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PostPosted: Thu Nov 28, 2013 1:08 pm 
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Abu Dhabi - Sky News Arabia

The Supreme Council of Health in Qatar, on Thursday, recording the first confirmed cases Corona virus, that causes respiratory syndrome, the Middle East, with three heads of camels "in the barn one," according to an official statement.

The statement said that these cases "in connection with the two previous cases equalize laboratory among humans has been Chweahma, all contacts were examined for two of the humans, and the results were negative."

The Board reached this results in the framework of cooperation with the Ministry of Environment, and the Dutch Ministry of Health, and the Faculty of "Erasmus" Medical in the Netherlands.

The virus has been detected 3 Ebel heads, out of 14 in the barn.

It was not the 14 camels suffering from symptoms when I took samples of which were isolated as a precaution for 40 days, and is still in good condition.

The three people died in Qatar because of the Corona virus.

The Ministry of Health Saudi Arabia, earlier this month, for the first time, the discovery of infected camel Coruna province in Jeddah, western Saudi Arabia.

But as long as the World Health Organization expressed its belief that the virus is transmitted through animals, but has not yet been able to find concrete evidence of this.

Overall, Saudi Arabia recorded the highest number of casualties since the emergence of the virus in September 2012.

The number of deaths from the virus in the Kingdom of Corona 55 people, among the 130 became ill.

http://www.skynewsarabia.com/web/articl ... 9%86%D8%A7

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PostPosted: Thu Nov 28, 2013 1:19 pm 
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Doha (Independent) ... health authorities announced in Qatar, on Wednesday evening, the first case of an outbreak of laboratory confirmed the virus Coruna between 3 camels in Qatar, bringing the number of camels infected with HIV in the world to 4, after the announcement of Saudi Arabia for the registration of the first infected by 3 weeks.

The Supreme Council of Health said in a statement carried by the official QNA news agency yesterday evening, he and the Ministry of Environment Qatar, in collaboration with the National Institute of Public Health and Environment, the Ministry of Health in the Netherlands RIVM, and the College of Aarasems medical Erasmus MC in the Netherlands, recorded its first case of the outbreak of laboratory confirmed the virus " coronavirus "that causes respiratory syndrome, the Middle East, between the three camels in Qatar, in the barn one.

The statement pointed out that these three cases were linked to two cases previous laboratory equalize between humans has been Chweahma, describing this as a "scientific discovery," the statement pointed out that "it was all checked in contact with two of the humans and the results were negative."

The statement said that "the three cases were examined within 14 camels, sampled on the basis of epidemiological study the joint between the Public Health Department at the Supreme Council of Health, and the Department of Livestock, Ministry of Environment." (End

http://www.mustaqila.com/2013/11/%D8%A3 ... %81%D9%89/

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 1:39 am 
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Camels test positive for MERS; from Qatari farm where 2 men fell ill

By: Helen Branswell, The Canadian Press

Posted: 8:15 AM | Comments: 0 | Last Modified: 5:28 PM
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Camels race on the outskirts of Doha, Qatar, in a July 13, 2005 photo. THE CANADIAN PRESS/AP

Health officials in Qatar have announced they have found the MERS coronavirus in three camels from a farm where two people also contracted the virus.

While scientists are still trying to isolate the full virus from samples taken from the camels, the multiple fragments of RNA recovered are conclusive that the virus is MERS, Marion Koopmans, a Dutch virologist who is leading the laboratory work on the investigation, said in an interview.

"We have definitive proof that it's MERS coronavirus," Koopmans said in an interview from the Netherlands on Thursday.

The viral fragments were isolated from nose swabs taken from the camels, Koopmans said.

But finding infected camels and infected people on the same farm does not prove that the former transmitted the virus to the latter, she said.

It is theoretically possible that the camels contracted the virus from the people — two men, both of whom survived their brush with MERS. Or some other animal or animals on the farm may have played a role in the transmission dynamic.

