus has been found in camels, the previous instance having been reported by Saudi Arabia about 3 weeks ago. But scientists have not yet found conclusive evidence that camels are a source of human infections.

UAE family cluster

The earliest onset of illness in the UAE cases was Nov 15, the WHO said. The parents were in critical condition yesterday, while their son had mild respiratory symptoms. The mother gave birth to a child while she was hospitalized for treatment, the agency said.

The three patients had no recent travel history, no contact with other known case-patients, and no recent contact with animals, the agency said.

The 8-year-old's infection was found through an epidemiologic investigation of the parents' contacts, and he is isolated in a hospital. Further investigations of the family's close contacts, the newborn baby, and healthcare workers are continuing, the WHO said.

The death of the 32-year-old mother was reported today by the Health Authority Abu Dhabi, according to The National. The story gave no other new details.

The WHO in today's statement also reported that two other Qatari MERS patients, whose cases were announced earlier, died on Nov 19 and 29, but it gave no details about the patients. A media report on Nov 19 had noted the MERS-CoV-related death of a 61-year-old man who was a foreign visitor in Qatar.

The WHO's MERS-CoV count now stands at 163 confirmed cases and 70 deaths.

Infected camels

Qatari officials reported the infected camels in a statement dated Nov 27, and the WHO followed up with its own statement Nov 29.

The WHO said the camel infections were found during the investigations of two human cases in Qatar, both in October. One involved a 61-year-old man who owns a farm and had significant contact with camels, sheep, and hens. The other case involved a 23-year-old man who worked in the other patient's barn. Qatar's Supreme Council of Health (SCH) said both of those patients recovered.

The WHO said the three infected camels were among a herd of 14 that were tested in the investigation of the human cases. All the camels seemed healthy or showed only mild signs of illness when samples were collected for MERS-CoV testing, and their status didn't change during their ensuing 40 days in isolation, the agency said.

Dutch scientists who helped with the investigation detected MERS-CoV RNA in nose swabs from the three camels tested, and they confirmed the result by sequencing a fragment of the virus, according to a Nov 29 ScienceInsider report.

All contacts of the two patients, along with another worker in the barn, tested negative for the virus, the WHO reported. The epidemiologic investigation was conducted by Qatari authorities with help from an international team assembled by the WHO and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

"These results demonstrate that camels can be infected with MERS-CoV but there is insufficient information to indicate the role camels and other animals may be playing in the possible transmission of the virus, including to and from humans," the WHO said.

The SCH is working with the Netherlands' National Institute for Public Health and the Environment and with Erasmus Medical Center to test samples from other animals and the environment of the barn, the WHO added.

The SCH statement said Qatar's Public Health Department and Department of Animal Resources "are conducting a national survey to investigate the presence of virus in animals, humans, and the environment, and the potential modes of transmission and exposure to the virus among humans who are in close contacts with animals." It recommended that any animals that have had contact with human case-patients should be isolated and tested.

The WHO also warned that people at risk for severe disease due to MERS-CoV should avoid close contact with animals when visiting farms or barns where the virus may be circulating. Others are advised to use general hygiene measures in such settings.

Previous camel finding in Saudi Arabia

The first report of a camel infected with MERS-CoV came from Saudi Arabia on Nov 11. Investigators tested the camel in connection with a MERS case in a 43-year-old man from Jeddah, who owned animals.

The Saudi Ministry of Health vowed to isolate the camel virus and compare its genome with that of the virus in the camel's owner. If the isolates were identical, it would increase the likelihood that the camel was the source of the human infection. But Saudi officials have not yet reported results of the sequencing.

Studies published in recent months showed that camels in Oman, Egypt, and the Canary Islands carried antibodies to MERS-CoV or a closely related virus, but the virus itself had not been found in a camel or any other animal until the discovery in Saudi Arabia.

The WHO, in a Nov 22 summary of MERS-CoV developments, observed that all four of the recent MERS-CoV cases in Qatar involved people who had contact with farm animals.

However, the agency also said that most of the sporadic MERS-CoV cases—those not linked with any other previous cases—involved patients with no history of exposure to camels.