"How they (the camels) got it and what the relationship (to humans) is, that still remains open, I think," said Koopmans, who is chief of virology for the National Institute of Public Health for the Netherlands.

She praised the Qatari investigators, saying the work done on the farm was thorough and carefully done, with lots of information and specimens gathered. Scientists in the Netherlands — who were asked to help — are still testing samples from other animals, and sifting through the information the Qataris gathered. There are only a few laboratories in the world that are equipped to do this type of work.

Koopmans cautioned against jumping to conclusions at this point.

"We have to put everything together carefully and then see what it tells us," she said. "It's still very much an ongoing investigation, so I think we need to really piece the information together."

To date the World Health Organization has confirmed 160 infections with the new virus, which is from the same family as the SARS coronavirus. All of the infections either occurred in, or have links back to six countries in the Middle East: Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Kuwait.

In the 14 months since the world learned there was a new coronavirus spreading on the Arabian Peninsula, suspicion has often focused on camels. That's because from time to time there have been reports that an infected person owned camels or attended camel races. But the WHO says many of the people who have contracted this virus reported no contact with the beasts.

The working hypothesis is the virus originated in bats, as SARS likely did before it. But people typically don't have a lot of contact with bats, and scientists have assumed some animal or animals is playing a bridging role, transmitting MERS to people.

Koopmans and colleagues uncovered a big clue earlier this year, finding antibodies to MERS or a similar virus in camels from Oman and the Canary Islands. A later study found them in camels in Egypt as well.

But antibodies signal prior exposure to a pathogen. To confirm that camels play a role in this story, science needs evidence of current infection — which is what the Qatar team is reporting.

Earlier this month the deputy minister of health for Saudi Arabia, Dr. Ziad Memish, also reported a similar finding from a single camel in that country. Memish said at the time that work was underway to compare the genetic sequences of viral material taken from the camel and the man who owned him, who had also contracted the virus.

Memish has not responded to repeated requests for information on how that work is progressing.

Koopmans said the findings will answer some questions but raises others.

"This is our first clue which further fills out the whole story," agreed Bart Haagmans, a Dutch virologist who is involved in the laboratory side of this investigation.

"But there's more work to do, especially on routes of transmission."

Haagmans, who is with Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam, said the team believes the findings are solid. They used three different tests, and found multiple fragments of viral RNA. As well, he said, the camels have developed antibodies to MERS.

What remains to be discovered — the key question the WHO would like to see answered — is how people are becoming infected with this virus. It is also critical to find out how much of a role animal-to-person spread is playing at this point and how much transmission is person to person.

"For sure there is a part of the outbreak that is caused by human-to-human transmission," Haagmans said.

"The question is, what is the fraction of these cases? And how many independent introductions do you have through zoonotic (from an animal) transmission?"


http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/arts-a ... 46141.html

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 1:40 am 
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Published Date: 2013-11-28 17:37:14
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (92): animal reservoir, camel susp, Qatar, RFI
Archive Number: 20131128.2080449

MERS-COV - EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (92): ANIMAL RESERVOIR, CAMEL SUSPECTED, QATAR, REQUEST FOR INFORMATION
********************************************************************************************************
A ProMED-mail post
http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
http://www.isid.org

[1]
Date: Wed 27 Nov 2013
Source: Qatar Supreme Council of Health, official website [edited]
http://www.sch.gov.qa/sch/En/catcontent ... 8608505642


The Supreme Council of Health and the Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the National Institute of Public Health and Environment (RIVM) of the Ministry of Health and the Erasmus Medical Centre in the Netherlands announced confirmation of the 1st cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in 3 camels in a herd in Qatar, in a barn, which are linked to 2 confirmed human cases who have since then recovered.

For transparency purposes, we can confirm that the 3 camels were investigated among a herd of 14 camels, and the samples were collected as part of the epidemiological investigation in coordination between the Public Health Department and the Department of Animal Resources. It is to be noted that none of the 14 camels showed any sign of disease when the samples were collected. As a precautionary measure, the 14 camels were put in quarantine since the initial sampling and after 40 days as of now, none have shown any symptom or sign of the disease.

For information, the presence of the MERS-CoV is newly recognized among animals and currently there is neither a clear scientific case definition nor enough information as to the role animals may play in transmitting and spreading the disease.

All contacts of the 2 recovered MERS-CoV cases, including relatives, friends, and workers in the same barn have been screened, with negative results. The 2 Departments are following up with the reference laboratory and Erasmus Medical Centre to test additional samples from other animal species and from the environment of the barn. The joint team of the Supreme Council of Health and the Department of Animal Resources is continuously monitoring the development of this disease and taking all necessary measures to prevent the spread of the disease.

This discovery came as a result of the collaborative efforts between the 2 ministries, and the RIVM laboratory and Erasmus Medical Centre in the Netherlands, together with the World Health Organization (WHO). Currently the 2 Departments are conducting a national survey to investigate the presence of virus in animals, humans, and the environment, and the potential modes of transmission and exposure to the virus among humans who are in close contact with animals. Until more information is available, it is recommended that, as a precautionary measure, any animals that have been in close contact with newly detected human MERS-CoV cases be separated for investigation of the presence of infection with the virus.

It is also recommended that people with underlying health conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, respiratory disease, the immunosuppressed and the elderly, avoid any close animal contacts when visiting farms and markets, and to practice good hygiene, such as washing hands.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

******
[2]
Date: Thu 28 Nov 2013
Source: The Province, Canadian Press report [edited]
http://www.theprovince.com/health/Camel ... story.html


Health officials in Qatar have announced they have found MERS or a MERS-like virus in 3 camels. The camels were from a single farm where 2 men also contracted the virus.

The finding provides further evidence that camels can at the very least be infected with MERS or a very similar virus.

But it does not prove camels are driving the outbreak of the new coronavirus, which is a cousin of the virus that caused the 2003 SARS outbreak.

Recently officials from Saudi Arabia also reported a similar finding from a single camel in that country.

The World Health Organization has confirmed 160 infections with the new virus, all in or linked to 6 countries in the Middle East.

"This is our 1st clue which further fills out the whole story," says Bart Haagmans, a Dutch virologist who is involved in the effort to test the camel specimens. "But there's more work to do, especially on routes of transmission."

Haagmans, who is with Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam, says the team believes the findings are solid. They used 3 different tests, and found multiple fragments of viral RNA. As well, the camels have developed antibodies to MERS, or a MERS-like virus, he says. Sequencing of that material is ongoing.

It has been reported that other types of animals were also present on the farm. Haagmans says testing of specimens from other animals is still under way.

While the working hypothesis is the virus originated in bats, scientists have been trying to figure out how people are becoming infected with it.

The assumption has been that one or perhaps several species of animals contracted the bat virus and are now spreading it among themselves and occasionally to humans.

A lot of attention has focused on camels. From time to time there have been reports that a person who became infected owned camels or attended camel races. But the WHO says many of the people who have contracted this virus reported no contact with the beasts.

Earlier this year [2013] European researchers reported finding antibodies to MERS or a similar virus in camels from Oman, the Canary Islands, and Egypt.

But antibodies signal prior infection. To confirm that camels play a role in this story, science needs evidence of current infection.

Even with these findings, much of the puzzle remains to be completed. How are people contracting this virus? What puts them at risk? And what portion of cases involve animal-to-human spread at this point?

"For sure there is a part of the outbreak that is caused by human-to-human transmission," says Haagmans. "The question is, what is the fraction of these cases? And how many independent introductions do you have through zoonotic -- from an animal -- transmission?"

The team involved in this work -- from Qatar, the WHO, and the Netherlands -- is working on a scientific paper to lay out their findings.