In other developments, the WHO announced today that its emergency committee on MERS-CoV will hold its fourth meeting on Dec 4. The panel, convened under the International Health Regulations, declared at its previous meetings that the disease did not yet constitute an international public health emergency.

See also:

Dec 2 WHO update on cases in Abu Dhabi

Dec 2 The National story

Nov 29 WHO statement on Qatar camel infections

Nov 27 Qatar Supreme Council of Health statement

Nov 29 ScienceInsider story
http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspect ... ted-camels

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PostPosted: Tue Dec 03, 2013 9:15 pm 
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Midnight Special

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
Special Update
Report On MERS

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PostPosted: Tue Dec 03, 2013 9:18 pm 
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niman wrote:
Midnight Special

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
Special Update
Report On MERS

http://www.rense.com/about/guests.htm

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PostPosted: Tue Dec 03, 2013 11:33 pm 
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niman wrote:
Midnight Special

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
Special Update
Report On MERS

http://www.renseradio.com/listenlive.htm

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 04, 2013 12:47 pm 
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niman wrote:
Midnight Special

Dr. Henry L. Niman, PhD
Special Update
Report On MERS


http://rense.gsradio.net:8080/rense/spe ... 120313.mp3

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 04, 2013 4:54 pm 
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These countries have submitted the following immediate notifications to OIE in response to epidemiologically significant events. Click on an event to find more information
Summary Report Country Date of Notification Disease Reason for notification Disease manifestation Outbreaks Date resolved
Qatar 28/11/2013 MERS-CoV Emerging disease 1 Continuing


http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... tryreports

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PostPosted: Wed Dec 04, 2013 5:04 pm 
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http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rmation/WI

Weekly Disease InformationVol. 26 - No. 49, 5 December, 2013

03/12/2013: Rabies, Chinese Taipei, (Follow-up report No. 43)
03/12/2013: Bluetongue, Italy, (Follow-up report No. 3)
03/12/2013: Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry), Chinese Taipei, (Follow-up report No. 1)
03/12/2013: Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry), Germany, (Immediate notification)
03/12/2013: Equine rhinopneumonitis, Chile, (Immediate notification)
02/12/2013: Newcastle disease, Israel, (Follow-up report No. 1)
02/12/2013: Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry), Netherlands, (Immediate notification)
02/12/2013: Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry), Portugal, (Immediate notification)
29/11/2013: Foot and mouth disease, Russia, (Follow-up report No. 21)
29/11/2013: Lumpy skin disease, Turkey, (Follow-up report No. 6)
29/11/2013: Rabies, Congo (Rep. of the), (Immediate notification)

Vol. 26 - No. 48, 28 November, 2013

28/11/2013: Newcastle disease, Cyprus, (Follow-up report No. 7)
28/11/2013: Infectious salmon anaemia, Norway, (Follow-up report No. 2)
28/11/2013: Foot and mouth disease, Israel, (Follow-up report No. 1)
28/11/2013: Bluetongue, Canada, (Immediate notification)
28/11/2013: Classical swine fever, Korea (Rep. of), (Immediate notification)
28/11/2013: MERS-CoV, Qatar, (Immediate notification)
27/11/2013: Rabies, Chinese Taipei, (Follow-up report No. 42)
27/11/2013: Foot and mouth disease, South Africa, (Follow-up report No. 2)
27/11/2013: Oyster herpesvirus (OsHV-1, µvar), United Kingdom, (Follow-up report No. 1)
27/11/2013: Lumpy skin disease, Iraq, (Immediate notification)
25/11/2013: African swine fever, Russia, (Follow-up report No. 108)
25/11/2013: Rabies, Greece, (Follow-up report No. 23)
25/11/2013: Foot and mouth disease, Russia, (Follow-up report No. 20)
25/11/2013: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Australia, (Follow-up report No. 4)
22/11/2013: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, Chile, (Follow-up report No. 5)