[Byline: Helen Branswell]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall

[As rightly indicated in the official report of the Qatar health authority (item 1 above), "the presence of the MERS-CoV [antibodies?] is newly recognized among animals, and currently there is neither a clear scientific case definition nor enough information as to the role animals may play in transmitting and spreading the disease." This is also the current view of the OIE, namely: "Serology tests for MERS-CoV have not yet been validated in animals and may not be reliable. If these tests, which may not be sufficiently specific, are used in animals, there is a risk that 'false positive' results will occur because it may not be possible to differentiate antibodies to MERS-CoV from antibodies to other coronaviruses, commonly found in animals. That is why tests in animals should focus on isolating and identifying the virus itself" (see ProMED-mail 20131119.2064239).

As apparent from item 2 above, the discovery of the 3 camel "cases" in Qatar is based upon serological tests; more specifically, "3 different tests" applied by the Dutch investigators. Further details of the techniques applied and on their respective validation status will be helpful.

On 12 Nov 2013, Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health notified the 1st time that a camel related to a human case had tested positive for MERS-CoV by PCR (see ProMED-mail 20131112.2051424). Reportedly, further testing was ongoing to sequence the patient's and the camel's viruses and compare genetic similarity levels to conclude causality. The results of these tests are not yet available. - Mod.AS\

[Photos of how to get SARS:
http://humourcloud.com/wp-content/uploa ... ..-lol.jpg
http://www.nodeju.com/wp-content/upload ... -mouth.jpg
- Mod.JW

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/r/25dH.]


See Also
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (89): animal reservoir, camel susp 20131119.2064239
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (87): animal res. camel susp. precautions 20131113.2053932
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (85): animal reservoir, camel, susp, official 20131112.2051424
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (83): animal reservoir, camel, susp, RFI 20131112.2050868
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (75): role of bats in emergence, Saudi Arabia new cases 20131011.1996687
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (68): animal reservoir, camel, research 20130907.1929762
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (66): animal reservoir, discussion 20130904.1922998
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (61): animal reservoir, bat, comment 20130828.1907567
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (57): animal reservoir, bats 20130822.1895035
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (54): feline reservoir susp, RFI 20130815.1882273
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (53): animal reservoir, serology, FAO 20130811.1875301
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (52): animal reservoir, research, serology 20130809.1872008
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (50): animal reservoir, OIE 20130727.1849047
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (48): animal reservoir, bat susp 20130725.1844412
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (39): animal reservoir, research 20130706.1810714
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (25): Saudi Arabia, genome 20130612.1768944
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (10): animal reservoir, research 20130524.1735984
Novel coronavirus - East. Med. (07): Saudi Arabia, UK, Germany 20130221.1554109
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (03): animal reservoir, RFI 20130519.1723544
MERS-CoV - Eastern Mediterranean (02): WHO summary, ECDC risk assessments 20130518.1721873
Novel coronavirus - Eastern Mediterranean (15): camel exposure 20130405.1623188
2012
----
Novel coronavirus - Saudi Arabia: human isolate 20120920.1302733
.................................................arn/mj/mpp/arn/mj/jw
http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=2080449

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 1:56 am 
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DOHA: The Ministry of Environment is taking measures to protect livestock in the country, especially camels, after three camels in a farm were found infected with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

The cases were detected in a farm where 14 camels were kept. Other camels in the farm have been isolated and examined as a precautionary measure.

These are the first cases of animals in the country having been infected with MERS, which has caused the death of five people, including two expatriates. Nine people, six of them Qataris, have tested positive for the virus so far.

The Supreme Council of Health (SCH) and the ministry said in a joint statement on Wednesday that the three MERS cases among camels were linked to two human cases that had been cured.

There are no sufficient scientific information about the role of animals in the transmission of the disease and its spread, said the statement.

The incident has prompted authorities to take precautionary measures, according to Al Sharq. Veterinarians from the ministry have started visiting farms and grazing grounds across the country to test animals for potential infection.

All suspected cases involving animals and people who come in contact with them will be isolated and tested as a precaution, said the daily.

The ministry also plans a nationwide survey to assess the health condition of livestock and their vulnerability to the deadly virus.

According to figures cited by the daily, there are 66,682 camels in the country, the majority of which are in Al Shamal Municipality (54,583).

Al Rayyan Municipality has 4,916 camels, Al Wakra 1,682 and Umm Salal 3,639.

The ministry has urged people to avoid mixing with animals, especially people suffering from chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart diseases, kidney and respiratory diseases and immunodeficiency.

http://dohapress.com/local-news/29847-m ... -livestock

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 11:47 am 
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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) - update


Disease outbreak news

29 November 2013 - On 27 November, 2013, the National IHR Focal Point of Qatar notified WHO that the Supreme Council for Health and the Ministry of Environment, in collaboration with the National Institute of Public Health and Environment (RIVM) of the Ministry of Health and the Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands, have detected Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in a herd of camels in a barn linked to two confirmed human infections infections (see DONs dated 18/10/13 and 29/10/13).

Qatar investigation findings

Following the detection of two human cases infected with MERS-CoV, Qatar authorities (Public Health Department and the Department of Animal Resources) conducted a comprehensive epidemiological investigation into potential sources of exposure of human cases, with the support of an international team constituted by WHO and FAO.

Laboratory investigations at RIVM and Erasmus Medical Center have confirmed the presence of MERS-COV in 3 camels in a herd of 14 animals with which both human cases had contact. As a precautionary measure, the 14 camels on the farm have been isolated. All camels were asymptomatic or with mild symptoms when samples were taken and remained so during the following 40 days. All contacts of the two confirmed human cases, as well as the other worker employed in this barn, have been screened and laboratory tests were all negative for MERS-CoV.

These results demonstrate that camels can be infected with MERS-CoV but there is insufficient information to indicate the role camels and other animals may be playing in the possible transmission of the virus, including to and from humans. The Supreme Council of Health is working with the RIVM and the Erasmus Medical Center to test additional samples from other animal species and from the environment of the barn. In addition, the Public Health Department and the Department of Animal Resources are conducting further studies at the national level to investigate the infection risk among individuals in close contact with animals.

People at high risk of severe disease due to MERS-CoV should avoid close contact with animals when visiting farms or barn areas where the virus is known to be potentially circulating. For the general public, when visiting a farm or a barn, general hygiene measures, such as regular hand washing before and after touching animals, avoiding contact with sick animals, and following food hygiene practices, should be adhered to.

WHO is working with the Qatari authorities to further review these findings and to develop additional guidance as necessary.

Globally, from September 2012 to date, WHO has been informed of a total of 160 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV, including 68 deaths.

WHO MERS-CoV guidance to countries

Based on the current situation and available information, WHO encourages all Member States to continue their surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) and to carefully review any unusual patterns.

Health care providers are advised to maintain vigilance. Recent travellers returning from the Middle East who develop SARI should be tested for MERS-CoV as advised in the current surveillance recommendations.

Patients diagnosed and reported to date have had respiratory disease as their primary illness. Diarrhoea is commonly reported among the patients and severe complications include renal failure and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with shock. It is possible that severely immunocompromised patients can present with atypical signs and symptoms.

Health care facilities are reminded of the importance of systematic implementation of infection prevention and control (IPC). Health care facilities that provide care for patients suspected or confirmed with MERS-CoV infection should take appropriate measures to decrease the risk of transmission of the virus to other patients, health care workers and visitors.

All Member States are reminded to promptly assess and notify WHO of any new case of infection with MERS-CoV, along with information about potential exposures that may have resulted in infection and a description of the clinical course. Investigation into the source of exposure should promptly be initiated to identify the mode of exposure, so that further transmission of the virus can be prevented.

WHO does not advise special screening at points of entry with regard to this event nor does it currently recommend the application of any travel or trade restrictions.