Vol. 26 - No. 47, 21 November, 2013

21/11/2013: Lumpy skin disease, Turkey, (Follow-up report No. 5)
21/11/2013: Foot and mouth disease, Israel, (Immediate notification)
20/11/2013: Rabies, Chinese Taipei, (Follow-up report No. 41)
20/11/2013: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, Guinea, (Immediate notification)
19/11/2013: African swine fever, Zambia, (Immediate notification)
18/11/2013: Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry), Germany, (Immediate notification)
17/11/2013: Sheep pox and goat pox, Greece, (Follow-up report No. 8)
17/11/2013: Rift Valley fever, Mauritania, (Follow-up report No. 1)
17/11/2013: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, Senegal, (Immediate notification)
15/11/2013: Anthrax, Sweden, (Follow-up report No. 2)
15/11/2013: Fowl typhoid, United Kingdom, (Immediate notification)
15/11/2013: Classical swine fever, Russia, (Immediate notification)

Vol. 26 - No. 46, 14 November, 2013

14/11/2013: Contagious equine metritis, South Africa, (Follow-up report No. 6)
14/11/2013: Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, Chile, (Follow-up report No. 4)
13/11/2013: Rabies, Chinese Taipei, (Follow-up report No. 40)
12/11/2013: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Nepal, (Follow-up report No. 13)
12/11/2013: Lumpy skin disease, Turkey, (Follow-up report No. 4)
11/11/2013: Highly pathogenic avian influenza, India, (Follow-up report No. 1)
08/11/2013: Rabies, Greece, (Follow-up report No. 22)
08/11/2013: Foot and mouth disease, Russia, (Follow-up report No. 19)
08/11/2013: Anthrax, Sweden, (Follow-up report No. 1)
08/11/2013: Red sea bream iridoviral disease, Japan, (Immediate notification)

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PostPosted: Fri Dec 06, 2013 2:01 am 
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HE Mr. Ahmed Bin Amer Al-Hamidi, Minister of Environment that the livestock in the country safe against leakage of the virus, "Corona," the virus that causes AIDS Middle East respiratory and epidemiological situation of the disease the "Corona" stable was not detected new cases of either animals or humans as a result of mixing animals, stressing that there are great efforts exerted by the Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the Supreme Council of Health to lay siege to the virus through continuous inspection of livestock and humans in contact with animals.

Mr. Farhood Hadi Al Hajri, director of animal health, referring to an examination veterinary laboratory for a large number of camels in the area Hehanih an area that was discovered by the injury only infected with coronavirus in addition to checking the number of persons in contact with animals and in partnership with the Supreme Council of Health, international organizations and the laboratory Dutch as part of a comprehensive national survey of the animals to ensure their safety and trapping the virus and prevent its spread.

He stressed that the yard planted this year in addition to the sale of live animals Kalognam, fish and poultry by 20 barn for livestock every barn containing a maximum of 15 upside in addition to a separate hall for poultry and the same for fish as well as private store sells feed has taken livestock management a number of precautions to ensure the safety products that are sold in the arena through the work of checking virtual laboratory for sheep and issuing a health certificate on behalf of the seller and buyer are also transfer the ownership of the animal by documenting the sales process by number of animals and registrar records of the ministry so that the transfer of ownership of the animal from the seller to the buyer and then the yard livestock Palmzruah open the door to buyers either for slaughter or breeding, including works on opening a new port for the marketing of animals reduces the control of brokers and guarantees the buyer's purchase of an animal sound with excellent quality and favorable price.

He pointed out that it has been allocated a separate building to the yard poultry and eggs next to the yard of livestock and will be allocated this arena to display all types of poultry market country, which include chicken municipal and chicken farms, ducks, geese, quail and other addition to the fresh eggs and the presentation arena breeders of farm owners, Ranches, and also planned to is conducting a medical examination on the birds sold before allowing viewing arena to make sure they are free of disease, which ensures that the buyer get a fresh poultry and excellent quality and at lower prices than those outside the market.

The same section for sale of fresh fish inside yard vegetables Palmzruah which accommodates six hunters who offer fresh local fish Qatar with high quality and favorable prices. In this context, there is a strict control procedures carried out by the Ministry of the Environment in order to ensure the safety and quality of fish sold.

http://www.raya.com/news/pages/60fede7d ... b43912ba6d

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