WHO has convened an Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (IHR) to advise the Director-General on the status of the current situation. The Emergency Committee, which comprises international experts from all WHO Regions, unanimously advised that, with the information now available, and using a risk-assessment approach, the conditions for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) have not at present been met.

http://www.who.int/csr/don/2013_11_29/en/index.html

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 12:05 pm 
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Update 28th November 2013 - Questions and Answers MERS coronavirus (CoV)

What is MERS CoV?
MERS CoV is a particular strain of coronavirus which is thought to cause Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), a respiratory disease of humans. MERS CoV had not been seen in humans before September 2012. Since then sporadic outbreaks of MERS CoV with human cases have been detected in 9 countries.
According to a recent WHO report, from September 2012 to November 2013, a total of 157 laboratory-confirmed cases in humans and 19 probable cases of infection with MERS-CoV have been reported, including 69 deaths.

What are coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses are species of RNA (ribonucleic acid) viruses. They are called coronaviruses because under an electron microscope the virus appears to have a characteristic crown or halo around it. There are many species and strains of coronavirus which have different characteristics, causing a range of signs - from mild to severe disease – in humans and in different animal species. Several different species of coronavirus infect both animals and humans.

What is the source of MERS CoV?
OIE together with its partner organizations the World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and national animal health authorities of affected countries is closely following investigations into a possible animal source of MERS CoV.
The current epidemiological investigation includes researching potential sources of exposure to the virus which are numerous and include other humans, the environment, food and water, as well as animals. Detailed information collected from relatives and other persons in contact with people infected with MERS CoV can help to provide important clues about the source of their infection.

According to available information, most human cases of MERS do not report contact with animals.

Can animals become infected with MERS CoV?
Recent information from analyses carried out by a laboratory in the Netherlands provide compelling evidence that MERS CoV has been isolated from 3 camels on a farm in Qatar, also linked to two human cases of MERS CoV. In this event, the exposure source of the humans and the camels (and possibly other animals) is not known i.e. the direction of transmission between the two species is not known and it is also not known whether the animals and humans were exposed to some other source of infection. Further investigations are needed to assess the implications of these findings.

Are animals responsible for MERS CoV infections in people?
More investigations are needed to assess the presence of MERS CoV in animal population and determine potential sources and modes of transmission. However large survey could be difficult to lead because of the unavailability of large scale validated diagnostic tests. Additional joint human health and animal health investigations are needed to establish the source of exposure for human infections with MERS CoV when the source has not been identified as another human. So far, three patterns of infection have been reported by WHO:

community acquired cases (the exposure sources remains unknown and might include an animal, food or environmental source)


hospital acquired infections


infection acquired through close human to human contact (household).





Did MERS CoV come from bats?
Although a relative to this virus had already been detected in bat species, and a fragment of viral genetic material matching the MERS CoV was recently found in one bat from Saudi Arabia, more evidence is needed to directly link the MERS CoV to bats or other animal species.

What about the suspicion that camels and other animals play a role in MERS?
Although recent results from a laboratory in the Netherlands provide evidence that 3 camels were infected with MERS CoV, further investigations are needed to understand the significance of these findings and to assess the potential role of camels and possibly other animals in MERS.

It is important to remain open minded about all potential sources of exposure for human and animal cases until more information is available.

What about serological tests in animals?
Serology tests aim to detect antibodies produced by the animal against the virus, and not to search for the presence of the virus itself. Often it is difficult and sometimes impossible to distinguish antibodies to different viruses having genetic or antigenic similarities, due to what is known as serological ‘cross reactivity’.

Serology tests for MERS CoV have not yet been validated in animals and may not be reliable. If these tests, which may not be sufficiently specific, are used in animals there is a risk that ‘false positive’ results will occur because it may not be possible to differentiate antibodies to MERS CoV from antibodies to other coronaviruses, commonly found in animals.

That is why confirmatory tests in animals should focus on isolating and identifying the virus itself.

What would happen if MERS CoV is identified in animals?
If information from public health investigations identifies a possible animal source, OIE will support further joint investigations.

OIE Member Countries would be obliged to report to the OIE a confirmed case of MERS CoV in animals, as an “emerging disease” in accordance with article 1.1.3 of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. If MERS CoV was identified in an animal this would not necessarily mean that the animal is a source of human infection. Detailed investigations would then be needed to understand the relationship between any animal cases and human cases, and whether a finding in animals would be significant for human infection.

What is OIE doing?
In response to the recent findings by the laboratory in the Netherlands on the animal samples taken in Qatar, OIE is working closely with the WHO and Qatar to obtain more information about the possible disease situation in animals and to assess possible animal health and human health implications.

In addition, an OIE expert participated in a WHO mission to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in June 2013 to investigate the source of MERS CoV. OIE also has a global informal network of experts on coronaviruses in animals who are closely monitoring the situation.

OIE develops and publishes international standards and guidelines on the prevention and control of animal diseases including zoonoses (animal diseases transmissible to humans). These science-based standards provide guidance on the best control measures which should be applied, where appropriate, to allow control of infection in the identified animal source.

The OIE is the reference organisation for international standards relating to animal health and zoonoses under the World Trade Organization Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement (SPS Agreement). Decisions related to safe trade in terrestrial animals and animal products must respect the standards, recommendations and guidelines found in the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code.

http://www.oie.int/for-the-media/press- ... virus-cov/

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 12:13 pm 
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Information received on 28/11/2013 from Mr Kassem Nasser Al-Qahtani, Director of Dept of Animal resources, Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture, Department of Animal resources, DOHA, Qatar


Summary

Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/10/2013
Date of pre-confirmation of the event 26/11/2013
Report date 28/11/2013
Date submitted to OIE 28/11/2013
Reason for notification Emerging disease
Morbidity 3/21.4 %
Mortality 0 %
Zoonotic impact Asymptomatic exposure of camel to MERS-CoV (laboratory advanced) and one outbreak in a specific zone (Shahanya)
Causal agent MERS-CoV



New outbreaks (1)



Outbreak 1 Shahanya, Shahanya, Rayyan, AR RAYYAN
Date of start of the outbreak 14/10/2013
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Camelidae 14 3 0 0 0

Affected population Small farm with 14 camels, one sheep, one pigeon cage and some chicken.



Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Camelidae 14 3 0 0 0

Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Camelidae 21.43% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%

*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter


Epidemiology

Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection Unknown or inconclusive

Epidemiological comments The health authority in Qatar notified the presence of a confirmed human MERS-CoV (Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus) case. A joint team from both health and veterinary authorities was sent to the patient farm to investigate the health status of animals and the contact person. A farm worker proved to be positive for MERS-CoV and samples were collected from the 14 existing camels in addition to one sheep, some pigeons and chickens and some environmental samples (water, soil, animal food and grass) and all were sent to the Netherlands for testing. All animals were kept under observation and quarantine and all were apparently healthy.



Control measures

Measures applied Quarantine
Movement control inside the country
Screening
Zoning
Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
No vaccination
No treatment of affected animals

Measures to be applied No other measures




Diagnostic test results

Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Erasmus Medical Center (Rotterdam) and National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Bilthoven), the Netherlands (OIE’s Reference Laboratory) Camelidae polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 26/11/2013 Positive


Future Reporting

The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=14454

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 12:21 pm 
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Map updated

https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&g ... 37335&z=10

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PostPosted: Fri Nov 29, 2013 12:30 pm 
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Location: Pittsburgh, PA USA
niman wrote:
Information received on 28/11/2013 from Mr Kassem Nasser Al-Qahtani, Director of Dept of Animal resources, Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Agriculture, Department of Animal resources, DOHA, Qatar


Summary

Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 14/10/2013

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=14454

Note that start date for the outbreak was October 14.

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